|Ab urbe condita||2211|
|Balinese saka calendar||1379–1380|
|English Regnal year||36 Hen. 6 – 37 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)|
4154 or 4094
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4155 or 4095
|- Vikram Samvat||1514–1515|
|- Shaka Samvat||1379–1380|
|- Kali Yuga||4558–4559|
|Japanese calendar||Chōroku 2|
|Minguo calendar||454 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2000–2001|
1584 or 1203 or 431
— to —
1585 or 1204 or 432
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1458.|
- January 24 – Matthias Corvinus becomes king of Hungary, at age 14.
- March 25 – The Love Day is staged in London, by which Henry VI of England attempts to unite the warring factions who have triggered the War of the Roses.
- August 19 – Pope Pius II succeeds Pope Callixtus III, as the 210th pope.
- October 24 – King Afonso V of Portugal conquers Ksar es-Seghir, in North Africa.
- Magdalen College, Oxford, is founded.
- George of Poděbrady becomes king of Bohemia.
- The Ottoman authorities issue a decree to protect the Acropolis, after they conquer Athens.
- The Jewish community is expelled from Erfurt (Germany); their houses are sold, and the synagogue turned into an arsenal.
- Moctezuma I, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlán, leads an expedition to the city-state Coixtlahuaca in Mixtec territory, but is defeated.
- A major volcano erupts from the Kuwae caldera, in the Pacific Ocean.
- February 15 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
- April 9 – Camilla Battista da Varano, Italian saint (d. 1524)
- April 13 – John II, Duke of Cleves (d. 1521)
- May 2 – Eleanor of Viseu, Portuguese princess and later Queen of Portugal (d. 1525)
- August 18 – Lorenzo Pucci, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1531)
- October 3 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland and Duke of Lithuania (d. 1484)
- October 16 – Adolph II, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, German prince (d. 1526)
- December 25 – Amago Tsunehisa, Japanese warlord (d. 1541)
- date unknown
- January 17 – Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse, Landgrave of Hesse (1413-1458) (b. 1402)
- February 20 – Lazar Branković, Despot of Serbia
- March 25 – Íñigo López de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Santillana, Spanish poet (b. 1398)
- April 11 – Helena Palaiologina, Queen of Cyprus (b. 1428)
- June 27 – King Alfonso V of Aragon (b. 1396)
- July 28 – John II of Cyprus
- August 6 – Pope Callixtus III (b. 1378)
- September 7 – Maria of Castile, Queen of Aragon, Queen consort of Aragon and Naples (b. 1401)
- December 26 – Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1393)
- date unknown – Isabelle Romée, mother of Joan of Arc
- Vasconcelos e Sousa, Bernardo. "História de Portugal" (in Portuguese) (4th ed.). p. 182.
- Martin Luther D'Ooge (1909), The Acropolis of Athens (The acropolis of Athens ed.), New York: Macmillan, OL 7107840M,
In 1458 the Turkish ruler occupied the Propylaea as a residence, and turned the Erechtheum into a harem, restoring, however, the Parthenon to the Greeks as a place of worship.
- Lemaître, Frédéric (September 19, 2011). "Erfurt, ses juifs et l'UNESCO". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- Connor, Steve (July 7, 2014). "The history of the planet's biggest volcanic explosions - deep in the ice of Antarctica". The Independent. London. Retrieved July 7, 2014.