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EventsEdit

AstronomyEdit

BiologyEdit

ChemistryEdit

Earth sciencesEdit

  • Louis Agassiz publishes his Etudes sur les glaciers, the first major scientific work to propose that the Earth has seen an ice age.

ExplorationEdit

History of scienceEdit

MedicineEdit

MetrologyEdit

PhysicsEdit

TechnologyEdit

AwardsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whewell, William (1840). "Introduction". The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, founded upon their history. 1. London: J. W. Parker. pp. 113, 71.
  2. ^ "scientist, n". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-02. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  3. ^ "physicist, n". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
  4. ^ Black, George W. (1978). "Justus Liebig's Contribution to Agricultural Chemistry". Journal of Chemical Education. 55 (1): 33. Bibcode:1978JChEd..55...33B. doi:10.1021/ed055p33.1.
  5. ^ "Hess, Germain Henri". Archived from the original on 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
  6. ^ "Antarctic Exploration — Chronology". Quark Expeditions. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2006-10-20.
  7. ^ Guillon, Jacques (1986). Dumont d'Urville. Paris: France-Empire. ISBN 978-2-7048-0472-6.
  8. ^ Headrick, Daniel R. (1981). The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-502832-4.
  9. ^ Bühler, Walter Kaufmann (1987). Gauss: a biographical study. Springer-Verlag. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-387-10662-5.
  10. ^ Hecht, Eugene (1987). Optics. Addison Wesley. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-201-11609-0.