|Years in rail transport|
|Timeline of railway history|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1820.
- May 1 – The Kington Tramway, a horse-worked plateway, is opened from Eardisley to Kington, Herefordshire, England. Together with the Hay Railway it forms a continuous system 36 miles (45 km) in length, the longest in the United Kingdom at this date.
- October - John Birkinshaw of Bedlington Ironworks patents improvements in the production of wrought iron rails.
- Thomas Gray publishes his first of five editions of Observations on a General Iron Railway, a book that accelerates the British debate on this means of transportation and promotes the concept of a national rail network.
- An early form of monorail in Russia is operated by Ivan Elmanov in Myachkovo, Moscow Oblast.
- January 21 – Egide Walschaerts, Belgian inventor of a steam locomotive valve gear (d. 1901).
- April 8 - John Taylor Johnston, president of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, 1848–1877 (d. 1893).
- May 2 - Robert Gerwig, German civil engineer, designer of Schwarzwald Railway and the Hell Valley Railway (d. 1885).
- July 31 – John W. Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from 1858 (d. 1884).
- August 6 – Donald Smith, afterwards Lord Strathcona, Scottish financier, promoter of the Canadian Pacific Railway (d. 1914).
- September 20 – Alfred Belpaire, Belgian inventor of the Belpaire firebox used on steam locomotives (d. 1893).
- December 21 – William H. Osborn, president of Illinois Central Railroad 1855–1865, president of Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans Railroad 1875–1882, is born (d. 1894).
Unknown death datesEdit
- James Beatty, Irish engineer who was involved in building the European and North American Railway and the Grand Crimean Central Railway (d. 1856)
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- "Continental engineers". Archived from the original on 15 February 2005. Retrieved 2005-02-09.
- White, John H, Jr. (Spring 1986). "America's Most Noteworthy Railroaders". Railroad History. 154: 9–15.
- ^ Rattenbury, Gordon; Cook, Ray (1996). The Hay and Kington Railways. Gwernymynydd: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-19-9.
- ^ a b Marshall, John (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers (2nd ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-22-9.
- ^ "Biography of John Work Garrett". Archived from the original on 8 February 2005. Retrieved 2005-03-02.