1798 in science

The year 1798 in science and technology involved some significant events.

List of years in science (table)

AstronomyEdit

ChemistryEdit

DemographyEdit

MathematicsEdit

MedicineEdit

  • Edward Jenner publishes An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ, a disease discovered in some of the western counties of England, particularly Gloucestershire, and known by the name of the Cow Pox, describing the smallpox vaccine, in London.
  • Charles Bell publishes A System of Dissection Explaining the Anatomy of the Human Body in collaboration with his brother John.[2]
  • Alexander Crichton publishes An inquiry into the nature and origin of mental derangement; comprehending a concise system of the physiology and pathology of the human mind and a history of the passions and their effects, including a description of a condition resembling the inattentive subtype of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • John Dalton publishes "Extraordinary Facts Relating to the Vision of Colours", describing colour blindness for the first time in print.[3]
  • Philippe Pinel publishes Nosographie philosophique, ou méthode de l'analyse appliquée à la médecine, emphasising the importance of nosology (classification of diseases) to medicine. It goes through six editions in the next ten years.[4]
  • Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring publishes Tabula sceleti feminini in Frankfurt am Main, the first accurate representation of the female skeleton.

PhysicsEdit

TechnologyEdit

ZoologyEdit

  • The platypus is first discovered by Europeans.

PublicationsEdit

AwardsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey (1986). Women in Science: Antiquity through the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. pp. 97–98. ISBN 0-262-65038-X.
  2. ^ Jacyna, L. S. (2004). "Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1999. Retrieved 2011-04-06. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  3. ^ Dalton, J. (1798). "Extraordinary facts relating to the vision of colours; with observations". Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. 5: 28–45. The original lecture was delivered in 1794.
  4. ^ Burke, James (1985). The Day the Universe Changed. London: BBC. p. 207. ISBN 0-563-20192-4.
  5. ^ Burnett, John (2004). "Tilloch, Alexander (1759–1825)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  6. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  7. ^ Jules Bergeron, Alexandre Wauthier. "François Mêlier". cths.fr (in French). Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  8. ^ "Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-03-21.