18-pounder short gun
|18-pounder short gun|
1/4th Scale model of an 18-pounder short gun, model 1824. On display at the Musée national de la Marine, Paris.
|Place of origin||France|
|Used by||France, Spain, Great Britain, Netherlands, Sweden, United States|
The 18-pounder short gun was an intermediary calibre piece of artillery mounted on warships and merchantmen of the Age of sail. It was a lighter version of the 18-pounder long gun, compromising power and range for weight.
In his discussion of the single-ship action in which the French frigate Piémontaise captured the East Indiaman Warren Hastings on 11 June 1805, the naval historian William James compared the 18-pounder medium guns on Warren Hastings with the 18-pounder long guns that the British Royal Navy used. The medium 18-pounder was 6 ft (1.8 m) long, and weighed 263⁄4 Cwt (2,996 lb (1,359.0 kg)); the Royal Navy's long 18-pounder was 9 ft (2.7 m) and weighed 421⁄2 Cwt (4,760 lb (2,159.1 kg)).
Citations and referencesEdit
- French naval regulation, 1786
- James (1837), Vol. 4, pp.239-44.
- James, William; Chamier, Frederick (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain: From the Declaration of War by France In 1793 to the Accession of George IV. London, UK: R. Bentley. OCLC 656581450.
- (in French) Jean Boudriot et Hubert Berti, L'Artillerie de mer : marine française 1650-1850, Paris, éditions Ancre, 1992 (ISBN 2-903179-12-3) (notice BNF no FRBNF355550752).
- (in French) Jean Peter, L'artillerie et les fonderies de la marine sous Louis XIV, Paris, Economica, 1995, 213 p. (ISBN 2-7178-2885-0).