14th Chess Olympiad

The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.

The official poster of the Olympiad

The Soviet team with six grandmasters, led by world champion Mikhail Tal, lived up to expectations and won their fifth consecutive gold medals, with the United States and Yugoslavia taking the silver and bronze, respectively. In a reversal of fortune from the previous Olympiad, the East German hosts finished 9th, right behind rivals West Germany. Unlike the last time, however, the match between the two was a tight affair that ended in a 2–2 draw.

ResultsEdit

PreliminariesEdit

A total of 40 teams entered the competition and were divided into four preliminary groups of 10 teams each. The top three from each group advanced to Final A, the teams placed 4th–6th to Final B, and the rest to Final C. All preliminary groups as well as Finals A and B were played as round-robin tournaments, while Final C with 16 teams was played as an 11-round Swiss system tournament.

Group 1 was won by the Bulgaria, ahead of Yugoslavia and the host nation. Norway, Finland, and Israel took the places 4–6, while Indonesia, France, Albania, and Malta finished at the bottom of the group.

The Soviet Union took first place in group 2, well ahead of Argentina and the Netherlands. Poland, Austria, and India made up the middle part of the group, while Portugal, the Philippines, Italy, and Monaco had to settle for the bottom.

Group 3 was won by England, ahead of Czechoslovakia and Hungary. The three Nordic nations Sweden, Denmark, and Iceland had to settle for Final B. Meanwhile, Mongolia, Tunisia, Greece, and Bolivia finished at the bottom of the group.

The United States clinched group 4, ahead of West Germany and Romania. Spain, Chile, and Cuba made up the middle part of the group, while Belgium, Ecuador, Ireland, and Lebanon completed the field.

  • Group 1:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 + = Points
«A»   Bulgaria - 2 2 3 3 4 7 0 2 27
«A»   Yugoslavia 2 - 2 2 3 2 3 4 4 4 5 0 4 26
«A»   East Germany 2 2 - 3 2 3 4 3 6 0 3 25
«B»   Norway 1 2 - 1 2 2 4 3 4 3 3 3 20½
«B»   Finland ½ 1 ½ 3 - 3 4 6 3 0 19½
«B»   Israel 2 1 2 - 3 4 3 4 2 19
«C»   Indonesia 1 1 2 2 - 3 4 3 4 2 18½
«C»   France ½ 0 1 0 1 - 1 2 7 0 11
«C»   Albania 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 - 3 2 7 0 10½
«C»   Malta ½ 0 1 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 - 0 9 0 3
  • Group 2:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 + = Points
«A»   Soviet Union - 3 4 3 4 4 9 0 0 32
«A»   Argentina ½ - 3 2 3 4 4 6 2 1 25
«A»   Netherlands 1 ½ - 4 6 3 0 23½
«B»   Poland ½ 1 - 3 3 2 6 2 1 21½
«B»   Austria ½ ½ - 2 1 4 4 4 1 19
«B»   India 0 2 ½ ½ - 2 4 3 4 2 15½
«C»   Portugal ½ ½ ½ 1 2 - 3 2 2 5 2 14½
«C»   Philippines 1 1 ½ 1 3 1 - 2 2 6 1 13½
«C»   Italy 0 0 ½ 2 ½ 2 2 - 1 5 3 12
«C»   Monaco 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 2 ½ - 0 8 1
  • Group 3:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 + = Points
«A»   England - 2 3 4 4 4 7 1 1 28
«A»   Czechoslovakia - 2 4 4 7 1 1 28
«A»   Hungary 2 - 3 3 3 4 8 0 1 27
«B»   Sweden 2 0 1 - 2 4 3 4 5 2 2 23
«B»   Denmark ½ ½ 2 - 0 3 4 3 5 1 16½
«B»   Iceland ½ ½ ½ ½ - 3 3 3 5 4 0 16
«C»   Mongolia 1 1 ½ ½ - 3 3 3 6 0 15½
«C»   Tunisia 0 ½ 1 0 4 1 1 - 4 3 6 0 14
«C»   Greece 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ - 1 0 0 9 7
«C»   Bolivia 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3 - 1 8 0 5
  • Group 4:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 + = Points
«A»   United States - 3 4 3 4 4 9 0 0 29
«A»   West Germany - 2 3 3 4 4 4 6 2 1 25½
«A»   Romania 1 - 2 1 3 4 4 4 6 2 1 24
«B»   Spain 2 2 - 2 3 2 4 4 1 4 23½
«B»   Chile 0 1 3 2 - 4 6 2 1 22
«B»   Cuba 1 1 1 1 - 3 4 4 4 5 0 19
«C»   Belgium ½ 2 1 - 2 3 4 2 5 2 17
«C»   Ecuador 0 0 0 ½ 2 - 3 2 6 1 12
«C»   Ireland 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 ½ - 1 8 0 6
«C»   Lebanon 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 1 ½ - 0 9 0 2

