1854 Connecticut gubernatorial election

The 1854 Connecticut gubernatorial election was held on April 5, 1854. Former state legislator and Whig Party nominee Henry Dutton defeated former congressman and Democratic nominee Samuel Ingham and former congressman Charles Chapman with 31.89% of the vote.

1854 Connecticut gubernatorial election

← 1853 April 5, 1854 1855 →
  Governor Henry Dutton (cropped).jpg No image.svg Charles Chapman (Connecticut Congressman).jpg
Nominee Henry Dutton Samuel Ingham Charles Chapman
Party Whig Democratic Temperance
Electoral vote 140 93
Popular vote 19,465 28,338 10,672
Percentage 31.89% 46.43% 17.49%

Governor before election

Charles H. Pond (acting)

Elected Governor

Henry Dutton

Although Ingham won a large plurality of the vote, he did not receive a majority. As a result, the Connecticut General Assembly elected the governor, per the state constitution. Dutton won the vote over Ingham, 140 to 93, in the General Assembly, and became the governor. This was the first of two elections in which Ingham would receive a plurality of more than 10% in the popular vote and lose the election, the second being 1856.

Dutton won even though he earned a smaller percentage of the popular vote than the previous four elections that the Whigs lost, winning with fewer than one third of the votes. The deterioration of the Whig vote share was similar to the national party collapse, as part of the political transition from the Second Party System to the Third Party System. This was the last time the Whigs won election to the governor's office, the last time the Whigs would finish second in the popular vote, and the last such election in which the Free Soil Party participated.

General electionEdit


Major party candidates

  • Henry Dutton, Whig
  • Samuel Ingham, Democratic

Minor party candidates

  • Charles Chapman, Temperance
  • John Hooker, Free Soil


1854 Connecticut gubernatorial election[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Samuel Ingham 28,338 46.43%
Whig Henry Dutton 19,465 31.89%
Temperance Charles Chapman 10,672 17.49%
Free Soil John Hooker 2,560 4.19%
Plurality 8,873
1854 Connecticut gubernatorial election, contingent General Assembly election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Henry Dutton 140 60.09%
Democratic Samuel Ingham 93 39.91%
Majority 47
Whig gain from Democratic Swing


  1. ^ "Our Campaigns". Retrieved 2020-09-14.