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169th Street station (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

169th Street is a local station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 169th Street and Hillside Avenue in Queens, it is served by the F train at all times and the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction.

 169 Street
 "F" train"F" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Hillside Av 169th St td (2018-08-02) 01 - IND.jpg
The southwest entrance
Station statistics
Address169th Street & Hillside Avenue
Queens, NY 11432
BoroughQueens
LocaleJamaica
Coordinates40°42′38″N 73°47′35″W / 40.710638°N 73.793063°W / 40.710638; -73.793063Coordinates: 40°42′38″N 73°47′35″W / 40.710638°N 73.793063°W / 40.710638; -73.793063
DivisionB (IND)
LineIND Queens Boulevard Line
Services      F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)​
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: Q1, Q2, Airport transportation Q3, Q17, Q30, Q31, Q36, Q43, Q76, Q77
Bus transport NICE Bus: n1, n6, n6X, n22, n22X, n24, n26
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedApril 24, 1937 (82 years ago) (1937-04-24)[1][2]
Station code255[3]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[4][5]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)2,497,336[6]Decrease 5%
Rank188 out of 424
Station succession
Next northJamaica–179th Street: F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
Next southParsons Boulevard: F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction

This station opened on April 24, 1937 as the terminal station of the Independent Subway System's Queens Boulevard Line. This station was heavily used because of the many bus connections available for riders heading further east in Queens. It became the closest subway station to the 165th Street Bus Terminal after the closure, and demolition of the nearby 168th Street BMT station on Jamaica Avenue in 1977.[7][8][9] After the opening of the Archer Avenue lines in 1988, ridership dropped sharply at this station.

HistoryEdit

OpeningEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The Queens Boulevard Line, one of the first built by the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND),[10] opened on August 19, 1933. The eastern terminus was at Roosevelt Avenue, in Jackson Heights.[11] A 3.5-mile (5.6 km) extension from Roosevelt Avenue to Kew Gardens opened on December 31, 1936.[12] On April 24, 1937, the Queens Boulevard Line was extended four stops from its previous terminal at Kew Gardens to a new terminal station at 169th Street.[13][14][15] As a terminal, the station was considered inefficient due to being a local station.[16] As such, trains used both 169th Street and Parsons Boulevard as terminals.[1][2][17]

To alleviate train congestion, the line was planned to be extended to 184th Place with a station at 179th Street with two island platforms, sufficient entrances and exits, and storage for four ten-car trains. The facilities would allow for the operation of express and local service to the station.[18] The extension was completed later than expected and opened on December 11, 1950. This extension was delayed due to the Great Depression and World War II. Both E and F trains were extended to the new station.[19][20] On December 11, 1950, the station ceased to be the line's terminal when the line was extended to Jamaica–179th Street.[17]

Archer Avenue extensionEdit

Before the IND Archer Avenue Line opened on December 11, 1988, all Queens Boulevard express trains (E and F trains) ran to 179th Street, with the E running express along Hillside Avenue (rush hours only) and the F running local.[21] At that time, this station was considered to be the most congested due to the numerous bus lines that either terminated just outside or at the nearby 165th Street Bus Terminal. The station was ill-equipped to handle the high passenger traffic volume transferring between the buses and subway.[22] As a result, bars were installed to each of the seven 179th Street-bound staircases at platform level to "feed" the passengers into the staircase instead of crowding around it.[23]

The opening of the Archer Avenue Line was expected to reduce rush hour ridership at this station from 12,912 to 6,058. The full-time and part-time booths at the station were switched since over half of the remaining riders using the station lived closer to 169th Street. Before the change, most riders came from the Bus Terminal via the 168th Street entrance. The 168th Street booth was made part-time, and the 169th Street booth was made full-time.[24]:12–13

Station layoutEdit

G Street level Exit/entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound local     toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Culver (Parsons Boulevard)
Southbound express   does not stop here (rush hours)
Northbound express   does not stop here (rush hours) →
Northbound local     toward Jamaica–179th Street (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
 
