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|Ab urbe condita||2063|
|Balinese saka calendar||1231–1232|
|English Regnal year||3 Edw. 2 – 4 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己酉年 (Earth Rooster)|
4006 or 3946
— to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4007 or 3947
|- Vikram Samvat||1366–1367|
|- Shaka Samvat||1231–1232|
|- Kali Yuga||4410–4411|
|Japanese calendar||Enkyō 3|
|Minguo calendar||602 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1852–1853|
1436 or 1055 or 283
— to —
1437 or 1056 or 284
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1310.|
- January – Forces of the Kingdom of Castile retreat from the Siege of Algeciras, after enduring severe losses, and secure a peace treaty.
- March – Muhammed III, former Sultan of the Emirate of Granada, is blinded and found dead in a pool, after an attempted coup to retake his throne from his brother Nasr.
- May 11 – In France, 54 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy.
- Abu al-Fida becomes governor of Hama.
- The first purpose-built accommodation for students (the Mob Quad) is completed in Merton College, Oxford, England.
- Basarab I, after the battle against the Tatars, is named "big prince" of Wallachia by the feudal lords of the region. The country remains under Hungarian domination until the Battle of Posada on 12 October, 1330.
- April 30 – King Casimir III of Poland (d. 1368)
- May 5 – Preczlaw of Pogarell, Cardinal and Bishop of Wrocław (d. 1376)
- November 29 – John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, English baron (d. 1361)
- November 30 – Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen (d. 1349)
- date unknown
- March – Muhammed III, Sultan of Granada (b. 1256)
- May 22 – Saint Humility, Italian founder of the Vallumbrosan Nuns (b. c. 1226)
- June 1 – Marguerite Porete, French mystic (burned at the stake)
- June 5 – Amalric, Prince of Tyre (b. c. 1272)
- October 1 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
- October 28 – Ecumenical Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople (b. 1230)
- December 10 – Stephen I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1271)
- date unknown