This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (March 2019)
|Ab urbe condita||2169|
|Balinese saka calendar||1337–1338|
|English Regnal year||3 Hen. 5 – 4 Hen. 5|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)|
4112 or 4052
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4113 or 4053
|- Vikram Samvat||1472–1473|
|- Shaka Samvat||1337–1338|
|- Kali Yuga||4516–4517|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 23|
|Minguo calendar||496 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1958–1959|
1542 or 1161 or 389
— to —
1543 or 1162 or 390
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1416.|
- January 27 – The Republic of Ragusa is the first state in Europe to outlaw slavery.
- May 29 – Battle of Gallipoli: Venetian admiral Pietro Loredan destroys the Ottoman fleet.
- May 30 – The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic.
- February 26 – Christopher of Bavaria (d. 1448)
- March 27 – Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian organist and composer (d. 1480)
- March 28 – Jodha of Mandore, Ruler of Marwar (d. 1489)
- May 25 – Jakobus, nobleman from Lichtenberg in the northern part of Alsace (d. 1480)
- October 26 – Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent (d. 1490)
- date unknown
- probable – Jacquetta of Luxembourg, English duchess and countess (d. 1472)
- February 2 – Racek Kobyla of Dvorce, Bohemian Hetman and Burgrave.
- February 27 – Eleanor of Castile, queen consort of Navarre (b. c. 1363)
- April 2 – King Ferdinand I of Aragon (b. 1379)
- May 21 – Anna of Celje, queen consort of Poland (b. 1386)
- May 30 – Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
- June 15 – John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (b. 1340)
- October 1 – Yaqub Spata, lord of Arta
- October 14 – Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
- December 29 – Mathew Swetenham, bowbearer of Henry IV
- date unknown – The Limbourg brothers, painters of the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.
- "Ferdinand I | king of Aragon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 31, 2019.