16th Chess Olympiad

The 16th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 2 and November 25, 1964, in Tel Aviv, Israel.

An official medal from the Olympiad.
Israeli postal stamp, 1964
David Ben-Gurion presenting the trophy to the winning USSR team

The Soviet team with 6 GMs, led by world champion Petrosian, lived up to expectations and won their seventh consecutive gold medals, with Yugoslavia and West Germany taking the silver and bronze, respectively.

ResultsEdit

PreliminariesEdit

A total of 50 teams entered the competition and were divided into seven preliminary groups of seven or eight teams each. With Australia making its debut, this was the first Olympiad where all six continents were represented. The top two from each group advanced to Final A, the teams placed 3rd-4th to Final B, no. 5-6 to Final C, and the rest to Final D. All preliminary groups and finals were played as round-robin tournaments. The preliminary results were as follows:

  • Group 1:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Soviet Union - 4 4 4 4 4 6 0 0 23½
«A»   Spain ½ - 3 3 4 2 0 14
«B»   Philippines 0 - 2 3 2 1 11
«B»   Chile 0 ½ 2 - 3 3 2 1 10½
«C»    Switzerland 0 - 3 3 0 10½
«C»   Venezuela 0 1 1 - 1 5 0
«D»   South Africa 0 1 - 0 6 0 7
  • Group 2:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Yugoslavia - 2 4 3 4 4 5 0 1 19½
«A»   Netherlands 2 - 2 4 4 4 0 2 19
«B»   Mongolia ½ - 3 4 2 0 14½
«B»   Austria 0 ½ - 3 4 3 3 0 12½
«C»   Mexico 1 2 ½ 1 - 3 2 3 1 10
«C»   India 0 0 1 0 - 2 0 5 1
«D»   Bolivia 0 0 ½ ½ 1 2 - 0 5 1 4
  • Group 3:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Hungary - 3 2 3 4 4 4 5 0 1 20
«A»   Israel 1 - 4 5 1 0 16
«B»   Sweden 2 - 3 3 2 1 15
«B»   Scotland 1 ½ - 3 3 3 3 0 11½
«C»   France 0 1 - 3 3 3 3 0 11
«C»   Ireland 0 0 1 1 - 3 1 5 0
«D»   Luxembourg 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 - 0 6 0 4
  • Group 4:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   United States - 3 4 4 4 6 0 0 21
«A»   Poland - 2 3 3 3 2 1 14½
«B»   England 1 - 2 3 2 1 13
«B»   Norway ½ 2 - 1 2 3 1 11
«C»   Turkey 0 1 ½ 3 - 2 3 2 3 1
«C»   Iran 0 1 2 ½ 2 - 1 3 2 8
«D»   Portugal 0 ½ 1 - 1 5 0 7
  • Group 5:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Romania - 2 4 5 0 1 18
«A»   Czechoslovakia - 3 4 5 1 0 18
«B»   Cuba 2 - ½ 3 2 1 12½
«B»   Paraguay 1 - 1 2 4 0 11
«C»   Colombia ½ ½ 3 - 2 3 2 3 1 10½
«C»   Puerto Rico ½ 0 2 - 2 1 3 2
«D»   Australia 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 2 - 0 5 1
  • Group 6:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Argentina - 2 3 3 3 4 5 0 1 18½
«A»   Canada 2 - 3 4 5 0 1 17½
«B»   East Germany 1 - 3 4 4 4 2 0 17
«B»   Ecuador 1 1 - 3 2 4 0 11½
«C»   Monaco ½ ½ 0 - 2 1 4 1 7
«C»   Iceland 1 1 0 1 - 1 5 0 7
«D»   Uruguay 0 0 ½ ½ 2 - 1 4 1
  • Group 7:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Bulgaria - 2 3 3 4 6 0 1 22½
«A»   West Germany 2 - 2 4 4 5 0 2 22½
«B»   Denmark 1 2 - 2 3 4 4 4 1 2 18½
«B»   Peru ½ ½ - 3 4 4 4 3 0 17
«C»   Finland ½ ½ 2 1 - 4 4 3 3 1 14½
«C»   Greece 1 0 1 ½ - 3 2 5 0
«D»   Dominican Republic ½ ½ 0 0 0 - 3 1 6 0
«D»   Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 - 0 7 0 2

