1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius

In December 1631, Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupted. The eruption began on 16 December 1631 and culminated the day after.[1] The Volcanic Explosivity Index was VEI-5, and it was a Plinian eruption that buried many villages under the resulting lava flows.[2] It is estimated that between 4,000 people were killed by the eruption, making it the highest death toll for a volcanic disaster in the Mediterranean in the last 1800 years.[citation needed] The 1631 eruption was considered to be of minor proportions regarding its eruptive magnitude and erupted volumes compared to the AD 79 eruption, but the damage was not.[citation needed] By the 1631 eruption, the summit of Mount Vesuvius had been reduced by 450m, making its total height lower than that of Mount Somma.[3]

1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Domenico Gargiulo - The eruption of the Vesuvius in 1631.JPG
Domenico Gargiulo - The eruption of the Vesuvius in 1631
VolcanoMount Vesuvius
Start time16 December, 1631
End time31 January, 1632?
TypePlinian eruption
LocationCampania, Italy
VEI5
ImpactAt least 4,000 people were killed

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Vesuvio: The eruption of 1631". www.geo.mtu.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "This Day in History: Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 1631 | NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)". www.nesdis.noaa.gov. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Vesuvio79". sakuya.vulcania.jp. Retrieved 3 April 2021.