1840 in science

The year 1840 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

List of years in science (table)

EventsEdit

AstronomyEdit

BiologyEdit

ChemistryEdit

Earth sciencesEdit

ExplorationEdit

History of scienceEdit

MedicineEdit

MetrologyEdit

PhysicsEdit

TechnologyEdit

AwardsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whewell, William (1840). "Introduction". The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, founded upon their history. Vol. 1. London: J. W. Parker. pp. 113, 71.
  2. ^ "scientist, n". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-02. (subscription or participating institution membership required)
  3. ^ "physicist, n". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
  4. ^ Black, George W. (1978). "Justus Liebig's Contribution to Agricultural Chemistry". Journal of Chemical Education. 55 (1): 33. Bibcode:1978JChEd..55...33B. doi:10.1021/ed055p33.1.
  5. ^ "Hess, Germain Henri". Archived from the original on 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
  6. ^ Rudwick, Martin J. S. (1985). The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge among Gentlemanly Specialists. University of Chicago Press.
  7. ^ "Antarctic Exploration — Chronology". Quark Expeditions. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2006-10-20.
  8. ^ Guillon, Jacques (1986). Dumont d'Urville. Paris: France-Empire. ISBN 978-2-7048-0472-6.
  9. ^ Headrick, Daniel R. (1981). The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-502832-4.
  10. ^ Bühler, Walter Kaufmann (1987). Gauss: a biographical study. Springer-Verlag. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-387-10662-5.
  11. ^ Hecht, Eugene (1987). Optics. Addison Wesley. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-201-11609-0.
  12. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  13. ^ Giuseppangelo Lucinto Fonzi entry (in Italian) by Luciano Bonuzzi in the Enciclopedia italiana, 1997