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ISSF 10 meter air pistol

  (Redirected from 10 metre air pistol)

The 10 metre air pistol is an Olympic shooting event governed by the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF). It is similar to 10 metre air rifle in that it is shot with 4.5 mm (or .177) caliber air guns at a distance of 10 metres (11 yards), and the programme consists of 60 shots within 75 minutes for men, and 40 shots within 50 minutes for women. If Electronic Scoring System (EST) is not available, additionally 15 minutes for men and 10 minutes for women are added to the time limit. Preparation and sighting time of 15 minutes is the same for both men and women. It is also similar to 50 metre pistol despite the shorter distance and the use of air guns, and most top-level male shooters compete in both events.

ISSF 10 meter air pistol
Kostevych Munich 2006 event.jpg
Olena Kostevych in the air pistol event at the World Cup '06 in Munich.
Men
Number of shots 60 + 24
Olympic Games Since 1988
World Championships Since 1970
Abbreviation AP60
Women
Number of shots 40 + 24
Olympic Games Since 1988
World Championships Since 1970
Abbreviation AP40

There are some restrictions on the pistol, and it must be operated by one hand only from a standing, unsupported position. The shooter decides his or her own tempo as long as the maximum time is not exceeded, but in the final round for the top shooters, separate commands are given for each shot so that the audience may follow the progress of the standings.

The major competitions are the Olympic Games every four years and the ISSF World Shooting Championships every four years. In addition, the event is included in the ISSF World Cup and in continental championships, as well as in many other international and national competitions. It is an indoor sport, and on the highest level electronic targets are used instead of the traditional paper targets.

Contents

Range and targetEdit

 
The air pistol target is 17x17 cm with concentric score zones, the innermost (worth ten points) having a diameter of 11.5 mm.

The distance from floor level to the centre of the target is 1400mm +/- 50mm.[1]

The air pistol range is the same as the air rifle range, giving each shooter a table, a 1 metre wide firing point, and a 10-metre distance between the firing line and the target line.[2] The current rules require ranges to be built indoors,[3] with specified minimum requirements for artificial lighting.[4] Many of the top-level competitions are held at temporary ranges installed in versatile sporting facilities or convention centres.

The target, 17 by 17 cm (6.7 by 6.7 in), is traditionally made of light-coloured cardboard upon which scoring lines, and a black aiming mark consisting of the score zones 7 through 10, are printed.[5] There is also an inner ten ring, but the number of inner tens is only used for tie-breaking.[6] The changing of these traditional targets is handled by each shooter, by means of electronic – or more archaically, manually operated – carrier devices.[7] In major competitions, only one shot may be fired on each target,[8] a number that can increase to two, five or even ten with lowering level and importance of the competition. Used targets are collected by range officials to be scored in a separate office.[9]

During the last few decades, these paper targets have been gradually replaced by electronic target systems, immediately displaying the results on monitors. When using these systems, actual scoring lines are not printed, but the location of the impact hole (which can be determined acoustically) is automatically converted into corresponding scores by a computer. ISSF rules now require the use of these systems in top-level competitions.[10] They are generally used in other international competitions as well,[11] and in some countries they are even common in national competitions.[12]

EquipmentEdit

To promote comfortable and accurate shooting from a standing position match air pistols must have fast lock times, shoot practically recoilless and vibration free and exhibit minimal movement and balance shifts during discharge. The pistol must also be able to be tailored by adjustable user interfaces and various accessories to individual shooters personal preferences. Combined with appropriate match pellets the pistol has to produce a consistent 10 ring performance, so a non maximal result during the initial phase can be attributed to the participant.

The pistols used are gas-driven with a caliber of 4.5 mm (.177 in). The minimum trigger pull weight is 500 gram (17.6 oz), half that of a sport pistol, and the grip restrictions are similar to sport pistols, but the box in which the pistol must fit is much larger: 42 by 20 by 5 cm (17 by 8 by 2 in).[13] This allows for longer sight lines and also gives room for cocking arms, although with a few exceptions (such as the Baikal IZH-46M) modern match air pistols use pre-filled air, or less commonly carbon dioxide, containers.[14] The maximum overall weight is 1.5 kg (3.31 lb). The pistol must be operated by only one hand from a standing position, and may only be loaded with one pellet at a time.[15]

 
A typical 4.5 mm (.177 in) 10 m air pistol match pellet

For the 10 metre air pistol and air rifle disciplines match diabolo pellets are used. These pellets have wadcutter heads, meaning the front is (nearly) flat, that leave clean round holes in paper targets for easy scoring. Match pellets are offered in tins and more elaborate packagings that avoid deformation and other damage that could impair their uniformity. Air gunners are encouraged to perform shooting group tests with their gun clamped in a machine rest to establish which particular match pellet type performs best for their particular air gun.[16] To facilitate maximum performance out of various air guns the leading match pellet manufacturers produce pellets with graduated "head sizes", which means the pellets are offered with front diameters from 4.48 mm up to 4.51 mm.

As in other ISSF pistol events, special supportive clothing and shoes are not permitted.[17] Optical aids are allowed as long as they are not mounted on the pistol, which may only have open sights.[18] Ear protection is recommended by the ISSF[19] as well as by coaches, who sometimes stress their usefulness in shutting out distracting noise rather than their necessity for safety reasons (paramount in other shooting disciplines).[20][21]

It is each shooter's responsibility to get the pistol and shoes validated in a specific area, the equipment control, prior to starting the competition. Clothing is only inspected during the actual competition.[22] To discourage shooters from lowering the trigger pull weight after passing the equipment control, random controls are conducted after the match with failure resulting in immediate disqualification.[23]

Match air pistols in productionEdit

 
Steyr LP10 PCP air pistol

The following air pistols are in production as of 2013:[citation needed]

Course of fireEdit

Shooters are generally divided into four classes: men, junior men, women and junior women. The junior classes are included in most championships, with some notable exceptions (such as the Olympic Games and the ISSF World Cup). A shooter remains a junior up to and including the calendar year in which he or she becomes 21 years of age, although a junior may opt to participate in the main class instead.[24]

In both the qualification stage and the final stage, all shooting is supervised by a Chief Range Officer, whose duties include responsibility for the correct behaviour of all personnel, dealing with technical irregularities, and cooperation with the jury.[25]

QualificationEdit

For the qualification stage, the shooters are divided as necessary into relays.[26] Each relay starts with a ten-minute preparation time,[27] followed by the Chief Range Officer's "Start" command, indicating the start of the competition time.[28] Before the competition shots, but within the time limit, the shooter may fire an unlimited number of sighting shots at specially marked targets.[29] Men and junior men shoot 60 shots (within a maximum time of 105 minutes) at all major competitions, while women and junior women shoot 40 shots (within a maximum time of 75 minutes).[8] At minor competitions, there may be other numbers of shots and time limits.

FinalEdit

 
Men's 10 meter air pistol final in the 2012 Olympic Games Shooting competition at the Royal Artillery Barracks.

A final is included in most air pistol championships, although not in the World Junior Championships. The top eight shooters advance to the final.[30] In case of a tie for eighth place, shooters with stronger ending were previously preferred.[31] The score zones are divided into tenths (by means of a special gauge, in the absence of automatic scoring devices), so that each hit can give up to 10.9 points. After a three-minute preparation time, during which the shooters are introduced to the audience, and a five-minute sighting shot period, separate commands are given for each competition shot with a time limit of 50 seconds per shot. Starting from 2013, the final consists of 2 strings of 3 shots, after which for every two additional shots, the lowest scoring finalist will be dropped. This continues until only two finalists left making the final two shots for the gold. Hence the last two men would have 20 shots in total. Due to this new rule, all pre-2013 finals record will be erased. The ISSF announced that all finals from 2017 onward will have an additional 2 shots per initial string for a total of 24 shots fired in the final.[32] The current record of 2013 will be considered as provisional, until the end of 2013 which the ISSF will decide whether to scrap the final record altogether from then on, or keep them.[33] The final score is added to the qualification score with the aggregate deciding the final ranking.[34] Any post-final ties are broken by a single extra shot.[35]

HistoryEdit

 
Spring-piston air guns were in common use during the first decades of the sport, but are now seldom seen at high levels.

The air pistol event was introduced on the World Championship level in 1970,[36] and on the Olympic programme in 1988.[37] Before 1985, when finals began to be used, championships were decided by the results of the 40 or 60 shot match. Before 1982, the men's programme also consisted of 40 shots.[36]

As in many other ISSF events, the target for air pistol was reduced in size in 1989, also lowering the scores (although not by much), and thereby resetting all records. The development after this shows a contrast to that of air rifle shooting: whereas in air rifle the winning score of the 1989 World Championships would not have reached the final 17 years later,[38][39] the same result increase has not occurred in air pistol, and Sergei Pyzhianov's world record of 593 points, set in the first World Cup Final with the new targets, remained unbeaten for almost 20 years.[40]

Although competitions are no longer held outdoors, the most important competitions (Olympics, World Championships, World Cups) are still scheduled for the Northern Hemisphere summer season because they are combined with outdoor events. Many lesser international events, however, are held during the European indoor season between October and March, culminating in the European Championships each year. Most of these competitions are multi-day events held together with air rifle matches.[41]

