This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1643.
- May/June – René Descartes, having had his philosophy condemned by the University of Utrecht, begins his long correspondence with Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia.
- June 16 – The Parliament of England issues the Licensing Order of 1643 to control the press – the action against which John Milton protests in his Areopagitica of the following year.
- August 1 – The first of Milton's divorce tracts is published, anonymously and unlicensed.
- unknown dates
- Cardinal Mazarin opens the Bibliothèque Mazarine in Paris to scholars.
- The medieval Icelandic manuscript Codex Regius comes to light, in the possession of Bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson.
- Miyamoto Musashi begins dictating The Book of Five Rings (Go Rin No Sho).
- Francis Bacon's New Atlantis and Tommaso Campanella's Civitas Solis, The City of the Sun, are published together in a volume titled Mundus Alter et Idem – the first time, though not the last, that the two works will be bound together.
- Sir Thomas Browne – Religio Medici (first "authorized" edition, after two unauthorized in the previous year)
- Sir Kenelm Digby – Observations Upon Religio Medici
- Philip Hunton – A Treatise of Monarchie
- John Milton – Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce
- Roger Williams – A Key into the Language of America
- Pedro Agerre (Axular) – Gero
- Pierre Corneille
- Le Menteur
- Sir William Davenant – The Unfortunate Lovers published
- Claude de L'Estoile – La Belle Esclave (The Beautiful Slave)
- Francisco de Quevedo
- Entremés de las sombras
- La mujer de Peribáñez
- Ramillete gracioso
- Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant – Albion
- March 26 – Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist and priest (died 1680)
- September 18 – Gilbert Burnet, Scottish historian and bishop (died 1715)
- November 1 – John Strype, English historian, biographer and cleric (died 1737)
- November 16 – Jean Chardin, French travel writer (died 1713)
- unknown date – Thomas Rymer, English Historiographer Royal (died 1713)
- February 9 – Sidney Godolphin, English poet (born 1610)
- April 4 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (born 1583)
- April 12 – Nicolaus Hunnius, German theologian (born 1585)
- April 20 – Christoph Demantius, German poet and composer (born 1567)
- November 29 – William Cartwright, English poet, dramatist and cleric (born 1611)
- unknown dates
- Daniel Garber; Professor of Philosophy Daniel Garber; Garber Daniel (2001). Descartes Embodied: Reading Cartesian Philosophy Through Cartesian Science. Cambridge University Press. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-521-78973-8.
- Rita Benton (1983). Directory of Music Research Libraries: pt. 1. France, Finland, United Kingdom, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Netherland, Portugal, Sweden. Bärenreiter. p. 383. ISBN 978-3-7618-1482-6.
- T. E. S. Clarke; H. C. Foxcroft (2 April 2015). A Life of Gilbert Burnet. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-107-49501-2.