1795 in science
- Leonhard Euler's Letters to a German Princess, On Different Subjects in Physics and Philosophy are first translated into English by Scottish minister Henry Hunter, targeted at women, whom Hunter felt Euler intended to educate.
- March 21 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (born 1714)
- July 3 – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish explorer (born 1716)
- June 9 – François Chopart, French surgeon (born 1743)
- June 24 – William Smellie, Scottish naturalist (born 1740)
- October 1 – Robert Bakewell, English agriculturalist and geneticist (born 1725)
- Date unknown - Marie Marguerite Bihéron, French anatomist (born 1719)
- Not published until 1809.
- Bown, Stephen R. (2003). Scurvy: How a Surgeon, a Mariner and a Gentleman Solved the Greatest Medical Mystery of the Age of Sail. Penguin Books Australia. p. 222.
- "Decree on weights and measures". 1795. Archived from the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
Gramme, le poids absolu d'un volume d'eau pure égal au cube de la centième partie du mètre , et à la température de la glace fondante
- McNeill, Ian (1972). Hydraulic Power. London: Longman. ISBN 0-582-12797-1.
- Goodwin, Gordon (1891). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Klyve, Dominic (Spring 2011). "Euler's Letters to a German Princess:Betrayal and Translation" (PDF). Opusculum. 3 (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-10-21.