This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1716.
- April 5 – Anne Lefèvre, Madame Dacier, meets Antoine Houdar de la Motte in person.
- May – Voltaire is exiled to Tulle as a result of his lampoon on the regent of France, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
- June 21 – Work begins on construction of the Codrington Library at All Souls College, Oxford, to the design of Nicholas Hawksmoor; it will be completed in 1751.
- unknown dates
- Richard Blackmore – Essays upon Several Subjects vol. i
- Thomas Browne – Christian Morals
- Francis Chute (as Mr. Gay) – The Petticoat (part of Edmund Curll's "phantom Gay" hoax)
- Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury – Several Letters... to a Young Man at the University
- John Dennis – A True Character of Mr. Pope, and his Writings (in response to The Essay on Criticism)
- Theophilus Evans – Drych y Prif Oesoedd (Mirror of the Early Centuries)
- Amédée-François Frézier – Relation du voyage de la Mer du Sud, aux côtes du Chili, du Pérou et de Brésil
- John Oldmixon – Memoirs of Ireland from the Restoration to the Present Times
- Alexander Pope – The Iliad of Homer vol. ii
- Humphrey Prideaux – The Old and New Testament Connected in the History of the Jews and Neighbouring Nations
- Jean de la Roque – Voyage dans l’Arabie heureuse
- Andreas Rüdiger – Göttliche Physik (Divine Physics)
- George Sewell – A Vindication of the English Stage
- Johann Georg Walch – Historia critica Latinae linguae
- Zhang Yushu, Chen Tingjing et al. (ed.) – Kangxi Dictionary (康熙字典)
- Joseph Addison – The Drummer
- Barton Booth – The Death of Dido
- Christopher Bullock
- José de Cañizares
- El dómine Lucas
- Marta la Romarantina
- El picarillo de España, señor de la Gran Canaria
- Susanna Centlivre – The Cruel Gift
- Mary Davys – The Northern Heiress
- Benjamin Griffin – The Humours of Purgatory
- Aaron Hill – The Fatal Vision
- John Hughes – Apollo and Daphne
- Charles Johnson – The Cobbler of Preston, a rival version to that by Bullock (political satire based on The Taming of the Shrew)
- William Taverner – Everybody Mistaken
- Lewis Theobald – The Perfidious Brother
- January 20 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (died 1795)
- March 6 – Pehr Kalm, Swedish/Finnish botanist, naturalist and travel writer (died 1779)
- December 25 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (died 1774)
- December 26
- unknown date – Yosa Buson (与謝 蕪村), Japanese Edo period haiku poet and painter (died 1784)
- January 5
- January 11
- February 19 – Dorothe Engelbretsdotter, Norwegian poet (born 1634)
- July 24 – Agnes Campbell, Scottish printer (born 1637)
- September 15 – Andrew Fletcher, Scottish politician and writer (born 1653)
- October 21 – Jakob Gronovius, Dutch scholar (born 1645)
- November 14 – Gottfried Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (born 1646)
- December 31 – William Wycherley, English dramatist (born 1641)
- probable year - Patrick Abercromby, Scottish antiquary and translator (born 1656)
- "Cliffs Notes Study Guide: Candide". Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- "Library Architecture". The Codrington Library. Oxford: All Souls College. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Margaret J. M. Ezell (14 September 2017). The Oxford English Literary History: Volume V: 1645-1714: the Later Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. p. 468. ISBN 978-0-19-818311-2.
- Harvilahti, Lauri (1996). "Epos and National Identity: Transformations and Incarnations" (PDF). Oral Tradition. Beijing. 11 (1): 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
- Seamus Deane; Angela Bourke; Andrew Carpenter; Jonathan Williams (2002). The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing. NYU Press. p. 830. ISBN 978-0-8147-9907-9.
- William J. Burling (1992). A Checklist of New Plays and Entertainments on the London Stage, 1700-1737. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 60–62. ISBN 978-0-8386-3451-6.
- Holger Michael Klein; Christopher Norman Smith; Christopher Smith (1994). The Opera and Shakespeare. E. Mellen Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7734-9016-1.
- Cheryl A. Crowley (2007). Haikai Poet Yosa Buson and the Bashō Revival. Brill. p. 35. ISBN 90-04-15709-3.
- Revue d'histoire du droit. Wolters-Noordhoff N.V. 1997. p. 472.