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14th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, traveling between Eleventh Avenue on Manhattan's West Side and Avenue C on Manhattan's East Side. It forms a boundary between several neighborhoods and is sometimes considered the border between Lower Manhattan and Midtown Manhattan.

14th Street
NYC 14th Street looking west 12 2005.jpg
14th Street looking west from Fifth Avenue
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length2.0 mi[1] (3.2 km)
LocationManhattan, New York City
Postal code10014, 10011, 10003, 10009
Coordinates40°44′09″N 73°59′34″W / 40.7357°N 73.9929°W / 40.7357; -73.9929Coordinates: 40°44′09″N 73°59′34″W / 40.7357°N 73.9929°W / 40.7357; -73.9929
West end NY 9A (11th Avenue) in Chelsea / Meatpacking
East endAvenue C in East Village / Stuyvesant Town
North15th Street
South13th Street
Construction
CommissionedMarch 1811

At Broadway, 14th Street forms the southern boundary of Union Square. It is also considered the northern boundary of Greenwich Village, Alphabet City, and the East Village, and the southern boundary of Chelsea, Flatiron/Lower Midtown, and Gramercy. West of Third Avenue, 14th Street marks the southern terminus of western Manhattan's grid system. North of 14th Street, the streets make up a near-perfect grid that runs in numerical order. South of 14th, the grid continues in the East Village almost perfectly, but not so in Greenwich Village, where an older and less uniform grid plan applies.

In the earlier history of New York City 14th Street was an upscale location, but it lost its glamour and status as the city grew northward. Currently it is primarily zoned as a commercial street.[2]

HistoryEdit

The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 as the southernmost of 15 east–west streets that would be 100 feet (30 m) in width (while other streets were designated as 60 feet (18 m) wide).[3]

DescriptionEdit

West 14th Street begins at an interchange with New York State Route 9A northeast of Greenwich Village.[4] At the end of the interchange, it intersects with 10th Avenue. The street continues east, intersecting with Washington Street, Ninth Avenue/Hudson Street, Eighth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Sixth Avenue, and Fifth Avenue.[4] After Fifth Avenue, West 14th Street becomes East 14th Street and goes on to form the southern border of Union Square between University Place and Fourth Avenue. East of Fourth Avenue, 14th Street forms the southern end of Irving Place, a north-south road that terminates at Gramercy Park. 14th Street then intersects with Third Avenue, which forms the border between the neighborhoods of the East Village to the south and Gramercy to the north. The street goes on to intersect with Second Avenue.[4] At First Avenue, 14th Street widens from a four-lane road to a six-lane divided boulevard with a westbound service road. It then intersects with the main thoroughfares of Alphabet City: Avenue A, Avenue B, and Avenue C, where the street terminates. It formerly terminated at FDR Drive via an on-ramp to the southbound FDR before the September 11 attacks, when the New York Police Department vacated the portion between Avenue C and FDR due to the presence of the nearby ConEdison East River Generating Station along 14th and 15th Streets as a possible terrorist target.[4]

Starting in July 2019, vehicle restrictions will be enacted on 14th Street between Third and Ninth Avenues from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. daily.[5][6] The only vehicles that could use the busway would be buses, trucks making deliveries on 14th Street, emergency and Access-A-Ride vehicles, and local traffic traveling for no more than one block.[7]:63–64

Public transportationEdit

14th Street is well served by the New York City Subway. The BMT Canarsie Line (L train) runs underneath 14th Street from Eighth Avenue to the East River, stopping at Eighth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Union Square, Third Avenue, and First Avenue. Additionally, every line that crosses 14th Street has a stop there:[8]

A station at Second Avenue and 14th Street is planned as part of Phase 3 of the Second Avenue Subway, which is currently unfunded.[9]

PATH also makes a stop at 14th Street at its intersection with Sixth Avenue.[10]

In the past, every former IRT elevated line had a station at 14th Street:

Two New York City Bus routes serve the entire street, the M14A and M14D.[11]