FinalEdit

Final A
# Country Players Points MP Head-
to-head
1   Soviet Union Petrosian, Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Stein, Spassky 36½
2   Yugoslavia Gligorić, Ivkov, Matanović, Parma, Udovčić, Matulović 32
3   West Germany Unzicker, Darga, Schmid, Pfleger, Mohrlok, Bialas 30½
4   Hungary Portisch, Szabó, Bilek, Lengyel, Forintos, Flesch 30
5   Czechoslovakia Pachman, Filip, Hort, Kaválek, Jansa, Blatný 28½
6   United States Reshevsky, Benko, Saidy, Bisguier, Byrne, Addison 27½
7   Bulgaria Padevsky, Tringov, Bobotsov, Popov, Milev, Spiridonov 27 13 3
8   Romania Ghițescu, Gheorghiu, Ciocâltea, Radovici, Mititelu, Botez 27 13 1
9   Argentina Eliskases, García, Schweber, Wexler, Cruz 26
10   Poland Doda, Bednarski, Śliwa, Filipowicz, Balcerowski, Schmidt 24
11   Netherlands Kuijpers, Bouwmeester, Langeweg, Zuidema, Prins 21
12   Canada Yanofsky, Anderson, Vranesic, Macskasy, Suttles, Witt 19
13   Spain Pomar, Medina García, Saborido, Menvielle Laccourreye, Mora, Pérez Gonsalves 17½ 5
14   Israel Porath, Kraidman, Domnitz, Aloni, Guthi, Stepak 17½ 3
Final B
# Country Players Points MP
15   East Germany Uhlmann, Malich, Liebert, Fuchs, Golz, Möhring 38½
16   Sweden Ståhlberg, Johansson, Sköld, Nilsson, Jansson, Fridh 32
17   Denmark Andersen, Kølvig, Brinck-Claussen, Blom, Jakobsen, From 31½
18   England Kottnauer, Clarke, Haygarth, Littlewood, Hindle, Franklin 31
19   Peru Quiñones, Súmar Casis, Ascencios J., Rodríguez Vargas, Pinzón Sánchez, Miranda M. 27½ 15
20   Austria Dückstein, Beni, Prameshuber, Gragger, Stöckl, Winiwarter 27½ 14
21   Cuba Jiménez, José Pérez, Rodríguez Gonzáles, Ortega, García, Cobo 26
22   Norway Johannessen, Zwaig, Hoen, Vinje-Gulbrandsen, Svedenborg, Kristiansen 25½ 14
23   Mongolia Myagmarsuren, Üitümen, Purevzhav, Tsagan T., Chalkhasuren, Namzhil 25½ 13
24   Chile Letelier, Hausman, Vergara, Jauregui, Godoy Bugueño, Espinoza 24
25   Philippines Naranja, Balinas, Borja, Campomanes, Badilles, De Castro 22½
26   Ecuador Yépez, Moritz, Garcés, Ottati, Yepez Obando, Cevallos 18
27   Paraguay Silva, Saguier, Cantero, Gonzáles, Levy, Vely 17½
28   Scotland Fairhurst, Aitken, Fallone, Bonner, Baxter R, Thomson 17
Final C
# Country Players Points MP
29   Iceland Thorsteinsson, Björnsson, Torvaldsson, Kristinsson, Sólmundarson, Kristjánsson 37½
30    Switzerland Kupper, Blau, Bhend, Walther, Roth, Castagna 36½
31   Colombia Cuéllar, Minaya Molano, Cuartas, Tejada H., Fernández, Rodríguez 35 24
32   Finland Kanko, Westerinen, Fred, Niemelä, Rantanen, Ketonen 35 19
33   Venezuela Tapasztó, Villarroel, Caro, Schorr, Hernández, Boucchechter 30½
34   France Boutteville, Mazzoni, Thiellement, Bergraser, Noradounguian, Zinser 29½
35   Greece Paidousis, Kokkoris, Vizantiadis, Hadziotis, Papapostolou, Ornithopoulos 27½
36   Iran Mashian, Kahyai, Jelveh, Safvat, Farboud, Zafaranian 23½
37   India Ali, Aaron, Sakhalkar, Madon, Shukla, Shekhar G. 22
38   Puerto Rico Colón Romero M., Reissmann, Martínez Buitrago, Sitiriche, Sacarello, Cintrón 21½
39   Turkey Süer, Külür, Haralambof, Tebi, Nutku, Bilyap 20½
40   Mexico Aldrete, Camarena, Reza Delón, Delgado, Guerrero, Flores 20
41   Ireland Keogh, Reilly, Murphy P., O'Hare, Cassidy, De Loughrey 13
42   Monaco Casa, Weiss, Rometti, Deslauriers J., Kostjoerin 12
Final D
# Country Players Points
43   Australia Koshnitsky, Hanks, Geus, Fuller, Hay, Viner 22½
44   South Africa Dreyer, Kirby, Rubinsztein, Friedgood, Wolpert, Isaacson 18
45   Bolivia Ramírez, Salazar, Zegada, Carvajal 15½
46   Uruguay Olivera, del Monte, Cabral, Infantozzi, Kalkstein, Weizman 14½
47   Portugal Ribeiro, Durão, Rocha, Santos, Vinagre, Cordovil 14
48   Luxembourg Conrady, Philippe, Schneider, Wantz, Schneider, Thill 12
49   Dominican Republic Peña, Yabra, Guerrero, Sánchez, Castrillón 10½
50   Cyprus Kleopas, Papadopoulos, Hadjikypris, Ioannidis, Lantsias, Zappas 5

