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The United States Senate elections of 1826 and 1827 were elections that had the majority Jacksonians gain a seat in the United States Senate.

United States Senate elections, 1826 and 1827

← 1824/25 Dates vary by state 1828/29 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Last election 26 seats 21 seats
Seats before 26 20
Seats won 9 6
Seats after 27 19
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 2
Seats up 8 8

Majority party before election

Jacksonian

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Contents

Results summaryEdit

Senate Party Division, 20th Congress (1827–1829)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (27)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (20–21)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate compositionEdit

Senate composition before the electionsEdit

A1 A2 A3 A4
A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7 A6 A5
A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A20 A21 A22 J26 J25
Majority →
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23 J24
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4

Senate composition after electionsEdit

A1 A2 A3 A4
A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7 A6 A5
A15
Re-elected
A16
Re-elected
A17
Re-elected
A18
Re-elected
A19
Hold
A20
Gain
V1
A Loss
J27
Gain
J26
Gain
J25
Hold
Majority, with vacancy → J24
Hold
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19
Re-elected
J20
Re-elected
J21
Re-elected
J22
Re-elected
J23
Hold
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
A# = Anti-Jacksonian
J# = Jacksonian
V# = Vacant

Race summariesEdit

Special elections during the 19th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1826 or before March 4, 1827; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
Vacant Seat vacant after an 1824 legislative deadlock.
New senator elected January 14, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Nathan Sanford (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Maryland
(Class 3)
Edward Lloyd Jacksonian 1819 (Elected)
1825 (Re-elected)
Incumbent resigned January 14, 1826.
New senator elected January 24, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mississippi
(Class 1)
Powhatan Ellis Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected January 28, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Reed (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
James Lloyd Anti-Jacksonian 1808 (Special)
1808 (Elected)
1813 Resigned
1822 (Special)
1822 (Re-elected)
Incumbent resigned May 23, 1826.
New senator elected May 31, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Incumbent died August 19, 1826
New senator elected November 10, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Ephraim Bateman (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alabama
(Class 3)
Israel Pickens Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
New senator elected November 27, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
John McKinley (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
South Carolina
(Class 3)
William Harper Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
New senator elected November 29, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
William Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Delaware
(Class 2)
Daniel Rodney Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
New senator elected January 12, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Henry M. Ridgely (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Races leading to the 20th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1827; ordered by state.

Note: Senators who called themselves "Anti-Jacksonian" or "National Republicans" changed their affiliation to "Adams" or "Adams Men." In this table, this change of name is not considered a change in party.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut Henry W. Edwards Jacksonian 1823 (Appointed)
1824 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost.
New senator elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Samuel A. Foote (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Delaware Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian 1824 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost.
New senator elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Louis McLane (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Indiana James Noble Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1821
Incumbent re-elected as Anti-Jacksonian. James Noble (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (short term)
1820 (long term)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost.
New senator elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Albion K. Parris (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian 1802
1809
1815 (Lost)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Massachusetts Elijah H. Mills Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Special)
1820
Incumbent lost re-election.
Legislature elected late.
Anti-Jacksonian loss.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mississippi Thomas Reed Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1826 or 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Powhatan Ellis (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas H. Benton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Died August 19, 1826.
New senator elected November 10, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the preceding term, see above.
Ephraim Bateman (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New York Martin Van Buren Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected February 6, 1827. Martin Van Buren (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian 1815
1821
Incumbent re-elected as Anti-Jacksonian. Benjamin Ruggles (Anti-Jacksonian), unopposed[1]
Pennsylvania William Findlay Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Isaac D. Barnard (Jacksonian) 81.20%
Samuel D. Ingham (Jacksonian) 8.27%
Joseph Hemphill (Jacksonian) 3.76%
James Buchanan (Jacksonian) 2.26%
Thomas Sergeant (Jacksonian) 0.75%
Not voting 3.76%
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected as Anti-Jacksonian. Asher Robbins (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Tennessee John H. Eaton Jacksonian 1818 (Appointed)
1819 (Special)
1821 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. John H. Eaton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected as Anti-Jacksonian. Horatio Seymour (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia John Randolph Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) Appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Jacksonian hold.
John Tyler (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Elections during the 20th CongressEdit

In this election, the winner was seated in 1827 after the new Congress began on March 4.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Vacant Vacant due to late election.
New senator elected June 8, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Daniel Webster (Anti-Jacksonian)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit