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10th legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The 10th Islamic Consultative Assembly is the 34th and current Parliament of Iran that commenced on 28 May 2016 following the legislative elections on 26 February and 29 April 2016.

10th Islamic Consultative Assembly
9th 11th
JurisdictionIslamic Republic of Iran
Meeting placeBaharestan
TermMay 28, 2016 (2016-05-28) –
Election26 February and 29 April 2016
GovernmentRouhani I (2016–2017)
Rouhani II (2017–present)
Islamic Consultative Assembly
SpeakerAli Larijani (2016– )
1st DeputyMasoud Pezeshkian (2016– )
2nd DeputyAli Motahari (2016– )
HopeMohammad Reza Aref
WilayiHamid-Reza Haji Babaee
IndependentsKazem Jalali
1stMay 28, 2016 (2016-05-28) – May 29, 2017 (2017-05-29)
2ndMay 30, 2017 (2017-05-30) – May 29, 2018 (2018-05-29)
3rdMay 30, 2018 (2018-05-30) – May 25, 2019 (2019-05-25)
4thMay 26, 2019 (2019-05-26) –

According to Anoushiravan Ehteshami, three things make this parliament noteworthy: return of the reformists to the parliamentary arena, a record of 17 seats held by female lawmakers and the fact that only 26% of the incumbent MPs were re-elected in the elections, makes it a less experienced parliament.[1]

Parliamentary groupsEdit

The parliament has three main parliamentary groups:

Parliamentary group Voting strength President
Pro-Rouhani Hope ≈103[2] ≈193[3] Mohammad Reza Aref[3]
Wilayi Independents Unknown Kazem Jalali[3]
Opposition Wilayi Deputies <111[3] Hamidreza Hajibabai[3]

The reformist Hope fraction is the largest bloc by number, however it is unable to form a partnership with a great number of newcomers and independents who owe little allegiance to any particular faction. Instead, the conservative allies of Hassan Rouhani led by Ali Larijani have effectively mobilized them. It was clearly illustrated when Mohammad Reza Aref declined to stand for the speaker and Larijani was re-elected uncontested with 237 out of 276 votes.[1]


  1. ^ a b Ehteshami, Anoushiravan (2017). "Politics of the Islamic Republic". Iran: Stuck in Transition. The Contemporary Middle East. Taylor & Francis. p. 102. ISBN 9781351985451.
  2. ^ "Reformists Eye Control of Majlis Presiding Board", Financial Tribune, 25 May 2017, retrieved 25 May 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e Rohollah Faghihi (4 November 2016), "Iran's parliament shows its true colors", Al-Monitor, retrieved 25 May 2017