Bus rapid transitEdit

Alongside the Canarsie Tunnel closure between 2019 and 2020, the New York City Department of Transportation planned to convert 14th Street between Third and Ninth Avenues into a bus-only corridor during rush hours. A new Select Bus Service bus rapid transit route was to be implemented across 14th Street.[12][13][14] At the time, the M14A/D routes were among the busiest and slowest NYCT bus routes.[15] The M14A/D were converted to Select Bus Service routes on July 1, 2019.[5][6]

The 14th Street busway was inspired by a successful project on Toronto's King Street, which sped up transit times for transit riders on the 504 King streetcar route, the Toronto Transit Commission's busiest surface route.[16] As part of the busway plan, the only vehicles that could use the busway, between 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. daily, would be buses, trucks making deliveries on 14th Street, emergency and Access-A-Ride vehicles. Local traffic would be required to turn off 14th Street at the next intersection.[7]:63–64 Arthur Schwartz, a lawyer who lives on nearby 12th Street, blocked the plan[17][15] by filing several injunctions to halt its implementation.[18][19][17]  As a result, the busway was not implemented as scheduled in July 2019.[20][21] The implementation of the busway was pushed back to August 2019,[16][18] before being prevented once again, pending an appeal.[19][17]

Points of interestEdit

From west to east, points of interest include:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Google (August 31, 2015). "14th Street (Manhattan)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  2. ^ "NYC's Zoning & Land Use Map". ZoLa. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  3. ^ Morris, Gouverneur, De Witt, Simeon, and Rutherford, John [sic] (March 1811) "Remarks Of The Commissioners For Laying Out Streets And Roads In The City Of New York, Under The Act Of April 3, 1807" Archived June 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Cornell University Library. Accessed June 27, 2016. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five--the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
  4. ^ a b c d Google (July 20, 2007). "14th Street - New York City" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 20, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Commuter Alert: Most Of 14th Street Will Be Closed To Cars Most Of The Time Starting July 1". CBS New York. June 11, 2019. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Spivack, Caroline (June 11, 2019). "Dedicated busway on 14th Street will roll out on July 1". Curbed NY. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  7. ^ a b New York City Transit Authority (July 2018). "MTA New York City Transit Canarsie Tunnel Project Supplemental Environmental Assessment and Section 4(f) Review: Appendices" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 27, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  8. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Second Avenue Subway Map Archived July 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, MTA's website
  10. ^ "14th Street Station - PATH". The Port Authority of NY & NJ. Archived from the original on August 6, 2018. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  11. ^ "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  12. ^ "L train shutdown to close portion of 14th Street to cars during rush hour: MTA". New York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV. December 13, 2017. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  13. ^ Walker, Ameena (December 13, 2017). "Long-awaited L train shutdown plan finally released". Curbed NY. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  14. ^ Nir, Sarah Maslin (December 13, 2017). "Rerouting Thousands: City Plans for L Train Closure". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  15. ^ a b Kabak, Benjamin (August 20, 2019). "The 14th Street busway fight could determine NYC's transit future". Curbed NY. Archived from the original on August 20, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  16. ^ a b Hu, Winnie (August 8, 2019). "Major Traffic Experiment in N.Y.C.: Cars All but Banned on Major Street". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on August 8, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  17. ^ a b c Spivack, Caroline (August 9, 2019). "Judge hits brakes on 14th Street busway—again". Curbed NY. Archived from the original on August 11, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Court: 14th St. car ban can start". The Villager. August 7, 2019. Archived from the original on August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  19. ^ a b Lee, Vivian (August 10, 2019). "Ban on Most Cars on 14th Street Delayed Amid Last-Minute Appeal". Spectrum News NY1 | New York City. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  20. ^ "14th Street busway supporters slam lawsuit as classist". am New York. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  21. ^ Spivack, Caroline (June 28, 2019). "14th Street busway blocked by judge". Curbed NY. Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  22. ^ Berg, J.C. (January 9, 2011). The Fourteenth Street Theater Archived May 26, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, nycvintageimages.com
  23. ^ Cooper, Lee E. (March 1, 1938). "Old Fourteenth St. Theatre to Pass Into Hands of Wreckers on Monday". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.

External linksEdit