1853 New Zealand provincial elections

The 1853 New Zealand provincial elections were the first elections in New Zealand to elect members and superintendents to the newly created Provinces of New Zealand. The elections were held between July and September 1853, at the same time as the 1853 New Zealand general elections for the central government, which were held between July and October. The provincial elections had higher voter turnouts than the general elections, with the elections for provincial superintendents (where they were contested) having the highest voter turnout.[1]

New Zealand's Provinces in 1853

ResultsEdit

Provincial councilsEdit

AucklandEdit

The Auckland Provincial Council was originally made up by 24 members from six electorates: City of Auckland (6), Suburbs of Auckland (4), Pensioner Settlements (4), Northern Division (4), Southern Division (4), and Bay of Islands (2).[2]

Electoral district Winner Votes (rank) Date
Northern Division Allan O'Neill[3] 208 (1) 1 August 1853
Northern Division Patrick Dignan[3] 204 (2) 1 August 1853
Northern Division James Hill[3][4] 168 (3) 1 August 1853
Northern Division Patrick Donovan[3] 162 (4) 1 August 1853
City of Auckland James Thomas Boylan[5][6] 575 (1) 20 July 1853
City of Auckland Thomas Bartley[6] 513 (2) 20 July 1853
City of Auckland Robert Mitchell[6] 485 (3) 20 July 1853
City of Auckland James O'Neill[6] 448 (4) 20 July 1853
City of Auckland James Derrom[6] 367 (5) 20 July 1853
City of Auckland Andrew O'Brien[6] 363 (6) 20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland William Field Porter[6] 86 (1) 20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland William Connell[6] 84 (2) 20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland John Watson Bain[6] 75 (3) 20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland John Anderson Gilfillan[6] 72 (4) 20 July 1853
Southern Division Joseph Newman[7] 244 (1) 1 August 1853
Southern Division James Dilworth[7] 222 (2) 1 August 1853
Southern Division William Innes Taylor[7][8] 209 (3) 1 August 1853
Southern Division James Macky[7] 189 (4) 1 August 1853
Pensioner Settlements Francis Charles Lewis[9] 342 (1) 22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements Joseph Brennan[9] 296 (2) 22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements William Powditch[9] 291 (3) 22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements John Williamson[9] 263 (4) 22 July 1853
Bay of Islands James Busby[10][5] unopposed 27 July 1853
Bay of Islands George Clarke[10] unopposed 27 July 1853

New PlymouthEdit

The New Plymouth Provincial Council (with the province later known as Taranaki Province) was originally made up by nine members from three electorates: Town of New Plymouth (2), Grey and Bell (4), and Omata (3).[11]

Electoral district Winner Votes (rank) Date
Town of New Plymouth Isaac Newton Watt[12] 71 (1) 20 August 1853
Town of New Plymouth Samuel Vickers[12] 61 (2) 20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Peter Elliott[12] 119 (1) 20 August 1853
Grey and Bell George Cutfield[12] 108 (2) 20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Robert Parris[13][12] 106 (3) 20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Richard Chilman[12] 98 (4) 20 August 1853
Omata Thomas Good[12] 57 (1) 20 August 1853
Omata Richard Rundle[12] 57 (2) 20 August 1853
Omata George Burton[12] 36 (3) 20 August 1853

WellingtonEdit

 
Poster for the Wellington Provincial Council elections in 1853.

The Wellington Provincial Council was originally made up by eighteen members from five electorates: City of Wellington (7), Wellington Country (3), Hutt (4), Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay (2), and Wanganui and Rangitikei (2).[14]

Electoral district Winner Date
Hutt Alfred Renall[15] 13 August 1853[16]
Hutt Alfred Ludlam[15] 13 August 1853[16]
Hutt Edward Gibbon Wakefield[15] 13 August 1853[16]
Hutt George Hart[15] 13 August 1853[16]
Wanganui and Rangitikei Henry Shafto Harrison[17] 27 August 1853[17]
Wanganui and Rangitikei William Hogg Watt[18][19] 27 August 1853[17]
Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay Samuel Revans[20] 10 August 1853[21]
Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay Donald Gollan[15] 10 August 1853[17]
City of Wellington Charles Clifford[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington John Dorset[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington William Fitzherbert[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington George Moore[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington John Wallace[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington William Lyon[20] 9 August 1853[22]
City of Wellington Kenneth Bethune[20] 9 August 1853[22]
Wellington Country Alfred Brandon[20] 11 August 1853[23]
Wellington Country Robert Waitt[20] 11 August 1853[23]
Wellington Country Andrew Brown[20] 11 August 1853[23]

NelsonEdit

The Nelson Provincial Council was originally made up by fifteen members from seven electorates: Town of Nelson (5), Waimea East (2), Waimea South (2), Wairau (2), Motueka and Massacre Bay (2), Waimea West (1), and Suburban Districts (1).[24]

Electoral district Winner Votes (rank) Date
Town of Nelson Donald Sinclair[25] 161 (1) 10 August 1853
Town of Nelson Thomas Renwick[25] 160 (2) 10 August 1853
Town of Nelson William Hough[25] 132 (3) 10 August 1853
Town of Nelson George Frederick Bush[25] 114 (4) 10 August 1853
Town of Nelson Henry Adams[25] 110 (5) 10 August 1853
Waimea East Francis Otterson[26] unopposed 2 August 1853
Waimea East John Barnicoat[26] unopposed 2 August 1853
Waimea South Edward Baigent[27] 72 (1) 18 August 1853
Waimea South John Saxton[27] 35 (2) 18 August 1853
Wairau Charles Elliott[28] unopposed 10 August 1853
Wairau Joseph Ward[28] unopposed 10 August 1853
Motueka and Massacre Bay Samuel Stephens[29] 48 (1) 19 August 1853
Motueka and Massacre Bay Charles Parker[29] 36 (2) 19 August 1853
Waimea West David Monro[30] unopposed 3 August 1853
Suburban Districts James Mackay[31] unopposed 10 August 1853