FinalEdit

 
Bobby Fischer and Mikhail Tal at the Olympiad
Final A
# Country Players Points MP
1   Soviet Union Tal, Botvinnik, Keres, Korchnoi, Smyslov, Petrosian 34
2   United States Fischer, Lombardy, Byrne, Bisguier, Rossolimo, Weinstein 29
3   Yugoslavia Gligorić, Matanović, Ivkov, Bertok, Damjanović, Vukčević 27
4   Hungary Szabó, Portisch, Barcza, Bilek, Lengyel, Kluger, 22½
5   Czechoslovakia Pachman, Filip, Fichtl, Hort, Kozma, Ujtelky 21½
6   Bulgaria Bobotsov, Padevsky, Neikirch, Kolarov, Minev, Milev 21
7   Argentina Najdorf, Eliskases, Wexler, Bazán, Schweber, Foguelman 20½
8   West Germany Unzicker, Schmid, Darga, Lehmann, Bialas, Pfeiffer 19½
9   East Germany Uhlmann, Pietzsch, Malich, Dittmann, Fuchs, Golz 19
10   Netherlands Euwe, Donner, Bouwmeester, Prins, Kramer, Langeweg 17
11   Romania Ghițescu, Drimer, Radovici, Mititelu, Troianescu, Szabó 16½ 7
12   England Penrose, Golombek, Clarke, Haygarth, Barden, Wade 16½ 4
Final B
# Country Players Points MP HTH
13   Sweden Ståhlberg, Lundin, Johansson, Nilsson, Sköld, Buskenström 27½
14   Israel Porat, Czerniak, Aloni, Persitz, Kraidman, Guthi 26½
15   Austria Robatsch, Beni, Lokvenc, Janetschek, Kaliwoda, Groiss 24½
16   Denmark Nielsen, Kølvig, Holm, Blom, Jensen, From 23½ 13 3
17   Finland Ojanen, Böök, Rantanen, Räisä, Fred, Niemelä 23½ 13 1
18   Cuba Jiménez, Cobo, Gonzáles, García, De Cardenas 23 11
19   Norway Johannessen, de Lange, Lindblom, Hoen, Svenneby, Myhre 23 10
20   Spain Pérez, Pomar, Torán, Mallofré, del Corral, Pulido 22½
21   Poland Śliwa, Plater, Tarnowski, Doda, Kostro, Filipowicz 22
22   Chile Letelier, Cadaiz, Hausman, Romo, Rojas 19½
23   Iceland Thorbergsson, Guðmundsson, Gunnarsson, Magnússon, Sólmundarson, Lárusson 16½
24   India Aaron, Sapre, Wahi, Seth 12
Final C
# Country Players Points MP
25   Philippines Campomanes, Borja, Naranja, Reyes, De Castro, Villanueva, Avecilla[2] 28½
26   Indonesia Wotulo, Bachtiar, Baswedan, Tan, Panggabean 27½ 17
27   Mongolia Namzhil, Momo, Chalkhasuren, Myagmarsuren, Baldandorsh, Badamgarav G. 27½ 15
28   Albania Pustina, Hoxha, Konçi, Veizaj, Omari 26½
29   Ecuador Muñoz, Aguirre, Morales, Yépez, Garcés, Klein 26
30   Portugal Durão, Ribeiro, Gonçalves, De Oliveira, Rocha, Cardoso 25 15
31   France Boutteville, Noradounguian, Bergraser, Casa, Linais, Cormier 25 13
32   Italy Contedini, Tamburini, Palmiotto, Magrin, Mercuri 24
33   Belgium O'Kelly, Thibaut, Dunkelblum, Van Schoor, Franck, Blockx 23½
34   Tunisia Belkadi, Lagha, Kahia, Mohsen, Kchouk, Ben Cheik 21½
35   Greece Anastasopoulos, Aggos, Papapostolou, Paidousis, Kapralos 20½
36   Bolivia Humerez, Villegas, Mendivil, Salazar, Soruco 19½
37   Monaco Kostjoerin, Fauconnier, Perrottey, d'Auriac, Renoy-Chevrier, Deslauriers J. 17½
38   Ireland Reilly, Littleton, O'Hare, Nash, Cassidy 17
39   Malta Camilleri, Soler, Gouder, Fenech, Cuschieri, Dingli 14
40   Lebanon Chalabi, Salameh, Gabriel, Galeb, Tarazi, Batlouni, Allam[3]

