1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius

In December 1631, Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupted. The eruption began on 16 December 1631 and culminated the day after.[1] The Volcanic Explosivity Index was VEI-5, and it was a Plinian eruption that buried many villages under the resulting lava flows.[2] It is estimated that between 4,000 people were killed by the eruption, making it the highest death toll for a volcanic disaster in the Mediterranean in the last 1800 years.[citation needed] The 1631 eruption was considered to be of minor proportions regarding its eruptive magnitude and erupted volumes compared to the AD 79 eruption, but the damage was not.[citation needed] By the 1631 eruption, the summit of Mount Vesuvius had been reduced by 450m, making its total height lower than that of Mount Somma.[3]

1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Domenico Gargiulo - The eruption of the Vesuvius in 1631.JPG
Domenico Gargiulo - The eruption of the Vesuvius in 1631
VolcanoMount Vesuvius
Start time16 December, 1631
End time31 January, 1632?
TypePlinian eruption
LocationCampania, Italy
ImpactAt least 4,000 people were killed

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Vesuvio: The eruption of 1631". www.geo.mtu.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "This Day in History: Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 1631 | NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)". www.nesdis.noaa.gov. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Vesuvio79". sakuya.vulcania.jp. Retrieved 3 April 2021.