The decade of the 1700s in archaeology involved some significant events.
- 1704: The Carpentras Stele, inscribed in the Phoenician alphabet, is found in southern France and published by Jean-Pierre Rigord as the first ancient Aramaic inscription ever published in full.
- 1709: The town of Herculaneum is discovered near Pompeii when digging of a well over the ancient amphitheater is attempted.
- 1700: Abraham de la Pryme, "A Letter from the Reverend Mr Abraham de la Pryme, to the Very Reverend Dr G. D. of Y. and F.R.S. concerning Some Roman Antiquities in Lincolnshire", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 22: pp. 561–567
- 1707: Robert Sibbald, Historical inquiries, concerning the Roman monuments and antiquities in the north part of Britain called Scotland
- "Herculaneum - ancient city, Italy". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
- Finnegan, R. (2005). Participating in the Knowledge Society: Researchers Beyond the University Walls. Springer. p. 96. ISBN 9780230523043.
- "François CHARPENTIER - Académie française (In French)". www.academie-francaise.fr. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Lhuyd, Edward". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 20 June 2017.