Open main menu

1824 and 1825 United States Senate elections

The United States Senate elections of 1824 and 1825 were elections for the United States Senate that saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

1824 and 1825 U.S. Senate elections

← 1822 / 1823 Dates vary by state 1826 / 1827 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Seats won 8 10
Seats after 25 20
Seat change Increase 25 Increase 20
Seats up 0 0

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 44 seats 3 seats
Seats before 43 5
Seat change Decrease 43 Decrease 5
Seats up 15 1

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summaryEdit

Senate Party Division, 19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

  DRa1
Resigned
DRa2
Retired
DRa3
Unknown
DRa4
Retired
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 DRa8
Ran
DRa7
Ran
DRa6
Unknown
DRa5
Ran
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 DRc10
Ran
DRc11
Unknown
DRc12
Ran
DRc13
Ran
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 DRc15
Retired
DRc14
Ran
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 DRj12
Unknown
Fa5
Retired
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Election resultsEdit

  AJ1
Gain
AJ2
Gain
AJ3
Gain
AJ4
Gain
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 V2
Fa Loss
V1
DR Loss
AJ6
Gain
AJ5
Gain
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 J1
Gain
J2
Gain
J3
Gain
J4
Gain
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 J6
Gain
J5
Gain
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 J7
Gain
J8
Gain
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Beginning of the next CongressEdit

  AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 V1 V2 V3 J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
  J1 J2 J3 J4

Key:

DRa# Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) AJ# Anti-Jacksonian
DRc# Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) J# Jacksonian
DRj# Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction) V# Vacant
Fa# Federalist (Adams-Clay faction)

Race summariesEdit

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 18th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1824 or before March 4, 1825; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 2)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
Incumbent re-elected late January 9, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Caesar A. Rodney (DR) had resigned January 29, 1823 in the previous Congress.
Successor elected January 13, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Louisiana
(Class 3)
James Brown Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent resigned December 10, 1823 to become U.S. Minister to France.
Successor elected January 15, 1824.[3]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected, see below.
Connecticut
(Class 2)
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1823 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected May 5, 1824.
Louisiana
(Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican 1818 (Appointed)
1823 (Special)
Incumbent resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana.
Successor elected November 19, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Illinois
(Class 3)
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818
1819
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1824.
Successor elected November 24, 1824 on the third ballot, but not to next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Georgia
(Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican 1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent died September 7, 1824.
Successor elected December 6, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1792 (Special)
1793
Died August 21, 1824.
Successor elected December 7, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Races leading to the 19th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1825 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama William Kelly Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction) 1822 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[7]
Jacksonian gain.
Connecticut James Lanman Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1818 Incumbent re-elected in 1824[8] but disqualified.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Georgia John Elliott Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1819 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[9]
Jacksonian gain.
Illinois Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818
1819
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824 on the tenth ballot.[10]
Jacksonian gain.
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1816
1818
Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in 1825 on the fourth ballot.[11]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1815 (Special)
1819 (Lost or retired)
1820 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[12]
Jacksonian gain.
  •  Y John Rowan (Jacksonian)
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
Louisiana Josiah S. Johnston Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1824 Incumbent re-elected in 1825 on the second ballot as an Anti-Jacksonian.[13]
Maryland Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1819 Incumbent re-elected in 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Missouri David Barton Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1821 Incumbent re-elected in 1824 as an Anti-Jacksonian.[15]
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1825 on the forty-first ballot.[a][16]
Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated late March 16, 1825.
New York Rufus King Adams-Clay Federalist 1789
1795
1796 (Resigned)
1813
1819/1820
Incumbent retired.
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature.[17][18]
Federalist loss.
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1815 (Special)
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 as a Jacksonian.[19]
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1822 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1825 on the fourth ballot.[20]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1818 Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in February 1825 on the thirty-second ballot.[21]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1804 (Special)
1806
1812
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 on the second ballot as a Jacksonian.[22]
Vermont William A. Palmer Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818 (Special)
1818
Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in 1824 on the fourth ballot.[23]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Special elections during the 19th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1825 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge.
Successor elected May 4, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
James DeWolf Anti-Jacksonian 1820 or 1821 Incumbent resigned October 31, 1825.
Successor elected October 31, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

AlabamaEdit

ConnecticutEdit

Connecticut (1824 Special)Edit

Connecticut (1825 Special)Edit

Delaware (Specials)Edit

GeorgiaEdit

Georgia (Special)Edit

IllinoisEdit

Illinois (Special)Edit

IndianaEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

Louisiana (Specials)Edit

MarylandEdit

MissouriEdit

New HampshireEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

OhioEdit

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode Island (Special)Edit

South CarolinaEdit

VermontEdit

Virginia (Special)Edit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ There were 36 ballots in 1824 in which the New Hampshire House of Representatives and New Hampshire Senate would not agree on a U.S. Senator. Balloting continued into 1825, and Woodbury was finally elected on the 5th ballot.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  2. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  3. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  4. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  5. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  6. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  7. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  8. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  9. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  10. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  11. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  12. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  13. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  14. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  15. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  16. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  17. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  18. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  19. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  20. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  21. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  22. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  23. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  24. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.