Final «A»Edit

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 + = Points
1   Soviet Union - 2 1 4 3 2 4 3 3 10 1 2 36½
2   Yugoslavia 2 - 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 6 1 6 32
3   West Germany 3 2 - 2 2 2 3 1 3 7 2 4 30½
4   Hungary - 2 1 3 2 3 3 2 8 2 3 30
5   Czechoslovakia 2 2 - 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 28½
6   United States 0 2 2 2 - 2 3 7 2 4 27½
7   Bulgaria 1 2 3 2 2 - 3 2 2 3 4 4 5 27
8   Romania 1 1 2 1 - 3 3 3 6 6 1 27
9   Argentina ½ 2 2 2 2 1 - 2 3 3 2 4 3 6 26
10   Poland 2 ½ 2 2 - 3 1 4 6 3 24
11   Netherlands 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 - 3 3 5 8 0 21
12   Canada 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 3 - 2 2 10 1 19
13   Spain ½ 1 3 1 1 2 ½ 2 1 2 - ½ 1 9 3 17½
14   Israel 1 ½ 1 2 ½ 1 1 1 - 1 11 1 17½

Final «B»Edit

Country 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 + = Points
15   East Germany - 2 3 4 1 3 4 11 1 1 38½
16   Sweden 2 - 1 2 2 3 3 4 7 3 3 32
17   Denmark 1 3 - 2 4 2 2 2 2 7 1 5 31½
18   England ½ - 2 3 2 2 3 7 3 3 31
19   Peru 2 - ½ 3 2 3 2 3 6 4 3 27½
20   Austria 2 0 2 - 3 3 2 2 4 5 4 4 27½
21   Cuba ½ 2 1 1 - 2 2 4 4 4 6 3 26
22   Norway 0 2 2 2 2 - 3 2 2 ½ 4 3 6 25½
23   Mongolia 3 ½ 2 2 1 1 1 - 3 2 5 5 3 25½
24   Chile ½ 2 2 2 ½ - 3 3 3 7 3 24
25   Philippines 1 1 ½ 1 1 2 2 1 - 2 4 6 3 22½
26   Ecuador 0 1 2 ½ 0 2 ½ - 3 8 2 18
27   Paraguay ½ 0 ½ 2 0 2 1 ½ - 2 2 8 3 17½
28   Scotland ½ ½ 1 0 1 2 2 - 1 10 2 17

Final «C»Edit

Country 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 + = Points
29   Iceland - 3 3 2 3 2 2 4 4 10 0 3 37½
30    Switzerland 1 - 3 2 4 3 4 3 3 10 2 1 36½
31   Colombia 1 - 3 3 3 4 12 1 0 35
32   Finland 2 - 3 4 3 4 9 3 1 35
33   Venezuela 1 1 - 1 4 3 3 7 6 0 30½
34   France 2 1 3 - 2 2 2 3 3 5 4 4 29½
35   Greece 1 0 2 - 4 2 4 2 3 5 5 3 27½
36   Iran ½ ½ ½ 2 0 - 3 3 2 4 4 7 2 23½
37   India 2 1 1 0 2 2 1 - 2 3 3 6 4 22
38   Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1 2 - 3 4 8 1 21½
39   Turkey ½ 1 1 1 ½ 0 1 - 3 3 2 5 7 1 20½
40   Mexico 2 1 ½ ½ 1 2 2 1 - 2 2 7 4 20
41   Ireland 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 2 - 3 2 10 1 13
42   Monaco 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 2 1 - 0 12 1 12

Final «D»Edit

Country 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 + = Points
43   Australia - 2 4 3 4 6 0 1 22½
44   South Africa 2 - 3 4 5 1 1 18
45   Bolivia 0 - 4 4 3 0 15½
46   Uruguay 1 1 - 2 2 3 3 3 2 2 14½
47   Portugal ½ 2 - 3 3 3 3 1 14
48   Luxembourg ½ 2 1 - 2 2 3 2 12
49   Dominican Republic ½ 1 - 3 1 6 0 10½
50   Cyprus 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 - 0 6 1 5

Individual medalsEdit

At the other end of the spectrum, Milton Ioannidis of Cyprus lost all of his 4 games, giving him a total score at the Olympiads of 0 / 24 = 0.0%.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.