1825 Blida earthquake

The city of Blida in Algeria was struck by a major earthquake on 2 March 1825. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.0 Mw and a maximum felt intensity of X (Extreme) on the Modified Mercalli scale. It caused almost the complete destruction of Blida and led to the deaths of at least 6,000 of the inhabitants.[2]

1825 Blida earthquake
1825 Blida earthquake is located in Algeria
1825 Blida earthquake
Local date2 March 1825
Local time07:00
MagnitudeMw 7.0[1]
Epicenter36°30′N 2°54′E / 36.5°N 2.9°E / 36.5; 2.9Coordinates: 36°30′N 2°54′E / 36.5°N 2.9°E / 36.5; 2.9[1]
Areas affectedBlida, Algeria
Max. intensityX (Extreme)[1]
Casualties>6,000 dead

Tectonic settingEdit

Northern Algeria lies within the complex belt of collision between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. Blida is located at the southern margin of the Mitidja Basin, which is filled with Neogene aged sedimentary rocks. The southern boundary to this basin is formed by thrust faults of the Blida fold and thrust belt.[3] The rupture of a fault within an offshore continuation of this zone, further to the northeast, is thought to have been responsible for the 2003 Boumerdès earthquake.[4]

EarthquakeEdit

The earthquake occurred at 07:00 local time. The maximum intensity of X on the Modified Mercalli scale has been used to estimate the magnitude as Mw  7.0. Over the next four days, there were ten significant aftershocks.[1]

DamageEdit

The earthquake devastated Blida leaving very few buildings standing. It had no significant effects on Algiers, apart from some possible damage to the Casbah, although the city was only 50 km away from the epicentre. There were reports of widespread ground fissuring and both wells and springs were said to have dried up in the hours before the earthquake.[2]

The total number of people killed was reported to be at least 6,000 and possibly much higher. The high death toll is explained by the timing of the earthquake during prayers, leaving many people crushed by collapsed mosques.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Hamdache, M.; Peláez, J.A.; Talbi, A.; Casado, C.L. (2010). "A Unified Catalog of Main Earthquakes for Northern Algeria from A.D. 856 to 2008" (PDF). Seismological Research Letters. 81 (5): 732–739. doi:10.1785/gssrl.81.5.732.
  2. ^ a b c Harbi, A.; Sebaï, A.; Rouchiche, Y.; Maouche, S.; Ousadou, F.; Abbès, K.; Benamar, D.A.; Benmedjber, M. (2017). "Electronic Supplement to: Reappraisal of the Seismicity of the Southern Edge of the Mitidja Basin (Blida Region, North-Central Algeria)". Seismological Research Letters. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  3. ^ Ayadi, A.; Maouche, S.; Harbi, A.; Meghraoui, M.; Beldjoudi, H.; Oussadou, F.; Mahsas, A.; Benouar, D.; Heddar, A.; Rouchiche, Y.; Kherroubi, A.; Frogneux, M.; Lammali, K.; Benhamouda, F.; Sebai, A.; Bourouis, S.; Alasset, P.J.; Cakir, Z.; Merahi, M.; Nouar, O.; Yelles, A.; Bellik, A.; Briole, P.; Charade, O.; Thouvenet, F.; Semane, F.; Ferkoul, A.; Deramchi, A.; Haned, S.A. (2003). "Strong Algerian Earthquake Strikes Near Capital City". Eos. 50.
  4. ^ Ayadi, A.; Dorbath, C.; Ousadou, F.; Maouche, S.; Chikh, M.; Bounif, M.A.; Meghraoui, M. (2018). "Zemmouri earthquake rupture zone (Mw 6.8, Algeria): Aftershocks sequence relocation and 3D velocity model". Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 113 (B9). doi:10.1029/2007JB005257.