CanterburyEdit

The Canterbury Provincial Council was originally made up by twelve members from four electorates: Town of Christchurch (3), Christchurch Country District (4), Town of Lyttelton (3), and Akaroa (2).[32] In Akaroa, there was a draw for second place between Rev. William Aylmer and William Sefton Moorhouse. The returning officer gave his vote to Aylmer;[33] Moorhouse had a week earlier been elected to the House of Representatives beating Rhodes.[34]

Electoral district Winner Votes (rank) Date
Town of Christchurch Thomas Cass[35] 77 (1) 3 September 1853
Town of Christchurch Samuel Bealey[35] 74 (2) 3 September 1853
Town of Christchurch Richard Packer[35] 71 (3) 3 September 1853
Christchurch Country Charles Simeon[36] 158 (1) 10 September 1853
Christchurch Country Henry Tancred[36] 154 (2) 10 September 1853
Christchurch Country John Hall[36] 151 (3) 10 September 1853
Christchurch Country Charles Bowen[36] 132 (4) 10 September 1853
Town of Lyttelton Isaac Cookson[37] 66 (1) 31 August 1853[37]
Town of Lyttelton William John Warburton Hamilton[37] 64 (2) 31 August 1853[37]
Town of Lyttelton Christopher Edward Dampier[37] 60 (3) 31 August 1853[37]
Akaroa Robert Heaton Rhodes[33] 27 (1) 31 August 1853
Akaroa Rev. William Aylmer[33] 24 (2) 31 August 1853

OtagoEdit

The Otago Provincial Council was originally made up by nine members from two electorates: Town of Dunedin (3) and Dunedin Country District (6).[38]

Electoral district Winner Votes (rank) Date
Town of Dunedin William Cutten[39] 54 (1) 20 September 1853
Town of Dunedin James Adam[39] 50 (2) 20 September 1853
Town of Dunedin Alexander Rennie[39] 39 (3) 20 September 1853
Dunedin Country District John Hyde Harris[40] 146 (1) 28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District James Macandrew[40] 118 (2) 28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District William Reynolds[40] 114 (3) 28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District John Gillies[40] 111 (4) 28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District Archibald Anderson[40] 97 (5) 28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District Edward McGlashan[40] 94 (6) 28 September 1853

Superintendent electionsEdit

Province Election date Incumbent Winner Runner-up Third place Date sworn in
Auckland 30 June 1853[41] Office established Robert Wynyard William Brown None 12 July 1853
New Plymouth 16 July 1853 Office established Charles Brown[42] William Halse John T. Wicksteed 16 July 1853
Wellington Office established Isaac Featherston Elected unopposed 2 July 1853
Nelson Office established Edward Stafford[43] John Saxton Francis Jollie 1 August 1853
Canterbury Office established James FitzGerald[44] James Campbell Henry Tancred 20 July 1853
Otago Office established William Cargill Elected unopposed 26 December 1853

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Brett 2016, p. 271.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 179.
  3. ^ a b c d "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 763. 6 August 1853. p. 3.
  4. ^ "Page 3 Advertisements Column 3". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 182.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d "The Southern Cross". Daily Southern Cross. Vol. X, no. 638. 9 August 1853. p. 2.
  8. ^ "Province of Auckland". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 772. 7 September 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b "The Elections". Daily Southern Cross. Vol. X, no. 635. 29 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 229.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Editorial". Taranaki Herald. Vol. II, no. 56. 24 August 1853. p. 2.
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 233.
  14. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 234.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Hutt election". New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian. Vol. IX, no. 840. 20 August 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d "Hutt election". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 238.
  18. ^ "Untitled". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 824. 3 September 1853. p. 3.
  19. ^ "Whanganui". Taranaki Herald. Vol. II, no. 60. 21 September 1853. p. 3.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Editorial". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2.
  21. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 239.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g "Election of members for the provincial council of Wellington". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 817. 10 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  23. ^ a b c "Election for the Wellington Provincial Council". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 209.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Election of members for the Provincial Council for the Town of Nelson". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  26. ^ a b "Election of provincial councillors for Waimea East". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  27. ^ a b "Election of two members from Waimea South to serve in the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 598. 20 August 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  28. ^ a b "Election of two members to represent the Wairau in the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  29. ^ a b "Motueka election". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 599. 27 August 1853. p. 4. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  30. ^ "Election of member for the Waimea West". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  31. ^ "Election of member for the Suburban Districts for the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 187.
  33. ^ a b c "Akaroa election". Lyttelton Times. Vol. III, no. 139. 3 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  34. ^ "Christchurch". Lyttelton Times. Vol. III, no. 138. 27 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  35. ^ a b c "Christchurch election". Lyttelton Times. Vol. III, no. 140. 10 September 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  36. ^ a b c d "The Lyttelton Times". Lyttelton Times. Vol. III, no. 141. 17 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  37. ^ a b c d e f "Lyttelton election". Lyttelton Times. Vol. III, no. 139. 3 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 215.
  39. ^ a b c "Election of the provincial council for the Town of Dunedin". Otago Witness. No. 123. 24 September 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  40. ^ a b c d e f "Election of the provincial council for the Country District". Otago Witness. No. 124. 1 October 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  41. ^ "Daily Southern Cross". Vol. X, no. 627. 1 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  42. ^ "The Taranaki Herald". Vol. I, no. 51. 20 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  43. ^ Brett 2016, p. 60.
  44. ^ Brett 2016, p. 63.

ReferencesEdit