Southbound platform

This station has four tracks and two side platforms.[25] The wall tile trims are orange with black borders while the platform and mezzanine columns are lime green.[26][27][28] The name tablets have "169TH ST." in white lettering on a black background with an orange border.[26] The wall tiles also have small "169" in white lettering on a black background.[29]

The station has a full-length mezzanine above the platforms with a crossover between both platforms.[30][31][32] There are seven sets of stairs to the 179th Street-bound platform and five to the Manhattan-bound platform as the mezzanine gets narrower on that side due to the presence of employee space.[33] Due to low clearance, a "DO NOT JUMP" message in black letters is painted on the white tiles of the ceiling above one of the 179th Street-bound staircases.[34]

ExitsEdit

There are two fare control areas at either end, with the full-time entrance located at 169th Street since 1988 when the Archer Avenue lines opened, dramatically reducing ridership at this station. The part-time entrance is at 168th Street; this was the full-time entrance until 1988.[24]:12–13 At each entrance, staircases go up to all four corners of the street's intersection with Hillside Avenue.[7][30] As originally built, the station had staffed token booths at both fare control areas.[30]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24" (PDF). The New York Times. March 17, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Trial Run to Jamaica on Subway Tomorrow: Section From Kew Gardens to 169th Street Will Open to Public in Two Weeks" (PDF). The New York Times. April 9, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  5. ^ More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
  6. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "169th Street Neighborhood Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  8. ^ "Jamaica's Bus Terminal Open: Bee Line and Four Shops Lease Space-Centrally Located". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 16, 1936. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  9. ^ Dembart, Lee (September 9, 1977). "A Sentimental Journey on the BMT..." (PDF). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  10. ^ "New Subway Routes In Hylan Program To Cost $186,046,000" (PDF). The New York Times. March 21, 1925. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  11. ^ "Two Subway Links Opened In Queens". The New York Times. August 19, 1933. p. 13. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  12. ^ "City Subway Opens Queens Link Today". The New York Times. December 31, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  13. ^ "New Subway Link to Jamaica Opened; La Guardia, City Officials and Civic Groups Make Trial Run on 10-Car Train". The New York Times. April 25, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  14. ^ * "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24" (PDF). The New York Times. March 17, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  15. ^ Report, Including Analysis of Operations of the New York City Transit System: For Five Years Ended June 30, 1945. New York City Board of Transportation. 1945. p. 123.
  16. ^ "Extension of Subway Made 'Mus': 184th Street Service Heads City's Transit Construction List". Long Island Daily Press. July 26, 1941. p. 1. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  17. ^ a b "New Subway Link Opening in Queens" (PDF). The New York Times. December 12, 1950. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  18. ^ Report including analysis of operations of the New York City transit system for five years, ended June 30, 1945. New York City Board of Transportation. 1945. p. 123.
  19. ^ "Subway Link Opens Monday" (PDF). The New York Times. December 6, 1950. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  20. ^
  21. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
  22. ^ Levine, Richard (February 7, 1987). "M.T.A. Proposes Opening 63d Street Tunnel in '89". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  23. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "A head on view of a street stair on the 169 St-bound platform with the strange metal railings". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Archer Avenue Corridor Transit Service Proposal". New York City Transit Authority, Operations Planning Department. August 1988. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  25. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ a b Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "A 169 St name tablet with the text for the 168 St exit and Queens Public library sign above it". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  27. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "Looking down the long mezzanine at 169 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  28. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "A head on view of a street stair on the 169 St-bound platform with the strange metal railings". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  29. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "The view passed a railing an down the 169 St platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  30. ^ a b c Marks, Seymour (January 20, 1959). "Phantom Subway: Ideal Spot to Park". Long Island Star-Journal. p. 3. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  31. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 2, 2008). "A sign on the mezzanine pointing to the two exits at 169 Street and 168 Street that includes all the connecting bus lines that stop at the station". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  32. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 5, 2011). "Looking down the long mezzanine at 169 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  33. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (January 10, 2011). "Looking down the mezzanine at 169 St passed the portion that has turned into a non-public room above the Manhattan-bound platform only". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  34. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 2, 2008). "Very old DO NOT JUMP text is still just above a staircase down to the Queens 179 St platform at 169 St". subwaynut.com. Retrieved August 26, 2019.

External linksEdit