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Events from the year 1662 in China.

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1662
in
China

Decades:
See also:Other events of 1662
History of China  • Timeline  • Years

Contents

IncumbentsEdit

EventsEdit

  • February 1 — Siege of Fort Zeelandia concludes with Dutch forces in Taiwan surrendering to Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga)
  • February 18 — The Kangxi era begins with the start of the following Lunar Year
  • Spring — the regents ordered a Great Clearance in southern China that evacuated the entire population from the seacoast to counter a resistance movement started by Ming loyalists under the leadership of Taiwan-based Ming general Koxinga, also known as Zheng Chenggong
  • June 1 — Zhu Youlang, the Yongli Emperor of Southern Ming, is captured in killed by forces led by Wu Sangui, while in Toungoo dynasty-ruled Burma[1]. The last of the Ming dynasty pretenders have been defeated.
  • June 23 — Koxinga dies in Anping, Taiwan of Malaria, his son Zheng Jing takes over the Zheng regime, later leading the remaining 7,000 Ming loyalist troops to Taiwan
  • An imperial edict banning footbinding is put in place. This is the first one imposed on all of China[2]
  • For his efforts defeating Ming loyalist forces, Wu Sangui is rewarded with the title of Pingxi Wang (平西王; translated as "Prince Who Pacifies the West" or "King Who Pacifies the West") with a fief in Yunnan by the Qing imperial court, Guizhou is added to his domain later that year[citation needed][3]
  • Kaifeng repopulated after most residents are killed in the devastating 1642 man-made flood designed to lift the siege from Li Zicheng’s rebel forces
  • Sino-Russian border conflicts

BirthsEdit

  • ShanxiCao Ji Wu (曹繼武, 1662-1722), a master of the internal martial art of Xinyi (Heart and Intention Boxing), precursor of Xingyi (Form and Intention Boxing)[4]
  • XiamenZheng Kezang (鄭克𡒉 1662-1681), the crown prince and regency of Kingdom of Tungning. Kezhang was the eldest son of Zheng Jing and Chen Zhao-niang, and his grandparents were Koxinga and Princess Dong
  • Tian Wenjing (田文鏡; 1662 – 1732), styled Yiguang (抑光), a prominent mandarin who lived during the reign of the Kangxi and Yongzheng Emperors of the Qing Dynasty[5]

DeathsEdit

  • June 23 — Koxinga (國姓爺), Zheng Chenggong (鄭成功), Prince of Yanping (1624 – 1662), was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast
  • Ji Jike (姬際可, 1588–1662) — a highly accomplished martial artist from Yongji, Shanxi Province. Also known as Ji Longfeng (Chinese: 姬龍峰), he is widely considered to be the originator of the internal martial art of Xingyiquan
  • Empress Xiaogangkuang (died 1662) — a Chinese Empress consort of the Southern Ming Dynasty, empress to the Yongli Emperor
  • Li Dingguo (李定國, 1621 – 1662) — a military general who fought for the Southern Ming against the Qing Dynasty
  • Zhu Yihai (朱以海, 1618–1662) — ruled as the Gengyin Emperor (庚寅) of the Southern Ming Dynasty from reigning from 1645 to 1655

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Struve, Lynn (1988), "The Southern Ming", in Frederic W. Mote; Denis Twitchett; John King Fairbank (eds.), Cambridge History of China, Volume 7, The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 710
  2. ^ Life in the imperial court of Qing dynasty China - Page P-107
  3. ^ Dzengseo (2007). The Diary of a Manchu Soldier in Seventeenth-Century China: "My Service in the Army". Translated by Di Cosmo, Nicola. p. 11.
  4. ^ "Historical Origins of Xingyi Quan". Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  5. ^ "Who was Tian Wenjing?".