Events from the year 1795 in the French First Republic.
|See also:||Other events of 1795|
History of France • Timeline • Years
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January to JuneEdit
- 16 January – France occupies Utrecht, Netherlands.
- 17 January – Revolution breaks out in Amsterdam.
- 18 January – William V, Prince of Orange, flees the Dutch Republic for exile at Kew.
- 19 January – The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands.
- 20 January – French troops enter Amsterdam.
- 21 January – Dutch fleet in IJsselmeer is captured by France.
- 29 January – Chouans attack the Republican held town of Guémené.
- 17 February – Peace made with Chouans after their defeat.
- 13–14 March – Battle of Genoa, British-Neapolitan victory over French fleet.
- 5 April – The Peace of Basel is signed, between France and Prussia.
- 7 April – France adopts the metre as the unit of length.
- 23 April – Sweden becomes the first monarchy to recognize the French Republic – Swedish ambassador introduced into the French Convention.
- 16 May – Treaty of The Hague signed between French Republic and the Batavian Republic ceding territory to France.
- 31 May – French Revolution: Revolutionary Tribunal suppressed.
- 7 June – Siege of Luxembourg ends with surrender of fortress by Austrian forces to the French.
- 8 June – Dauphin, would-be-Louis XVII dies. Louis XVIII becomes titular king of France (he becomes the actual king on 6 April 1814).
- 17 June – First Battle of Groix, British naval victory over France.
- 23 June – Battle of Groix, British naval victory over France.
- 26 June – Hostilities resume after Royalist émigré force lands at Carnac.
- 27 June
- 28 June – The French government announces that the heir to the French throne has died of illness (many doubt the statement).
July to DecemberEdit
- 13 July – Battle of the Hyères Islands, British–Neapolitan victory over French fleet.
- 15 July – The Marseillaise officially adopted as French national anthem.
- 21 July – Émigré force is defeated during the assault on Quiberon.
- 22 July – The Second Treaty of Basel is signed between the French First Republic and Spain, ending the War of the Pyrenees. Spain cedes its half of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola to France.
- 22 August – Constitution of the Year III enacted, establishing the Directory.
- 25 August – Battle of Trincomalee: British forces capture Trincomalee in Ceylon.
- 28 August - The Third Treaty of Basel is signed, between the French First Republic and the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel.
- 15 September -French Revolutionary Wars - Invasion of the Cape Colony: British forces capture Cape Town in the Dutch Cape Colony, to use its strategic facilities against the French Navy.
- 25 September - Royalist defeat at Saint-Cyr.
- 28 September – The Alliance of St Petersburg formed between Britain, Russia and Austria against France.
- 1 October - Austrian Netherlands annexed to the French Republic as the Belgian departments.
- 2 October – British forces capture Ile d'Yeu, off the coast of Brittany.
- 5 October – 13 Vendémiaire, battle between French Revolutionary troops and Royalist forces in the streets of Paris, resulting in defeat of Royalist insurrection.
- 29 October – Battle of Mainz, Austrian victory over French forces.
- 2 November – French Revolution: The French Directory takes power; the influence of the Sans-culottes declines.
- 6 January – Anselme Payen, chemist (died 1878)
- 10 July – Jean-Baptiste Guimet, industrial chemist (died 1871)
- 30 August – Amable Tastu (Sabine Casimire Amable Voïart), femme de lettres (died 1885)
- 6 September – Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, Marshal of France and politician (died 1878)
- Full date unknown – Philippe Gustave le Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant, astronomer (died 1874)
- 30 April – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, writer and numismatist (born 1716)
- 7 May – Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville, lawyer and revolutionary leader (executed) (born 1746)
- 1 June – Pierre-Joseph Desault, anatomist and surgeon (born 1744)
- 8 June – Louis XVII of France, former dauphin and pretender King (born 1785)
- 17 June – Gilbert Romme, politician and mathematician (born 1750)
- 18 June – Marie Marguerite Bihéron, anatomist (born 1719)
- 3 July – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, historian (born 1714)
- 27 July – Louis Grégoire Deschamps Destournelles, politician (born 1744)
- 31 August – François-André Danican Philidor, chess player and composer (born 1726)
- 15 November – Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, painter (born 1719)
- Huerta, Carlos de la (15 July 2016). The Great Conspiracy: Britain's Secret War against Revolutionary France, 1794-1805. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-4456-5949-7.
- Debritt, John (1795). A Collection of State Papers Relative to the War Against France Now Carrying on by Great Britain and the Several Other European Powers. pp. 304–.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 234–235. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 234–235. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 345–346. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- According to Georges Boulinier: Une femme anatomiste au siècle des Lumières: Marie Marguerite Biheron (1719–1795). Histoire des Sciences médicales – vol. XXXV,4,411–423 (2001), p. 413, referring to a file (shelf mark V3E/D 118) retrievable online from the Archives de Paris, she died in Paris on 30 prairial An III, i.e., 18 June 1795. Boulinier's paper includes additional evidence to support that date.