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|Ab urbe condita||2184|
|Balinese saka calendar||1352–1353|
|English Regnal year||9 Hen. 6 – 10 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||庚戌年 (Metal Dog)|
4127 or 4067
— to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4128 or 4068
|- Vikram Samvat||1487–1488|
|- Shaka Samvat||1352–1353|
|- Kali Yuga||4531–4532|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 3|
|Minguo calendar||481 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1973–1974|
1557 or 1176 or 404
— to —
1558 or 1177 or 405
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1431.|
- January 9 – Pretrial investigations for Joan of Arc begin at Rouen in France, which is under English occupation.
- February 21 – The trial of Joan of Arc for heresy begins.
- March 3 – Pope Eugene IV succeeds Pope Martin V, to become the 207th pope.
- May 30 – Nineteen-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake in Rouen.
- June 16 – The Teutonic Knights and Švitrigaila sign the Treaty of Christmemel, creating an anti-Polish alliance.
- September – Battle of Inverlochy: Donald Balloch defeats the Royalists.
- October 30 – The Treaty of Medina del Campo is signed, consolidating peace between Portugal and Castille.
- November 9 – The Battle of Ilava: The Hungarians defeat the Hussite army.
- November 18 – A treaty in Suceava concludes an attack on Poland, launched this year by Alexander I of Moldavia during the Lithuanian Civil War.
- December 13 – Vlad, future Prince of Wallachia as Vlad II Dracul, is made a member of the Order of the Dragon. Because of this, his son Vlad III the Impaler will inspire the literary figure named Dracula.
- December 16 – Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre-Dame de Paris.
- Alexander I Aldea takes the throne of Wallachia with support from Alexander I of Moldavia.
- The University of Poitiers is founded.
- The Ayutthaya Kingdom besieges Angkor and sacks the Khmer capital, ending the Khmer Empire.
- Nezahualcoyotl is crowned Tlatoani of the Kingdom of Texcoco.
- Byzantine–Ottoman Wars: The Ottoman governor of Thessaly Turahan Bey breaks through the Hexamilion wall for the second time, and ravages the Peloponnese Peninsula.
- January 1 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
- October 26 – Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Italian politician (d. 1505)
- November or December – Vlad III the Impaler, Prince of Wallachia (d. 1476)
- date unknown
- January 25 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
- February 20 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
- April 1 – Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general and religious figure
- April 5 – Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. 1364)
- April 19 – Adolph III, Count of Waldeck (b. 1362)
- May 30 – Joan of Arc, French soldier and saint (b. c. 1412)
- September 6 – Demetrios Laskaris Leontares, Byzantine soldier and statesman
- December 8 – Hedwig Jagiellon, Polish and Lithuanian princess (b. 1408)
- date unknown
- Babinger, Franz (1987). "Turakhān Beg". In Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor (ed.). E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, Volume VIII. Leiden: BRILL. pp. 876–878. ISBN 90-04-09794-5.
- Self-Fashioning and Assumptions of Identity in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. BRILL. 2015. p. 54. ISBN 9789004291003.