World Championships, MenEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1970   Phoenix   Kornel Marosvari (HUN)   Vladimir Stolipin (URS)   Harald Vollmar (GDR)
1974   Thun   Grigori Kosych (URS)   Corneliu Ion (ROM)   Jean Faggion (FRA)
1978   Seoul   Paavo Palokangas (FIN)   Seppo Saarenpää (FIN)   Paulo Lamego (BRA)
1979   Seoul   Geoffrey Robinson (GBR)   Thomas Guinn (CAN)   Ragnar Skanåker (SWE)
1981   Santo Domingo   Don Nygord (USA)   Ljubtcho Diakov (BUL)   Ragnar Skanåker (SWE)
1982   Caracas   Vladas Turla (URS)   Alexsander Melentiev (URS)   Anatoli Egrishin (URS)
1983   Innsbruck   Ragnar Skanåker (SWE)   Alexsander Melentiev (URS)   Anatoli Egrishin (URS)
1985   Mexico City   Rolf Beutler (SUI)   Jens Potteck (GDR)   Pierre Bremond (FRA)
1986   Suhl   Igor Basinski (URS)   Uwe Potteck (GDR)   Pierre Bremond (FRA)
1987   Budapest   Zoltan Papanitz (HUN)   Alexsander Melentiev (URS)   Ljubtcho Diakov (BUL)
1989   Sarajevo   Sergei Pyzhianov (URS)   Uwe Potteck (GDR)   Sorin Babii (ROM)
1990   Moscow   Bernardo Tobar (COL)   István Ágh (HUN)   Boris Kokorev (URS)
1991   Stavanger   Uwe Potteck (GER)   Yifu Wang (CHN)   Sorin Babii (ROM)
1994   Milan   Franck Dumoulin (FRA)   Igor Basinski (BLR)   Roberto Di Donna (ITA)
1998   Barcelona   Yifu Wang (CHN)   Igor Basinski (BLR)   Kanstantsin Lukashyk (BLR)
2002   Lahti   Mikhail Nestruev (RUS)   Andrija Zlatic (YUG)   Franck Dumoulin (FRA)
2006   Zagreb   Pang Wei (CHN)   Jakkrit Panichpatikum (THA)   Vladimir Gontcharov (RUS)
2010   Munich   Yusuf Dikec (TUR)   Andrija Zlatic (SRB)   Jin Jong-Oh (KOR)
2014   Granada   Jin Jong-oh (KOR)   Yusuf Dikeç (TUR)   Vladimir Gontcharov (RUS)

