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181st Street station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

181st Street is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of St. Nicholas Avenue and 181st Street in Washington Heights, Manhattan, it is served by the 1 train at all times.

 181 Street
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
181st street station repaired.jpg
Renovated platform view
Station statistics
AddressWest 181st Street & Saint Nicholas Avenue
New York, NY 10033
BoroughManhattan
LocaleWashington Heights
Coordinates40°50′56″N 73°56′02″W / 40.849°N 73.934°W / 40.849; -73.934Coordinates: 40°50′56″N 73°56′02″W / 40.849°N 73.934°W / 40.849; -73.934
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M3, Bx3, Bx11, Bx13, Bx35, Bx36
Bus transport GWB Bus Station (at 179 St)
StructureUnderground
Depth120 feet (37 m)
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedMay 30, 1906; 113 years ago (1906-05-30)
Station code301[1]
AccessibleThe mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)3,605,435[3]Decrease 3.7%
Rank132 out of 424
Station succession
Next north191st Street: 1 all times
Next south168th Street: ZZZtemporarily closed for construction
157th Street (next stop due to construction): 1 all times

181st Street Subway Station (IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #05000224[4]
Added to NRHPMarch 30, 2005

This station will be closed between March 2021 and February 2022 for elevator repair.

HistoryEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The West Side Branch of the first subway was extended northward to a temporary terminus of 221st Street and Broadway on March 12, 1906 with the station at 181st Street not yet open.[5][6] The 181st Street station opened on May 30, 1906, and on this date express trains on the Broadway branch began running through to 221st Street, eliminating the need to transfer at 157th Street to shuttles.[7]

On June 25, 1909, the New York City Board of Estimate approved an appropriation of $160,000 for the installation of four additional elevators at the station.[8]

In 1948, platforms on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 103rd Street to 238th Street were lengthened to 514 feet (157 m) to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six-car local trains. The platform extensions were opened in stages. On April 6, 1948, the platform extension opened for stations from 103rd Street to Dyckman Street, with the exception of 125th Street.[9][10]

On December 28, 1950, the New York City Board of Transportation issued a report concerning the construction of bomb shelters in the subway system. Five deep stations in Washington Heights, including the 181st Street station, were considered to be ideal for being used as bomb-proof shelters. The program was expected to cost $104,000,000. These shelters were expected to provide limited protection against conventional bombs, while providing protection against shock waves and air blast, as well as from the heat and radiation from an atomic bomb. To become suitable as shelters, the stations would require water-supply facilities, first-aid rooms, and additional bathrooms.[11]

ElevatorsEdit

The station reopened on November 22, 1999 upon the completion of elevator installation. The entrance at the southeast corner of 181st Street and St. Nicholas Avenue remained closed until early 2000.[12]

In 2004, the number of elevator attendants at the station was reduced to one per station as a result of budget cuts by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). The agency had intended to remove all the attendants, but kept one in each station after many riders protested. The change saved $1.2 million a year.[13] In November 2007, the MTA proposed savings cuts to help reduce the agency's deficit. As part of the plan, all elevator operators at 181st Street, along with those in four other stations in Washington Heights, would have been cut.[14] On December 7, 2007, the MTA announced that it would not remove the remaining elevator operators at 181st Street, along with those in four other stations in Washington Heights. The move was intended to save $1.7 million a year, but was not implemented due to pushback from elected officials and residents from the area.[15] In October 2018, the MTA again proposed removing the elevator operators at the five stations, but this decision was reversed after dissent from the Transport Workers' Union.[16]

The elevator attendants currently serve as a way to reassure passengers as the elevators are the only entrance to the platforms, and passengers often wait for the elevators with an attendant.[17] The attendants at the five stations are primarily maintenance and cleaning workers who suffered injuries that made it hard for them to continue doing their original jobs.[18]

This station will be closed between March 2021 and February 2022 for elevator repair. It is unclear whether the elevator operators will keep their jobs after their replacement.[19][20]

Ceiling collapsesEdit

During constructionEdit

 
Station view before the 2009 ceiling collapse

During the station's construction in the mid-1900s, the Fort George Mine Tunnel was being built to take the Interborough Rapid Transit Company's Broadway–Seventh Avenue line through upper Manhattan. Due to the steep terrain, the tunnel had to be mined using explosives. During construction on October 24, 1903, a 300-ton boulder, weakened by such an explosive, gave way, killing 10 miners.[21] Six miners were killed instantly, while eight were injured; four later died of their injuries.[22] The dead miners consisted of eight Italian immigrants, the foreman from Italy, and an electrician from Germany.[23]

2009 collapseEdit

On August 16, 2009, at around 10:30 pm, a 25-foot section of the bricks lining the 35-foot high curved ceiling of the station collapsed onto both uptown and downtown tracks and platforms. Nobody was injured in the incident.[21] This caused suspension of 1 service between 168th Street and Dyckman Street stations in both directions for eight days with free shuttle buses providing replacement.[24][25] Full end-to-end service on the 1 was restored on August 24, except trains skipped 181st Street.[25] The station reopened to passengers on August 31, 2009.[26][27]

