11th arrondissement of Paris

The 11th arrondissement of Paris (XIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, the arrondissement is referred to as le onzième ([ɔ̃zjɛm]; "the eleventh").

11th arrondissement of Paris
The Cirque d'Hiver in Paris
The Cirque d'Hiver in Paris
Coat of arms of 11th arrondissement of Paris
Location within Paris
Location within Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′31″N 2°22′46″E / 48.85861°N 2.37944°E / 48.85861; 2.37944
 • Mayor (2020–2026) François Vauglin (PS)
3.67 km2 (1.42 sq mi)
 • Density38,851/km2 (100,620/sq mi)
INSEE code75111

The arrondissement, called Popincourt, is situated on the right bank of the River Seine. It is one of the most densely populated urban districts of any European city. In 2020, it had a population of 144,292. It is the best-served Parisian arrondissement in terms of number of Métro stations, at 25.[2]

Its borders are marked by three large squares: the Place de la République to the northwest, the Place de la Bastille to the southwest, as well as the Place de la Nation to the southeast.

Description edit

The 11th arrondissement is a varied and engaging area. To the west lies the Place de la République, which is linked to the Place de la Bastille, in the east, by the sweeping, tree-lined Boulevard Richard-Lenoir, with its large markets and children's parks. The Place de la Bastille and the Rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine are full of fashionable cafés, restaurants, as well as nightlife; they also contain a range of boutiques and galleries. The Oberkampf district to the north is another popular area for nightlife. The east is more residential, with more wholesale commerce, while the areas around Boulevard Voltaire and Avenue Parmentier are livelier crossroads for the local community. In recent years this area has emerged as one of the trendiest parts of Paris.

On 13 November 2015, the arrondissement was the site (among others) of coordinated Islamic shootings and bombings, particularly at the Bataclan theatre, which left 130 dead. About 20 years earlier, another attack had taken place.[3]

Geography edit

The land area of this arrondissement is 3.666 km2 (1.415 sq. miles, or 906 acres).

Demographics edit

The peak population of Paris's 11th arrondissement occurred in 1911, with 242,295 inhabitants. Today, the arrondissement remains the most densely populated in Paris, accompanied by a large volume of business activity: 149,102 inhabitants and 71,962 jobs in the last census, in 1999.

The population consists of a large number of single adults, though its eastern portions are more family-oriented. There is a strong community spirit in most areas of the eleventh, and it is interspersed with pleasant squares and parks.

Historical population edit

(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 167,393 45,611
1911 (peak of population) 242,295 66,092
1954 200,440 54,616
1962 193,349 52,741
1968 179,727 49,025
1975 159,317 43,458
1982 146,931 40,079
1990 154,165 42,053
1999 149,102 40,672
2009 152,744 41,620

Immigration edit

Place of birth of residents of the 11th arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
74.5% 25.5%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.3% 4.1% 4.4% 15.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. A foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. An immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Map edit

Map of the 11th arrondissement

Places of interest edit


Main streets and squares edit

Streets edit

Squares edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  2. ^ "Savez-vous quel arrondissement compte le plus de stations de métro ?, www.pariszigzag.fr (in French).
  3. ^ Shay, Shaul (5 July 2017). The Globalization of Terror: The Challenge of Al-Qaida and the Response of the International Community. ISBN 9781351482165.

External links edit