1713 Irish general election

The 1713 Irish general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons. The election took place during a high-point for party politics in Ireland, and saw heavy losses for the Tories and the emergence of a Whiggish majority in the commons.

1713 Irish general election

← 1703 May 1713 1715 →

All 300 seats of the House of Commons
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Speaker William Conolly.jpg James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde by Michael Dahl.jpg
Leader William Conolly Duke of Ormonde
Party Whig Tory
Seats won 151+
Seat change Increase Decrease
Popular vote - -
Percentage - -

ElectionEdit

Since 1703 Irish politics had taken on a far more confrontational hue, with clear party dividing lines being drawn alone Tory-Whig lines, mirroring the division in England (and later Great Britain). Simultaneously Irish politics, like British politics, had come to focus on questions of religion, with the ruling Anglican elite fearing subversion from both the majority Catholic population, and the growing, and equally hostile, Presbyterian population in Ulster.

Irish Whigs advocated protestant unity, seeing Catholics as the greatest threat, and thereby advocated further penal laws. In contrast the Tories regarded Ireland's Catholics as a spent force, and focused their efforts on dealing with Ireland's growing Presbyterian population. The Tories therefore advocated retaining the Sacramental Test clause of the 1704 Popery Act, which excluded from public office those who refused to receive the sacrament in the manners according to the established church,[1] which in Ireland's case was the Anglican Church of Ireland.

Whilst the Tories could rely on support for their views on the Test clause, they were vulnerable on issues relating to succession. Irish public opinion, fearful of a return of the Jacobites, rallied behind the Whigs, ushering in a pro-Hanoverian and anti-ministerial majority in the commons.[2] The Irish Whigs used the popular cry "No peace without Spain" as an electoral slogan.

The voting for the Dublin City constituency was hotly disputed, leading to the Dublin election riot.

Dates of electionEdit

At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sacramental Test in Ireland - Illustrated History of Ireland". www.libraryireland.com.
  2. ^ Hayton, David. The House of Commons, 1690-1715, Volume 1. p. 534.