There was also a partial ceiling collapse at the same station in 2007, according to Judith M. Kunoff, Chief Architect for the NYC Transit Authority.[28] According to NY1, the repairs to the station cost $30 million and did not start until the end of 2012.[29]

Station layoutEdit

G Street level Exit/Entrance
Elevators in mezzanine. Note: Platforms and street level are not accessible
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors open on the right
Northbound   toward Van Cortlandt Park (191st Street)
Southbound   toward South Ferry (157th Street)
(Temporarily closed: 168th Street)
Side platform, doors open on the right
 
Street stair

This underground station has two tracks and two side platforms,[30] and is 120 feet (37 m) below the surface. As a result, it has four elevators that lead from the fare control level to one level above the platforms. On this level, a footbridge near the northern end of the station connects the side platforms. When the station opened on May 30, 1906,[7] there had only been two elevators to the platforms, but in 1909, two more elevators were added.[31]

All elevators are capable of traveling one level further down to the uptown platform, but this area has been closed and walled off.

There is also a second footbridge near the south end of the station. However, it is used only as an emergency exit, and contains a staircase, so all riders must take an elevator to enter or exit the station except in emergencies.

The station was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[4] As part of the Multiple Property Submission of the Historic Resources of the New York City Subway System, the 181st Street Station is significant in the areas of transportation, community planning, engineering, and architectural design.

ExitsEdit

There are two exits to this station at either eastern corner of St. Nicholas Avenue and 181st Street. The northeast-corner entrance is inside a building and the southeast-corner entrance is on the street.[32] The fare control area contains a shopping arcade that includes a deli and clothing store.[33]

The station serves Yeshiva University and the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal.[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  5. ^ "Farthest North in Town by the Interborough". The New York Times. January 14, 1907. p. 18.
  6. ^ District, New York (State) Public Service Commission First (January 1, 1913). Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York. J.B. Lyon Company.
  7. ^ a b "Express to 221st Street: Will Run In the Subway To-day–New 181st Street Station Ready" (PDF). nytimes.com. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  8. ^ "$160,000 For Subway Elevators". The Evening Post. June 26, 1909. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  9. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949.
  10. ^ "More Long Platforms – Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains". The New York Times. July 10, 1948. p. 8. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  11. ^ Ronan, Thomas P. (December 29, 1950). "Subway Shelters To Cost $104,000,000 Proposed For City; Board Would Build Havens in Present and Proposed Lines or Convert for Defense Extent Of U.S. Aid In Doubt Most of Routes Would Provide Limited Safety 5 Stations Listed as 'Bomb-Proof' Some Federal Aid Expected Would Expedite Work Subway Shelters For City Outlined Provide Longer Occupancy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  12. ^ "1 9 The 181st Street station will reopen on Monday, November 22. Elevator installation is complete". New York Daily News. November 19, 1999. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  13. ^ Piazza, Jo (December 7, 2003). "M.T.A. Urged Not to Cut Elevator Jobs At 5 Stations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  14. ^ Neuman, William (November 30, 2007). "M.T.A. Savings Proposal May Mean Service Cuts". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  15. ^ "Changing Course, M.T.A. Will Keep Elevator Operators On". The New York Times. December 8, 2007. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  16. ^ Krisel, Brendan (October 31, 2018). "Uptown Subway Stations Won't Lose Elevator Operators, Union Says". Washington Heights-Inwood, NY Patch. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  17. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (April 28, 2011). "Subway Elevator Operators Dwindle in New York". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  18. ^ Waller, Nikki (November 23, 2003). "Neighborhood Report: Washington Heights -- Citypeople; Why They Take the A Train (and the 1/9)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  19. ^ Abramov, Nora; Mocker, Greg (December 18, 2018). "5 subway stations will get replacement elevators". WPIX 11 New York. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  20. ^ "Five Subway Stations in Upper Manhattan to Receive New Elevators". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Dwyer, Jim (August 18, 2009). "Subway Station Ceilings Were Built to Last, but Not Forever". The New York Times. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  22. ^ Roess, R.P.; Sansone, G. (2012). The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System. Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 166. ISBN 978-3-642-30484-2. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  23. ^ "American Experience . Technology . New York Underground . Death Beneath the Streets". PBS. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  24. ^ "Subway station repairs to take days". WABC-TV news. August 18, 2009. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
  25. ^ a b Grynbaum, Michael M. (August 24, 2009). "Service on No. 1 Subway Line Is Largely Restored". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2009.
  26. ^ "No. 1 Line Service Restored to 181st Street". Metropolitan Transit Authority. August 30, 2009. Archived from the original on September 3, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
  27. ^ "Subway Misery Has Express Stop At 181st Street". NY1. Archived from the original on February 26, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
  28. ^ Dwyer, Jim (August 18, 2009). "Subway Station Ceilings Were Built to Last, but Not Forever". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2009.
  29. ^ Redwine, Tina (October 11, 2011). "Washington Heights Straphangers Annoyed At Long-Delayed Subway Station Repairs". NY1. Archived from the original on February 26, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  30. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  31. ^ "More Lifts for 181st St. Subway Station". The New York Times. April 23, 1909. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  32. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Washington Heights" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
  33. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKd1jToADHE

External linksEdit