1706 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1706.
- April 8 – George Farquhar's Restoration comedy The Recruiting Officer is first performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, in London.
- May 23 – The Battle of Ramillies, a victory for the British and their allies under the Duke of Marlborough, inspires several poets.
- c. September – Daniel Defoe is sent to Edinburgh as a government agent to promote ratification of the Treaty of Union between the kingdoms of England and Scotland.
- Philosopher Samuel Clarke attacks the views of Henry Dodwell on the immortality of the soul.
- Anonymous – The Arabian Nights' Entertainments (serial, the first English translation of One Thousand and One Nights, taken from the first French translation)
- Samuel Clarke – A Discourse Concerning the Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion
- Stephen Clay – An Epistle from the Elector of Bavaria to the French King
- Daniel Defoe
- An Essay at Removing National Prejudices Against a Union with Scotland
- A True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs. Veal (attrib)
- John Dennis – Essay on the Operas after the Italian Manner
- White Kennett – The History of England from the Commencement of the Reign of Charles I to the End of William III
- John Locke – Posthumous Works of Mr John Locke
- Simon Ockley – Introductio ad linguas orientates
- Jonathan Swift – Baucis and Philemon
- Matthew Tindal – The Rights of the Christian Church Asserted
- Ned Ward – The London Spy
- Thomas Betterton – The Amorous Widow
- Susanna Centlivre – Love at a Venture
- Colley Cibber – Perolla and Izadora
- Catherine Trotter Cockburn – The Revolution of Sweden
- Antoine Danchet – Cyrus
- Thomas D'Urfey – Wonders in the Sun (opera)
- George Farquhar – The Recruiting Officer
- George Granville – The British Enchanters, or No Magic Like Love
- Delarivière Manley – Almyna, or The Arabian Vow
- Mary Pix (attr.) – The Adventures in Madrid
- Jean-François Regnard – Le Légataire universel (The Residuary Legatee)
- Nicholas Rowe – Ulysses
- John Vanbrugh – The Mistake
- José de Cañizares – El pastelero de Madrigal
- Richard Blackmore – An Advice to the Poets: a poem occasioned by the wonderful success of Her Majesty's arms, under the conduct of the Duke of Marlborough in Flanders
- William Congreve – A Pindarique Ode.... The Conduct of the Duke of Marlborough
- Daniel Defoe
- A Hymn to Peace
- Jure Divino (on divine right)
- The Vision (on national union)
- John Dennis – The Battle of Ramillia
- John Philips – Cerealia: An imitation of Milton
- Matthew Prior – The Squirrel
- Thomas Tickell – Oxford
- Isaac Watts – Horae Lyricae
- January 17 – Benjamin Franklin, American polymath and politician (died 1790)
- February 10 – Benjamin Hoadly, English physician and dramatist (died 1757)
- November 8 – Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German philosopher and jurist (died 1772)
- December 17 – Émilie du Châtelet, French writer and translator (died 1749)
- January 21 – Adrien Baillet, French critic (born 1649)
- February 27 – John Evelyn, English diarist (born 1620)
- August 6 – Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, French natural philosopher (born 1624)
- December 8 – Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye, French historian (born 1634)
- December 28 – Pierre Bayle, French encyclopedist and philosopher (born 1647)
- Unknown dates
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Redgrave, Corin (2003-09-11). "My season with Sam". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Rivers, Isabel (2004). "Watts, Isaac (1674–1748)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28888. Retrieved 2011-12-09. (subscription or UK public library membership required)