Final A

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 + = Points
1   Soviet Union - 3 4 3 3 3 11 0 0 34
2   United States - 2 8 2 1 29
3   Yugoslavia - 3 2 3 8 2 1 27
4   Hungary ½ - 2 2 5 4 2 22½
5   Czechoslovakia 1 1 - 2 2 2 2 4 3 4 21½
6   Bulgaria 0 ½ 2 2 - 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 6 21
7   Argentina ½ 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 3 6 20½
8   West Germany ½ ½ 2 2 - 2 3 2 3 2 5 4 19½
9   East Germany 1 ½ 2 2 2 2 2 - 1 1 5 5 19
10   Netherlands ½ 1 2 1 1 - 2 2 7 2 17
11   Romania 1 ½ ½ 0 2 2 3 - 2 2 6 3 16½
12   England 1 2 2 1 ½ 2 2 - 0 7 4 16½

Final B

Country 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 + = Points
13   Sweden - 2 2 3 2 3 3 8 0 3 27½
14   Israel 2 - 2 2 2 3 4 5 2 4 26½
15   Austria - 3 2 1 3 3 2 6 3 2 24½
16   Denmark 2 2 - 3 2 2 1 2 3 4 2 5 23½
17   Finland 1 1 1 - 3 3 2 3 3 6 4 1 23½
18   Cuba 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 2 7 23
19   Norway 2 3 2 1 - 4 4 5 2 23
20   Spain 2 3 1 2 - 2 3 4 4 3 22½
21   Poland 1 2 2 - 1 3 5 4 2 22
22   Chile 1 ½ 1 2 2 2 3 - 2 6 3 19½
23   Iceland 1 1 1 2 1 - 1 2 8 1 16½
24   India 0 2 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 3 - 1 9 1 12

Final C

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 + = Points
25   Philippines 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 1 4 7 1 3 28½
31 27 30 34 26 28 32 35 29 33 38
26   India 2 1 2 2 7 1 3 27½
33 29 28 30 25 32 31 27 35 34 36
27   Mongolia 1 2 2 3 2 3 4 3 6 2 3 27½
40 25 34 31 29 30 33 26 28 36 35
28   Albania 2 ½ 3 1 4 7 3 1 26½
32 35 26 39 33 25 30 31 27 38 34
29   Ecuador 3 2 2 2 2 2 4 5 1 5 26
34 26 33 32 27 35 38 37 25 40 39
30   Portugal 3 3 2 ½ ½ 3 4 7 3 1 25
37 38 25 26 35 27 28 36 40 39 33
31   France 1 3 2 3 3 6 4 1 25
25 39 35 27 36 34 26 28 38 32 37
32   Italy 1 4 2 6 4 1 24
28 37 38 29 34 26 25 39 36 31 40
33   Belgium 3 2 2 1 1 3 3 3 5 4 2 23½
26 36 29 35 28 39 27 40 37 25 30
34   Tunisia 1 4 2 2 1 2 3 5 3 21½
29 40 27 25 32 31 37 38 39 26 28
35   Greece 2 2 2 2 1 ½ 1 3 4 4 20½
36 28 31 33 30 29 40 25 26 37 27
36   Bolivia 1 3 3 ½ 2 2 2 0 2 3 4 4 19½
35 33 37 38 31 40 39 30 32 27 26
37   Monaco 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 8 1 17½
30 32 36 40 39 38 34 29 33 35 31
38   Ireland 3 1 1 3 3 0 0 3 8 0 17
39 30 32 36 40 37 29 34 31 28 25
39   Malta 1 1 ½ 2 0 0 1 9 1 14
38 31 40 28 37 33 36 32 34 30 29
40   Lebanon ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 2 ½ 1 1 0 0 10 1
27 34 39 37 38 36 35 33 30 29 32

Individual medalsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.
  2. ^ The extra team-member was allowed to replace withdrawn player on a basis of special permission granted by organizing committee.
  3. ^ The extra team-member was allowed to replace withdrawn player on a basis of special permission granted by organizing committee.

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