1818 in poetry

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List of years in poetry (table)
In literature

A thing of beauty is a joy for ever:

Its loveliness increases; it will never

Pass into nothingness;

John Keats, Endymion


John KeatsEdit

  • June–August – Keats with his friend Charles Armitage Brown makes a walking tour of Scotland, Ireland and the English Lake District. On July 11 while in Scotland he visits Burns Cottage, the birthplace of Robert Burns (17591796). Before Keats arrives, he writes to a friend that "one of the pleasantest means of annulling self is approaching such a shrine as the cottage of Burns — we need not think of his misery — that is all gone — bad luck to it — I shall look upon it all with unmixed pleasure."[1] but his encounter with the cottage's alcoholic custodian returns him to thoughts of misery.[2] On August 2 he climbs to the summit of Ben Nevis, on which he writes a sonnet.[3]
  • September–November – Keats meets and falls in love with Fanny Brawne (1800–65).[4]
  • December – Keats is invited to move into Brown's home at Wentworth Place, in Hampstead, at this time a pastoral suburb north of London. In the next 17 months as Brown's housemate, Keats writes "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "The Eve of St. Agnes" and "Ode to a Nightingale", among other works.[1]

Other eventsEdit

  • January 11 – Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Ozymandias" is published in Leigh Hunt's weekly The Examiner (London; p. 24) under the pen name 'Glirastes'; Horace Smith's contribution to the same informal sonnet-writing competition, "On a Stupendous Leg of Granite, Discovered Standing by Itself in the Deserts of Egypt, with the Inscription Inserted Below" is published on February 1 under his initials.
  • February 4 – While John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley are at Leigh Hunt's home for the evening, all three compete in composing sonnets about the Nile. Hunt is judged the winner, with:[5]
It flows through old hushed Egypt and its sands,
Like some grave mighty thought threading a dream,
And times and things, as in that vision, seem
Keeping along it their eternal stands [...]
  • March 12 – Percy Bysshe Shelley and family, along with his sister-in-law Claire Clairmont, mother of Lord Byron's child, leaves England for the Continent, reaching Milan April 4 and visiting the Italian lakes. In June they move to the Bagni di Lucca, where Shelley translates Plato's Symposium, writes "On Love," and completes Rosalind and Helen. In August, they move to Este, near Venice to be closer to Lord Byron; there Shelley begins Prometheus Unbound. Their daughter Clara dies September 24 and the Shelleys visit Venice October 12–31, then travel to Rome and Naples, where they remain until February 28, 1819.
  • September 19 – Lord Byron writes to Thomas Moore, telling him he has completed the first Canto of Don Juan (which he began on July 3).[6]

Works publishedEdit

United KingdomEdit

I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed.
And on the pedestal these words appear:
"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!"
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away.[7]

United StatesEdit

Works misdated as this yearEdit

Works published in other languagesEdit


Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Costa, Robert, "Keats’s House, Restored", article, The Wall Street Journal, August 4, 2009, retrieved August 12, 2009. Archived 2009-08-15.
  2. ^ Colvin, Sidney (1917). John Keats. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "200 years ago Keats climbed Ben Nevis". Keats 200. 2018. Retrieved 2020-04-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Gittings, Robert (1968). John Keats. London: Heinemann. p. 262. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Jones, Neal T. (ed.), A Book of Days for the Literary Year, New York; London: Thames and Hudson (1984), unpaginated, ISBN 0-500-01332-2.
  6. ^ Letter CCCXXII.
  7. ^ Text of the poem from Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1819). Rosalind and Helen, a modern eclogue, with other poems. London: C. and J. Ollier. OCLC 1940490. and Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1826). Miscellaneous and posthumous poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley. London: W. Benbow. OCLC 13349932.. The two texts are identical except that in the earlier "desert" is spelled "desart".
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
  9. ^ Fahy, Lynn Kloter; Society, The Ellington Historical (2005). Ellington. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-0-7385-3824-2.
  10. ^ a b Ludwig, Richard M.; Nault, Jr., Clifford A., Annals of American Literature, 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi.)
  11. ^ a b c "American Poetry Full-Text Database - Bibliography". University of Chicago Library. Retrieved 2009-03-04. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Sears, Donald A. (1978). John Neal. Boston, Massachusetts: Twayne Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 080-5-7723-08.
  13. ^ Hayes, Kevin J. (2012). "Chapter 13: How John Neal Wrote His Autobiography". In Watts, Edward; Carlson, David J. (eds.). John Neal and Nineteenth Century American Literature and Culture. Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Bucknell University Press. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-61148-420-5.
  14. ^ Carruth, Gorton (1993). The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates (9th ed.). HarperCollins.
  15. ^ Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7, retrieved via Google Books.
  16. ^ Rubin, Louis D., Jr., The Literary South, John Wiley & Sons, 1979, ISBN 0-471-04659-0.