World Championships, Men TeamEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1970   Phoenix   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Grigori Kosych
Evgeni Raskazov
Vladimir Stolipin
  Finland
Immo Huhtinen
Seppo Makinen
Matti Juhani Patteri
Seppo Saarenpaeae
  West Germany
Heinrich Fretwurst
Heinz Mertel
Ernst Mueller
Manfred Moeller
1974   Thun   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Grigori Kosych
Valeri Margasov
Vladimir Stolipin
  West Germany
Manfred Deichmann
Heinrich Fretwurst
Dieter Gruetz
Wolfgang Labenski
  East Germany
Helmut Artelet
Heinz Szurlies
Matthias Hoeflitz
Harald Vollmar
1978   Seoul   Finland
Teemu Anttila
Seppo Mäkinen
Paavo Palokangas
Seppo Saarenpää
  Brazil
Paulo Lamego
Wilson Scheidemantel
Benevenuto Tilli
Bertino Souza
  Sweden
Weith Andersson
Ove Gunnarsson
Staffan Oscarsson
Ragnar Skanåker
1979   Seoul   Sweden
Weith Andersson
Stig Borje Nilsson
Staffan Oscarsson
Ragnar Skanåker
  United States
Jimmie Dorsey
Don Hamilton
Samual Hunter
Don Nygord
  South Korea
Jang Sik Kim
Won Suk Lee
Tae Ho Lim
Seung Lin Park
1981   Santo Domingo   Bulgaria
Ljubtcho Diakov
Liubcho Dimitrov
Ivan Mandov
Jean Mihov
  Switzerland
Rolf Beutler
Roman Burkhard
Jacques Alain Perrin
Rene von Gunten
  Soviet Union
Igor Basinski
Anatoli Egrishin
Alexander Sniezhko
Sergei Sumatokhin
1982   Caracas   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Alexsander Melentiev
Sergei Sumatokhin
Vladas Turla
  United States
Erich Buljung
Jimmie Mc Coy
Don Nygord
Darius Young
  Sweden
Weith Andersson
Stig Borje Nilsson
Benny Oestlund
Ragnar Skanåker
1983   Innsbruck   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Alexsander Melentiev
Vladas Turla
  Sweden
Benny Oestlund
Staffan Oscarsson
Ragnar Skanåker
  France
Jean Bilon
Jacky Durand
Remy Harang
1985   Mexico City   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Boris Kokorev
Vladas Turla
  France
Pierre Bremond
Philippe Cola
Remy Harang
  United States
George Ross
Arnold Vitarbo
Darius Young
1986   Suhl   Soviet Union
Igor Basinski
Boris Kokorev
Alexsander Melentiev
  France
Pierre Bremond
Philippe Cola
Remy Harang
  East Germany
Gernot Eder
Jens Potteck
Uwe Potteck
1987   Budapest   Soviet Union
Anatoli Egrishin
Boris Kokorev
Alexsander Melentiev
  East Germany
Gernot Eder
Jens Potteck
Uwe Potteck
  Bulgaria
Ljubtcho Diakov
Tanyu Kiryakov
Sabi Sabev
1989   Sarajevo   Soviet Union
Sergei Barmin
Alexsander Melentiev
Sergei Pyzhianov
  Italy
Roberto Di Donna
Dario Palazzani
Vincenzo Spilotro
  Hungary
Csaba Gyorik
Zsolt Karacs
Zoltan Papanitz
1990   Moscow   Soviet Union
Boris Kokorev
Mikhail Nestruev
Sergei Pyzhianov
  Hungary
István Ágh
Csaba Gyorik
Zoltan Papanitz
  East Germany
Gernot Eder
Uwe Potteck
Jens Potteck
1991   Stavanger   Soviet Union
Sergei Barmin
Boris Kokorev
Sergei Pyzhianov
  Germany
Gernot Eder
Hans-Juergen Bauer-Neumaier
Uwe Potteck
  China
Jinbao Li
Yifu Wang
Haifeng Xu
1994   Milan   China
Haifeng Xu
Yifu Wang
Shengge Zhang
  Italy
Vigilio Fait
Roberto Di Donna
Vincenzo Spilotro
  Hungary
Csaba Gyorik
Zsolt Karacs
Zoltan Papanitz
1998   Barcelona   China
Yifu Wang
Dan Xu
Hui Wu
  Russia
Mikhail Nestruev
Vladimir Gontcharov
Boris Kokorev
  Belarus
Igor Basinski
Kanstantsin Lukashyk
Siarhei Yurusau
2002   Lahti   Russia
Mikhail Nestruev
Vladimir Gontcharov
Vladimir Isakov
  China
Yifu Wang
Zongliang Tan
Huaiyu Li
  Ukraine
Oleg Dronov
Victor Makarov
Ivan Rybovalov
2006   Zagreb   China
Wei Pang
Zhongzai Lin
Zongliang Tan
  Russia
Mikhail Nestruev
Vladimir Isakov
Vladimir Gontcharov
  France
Walter Lapeyre
Manuel Alexandre-Augrand
Franck Dumoulin
2010   Munich   Russia
Sergey Chervyakovskiy
Leonid Ekimov
Vladimir Isakov
  Serbia
Andrija Zlatic
Damir Mikec
Dimitrije Grgic
  South Korea
Jin Jong-Oh
Lee Dae-Myung
Han Seung Woo
2014   Granada   China
Pang Wei
Pu Qifeng
Wang Zhiwei
  South Korea
Jin Jong-oh
Kim Cheong-Yong
Lee Dae-myung
  Russia
Vladimir Gontcharov
Vladimir Isakov
Sergey Chervyakovskiy

World Championships, WomenEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1970   Phoenix   Sally Carroll (USA)   Nina Rasskazova (URS)   Nina Stoliarova (URS)
1974   Thun   Zinaida Simonian (URS)   Anisoara Matei (ROM)   Nina Stoliarova (URS)
1978   Seoul   Kerstin Hansson (SWE)   Gun Naesman (SWE)   Yang Ja Moon (KOR)
1979   Seoul   Ruby Fox (USA)   Patricia Dench (AUS)   Sally Carroll (USA)
1981   Santo Domingo   Nonna Kalinina (URS)   Kerstin Bodin (SWE)   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)
1982   Caracas   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)   Auksne Treinite (URS)   Inna Rose (URS)
1983   Innsbruck   Kerstin Bodin (SWE)   Julita Macur (POL)   Yang Ja Kim (KOR)
1985   Mexico City   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)   Irada Ashumova (URS)   Maritha Karlsson (SWE)
1986   Suhl   Anke Voelker (GDR)   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)   Haiying Liu (CHN)
1987   Budapest   Jasna Brajkovic (YUG)   Svetlana Smirnova (URS)   Anne Goffin (BEL)
1989   Sarajevo   Nino Salukvadze (URS)   Jasna Šekarić (YUG)   Lieselotte Breker (FRG)
1990   Moscow   Jasna Šekarić (YUG)   Marina Logvinenko (URS)   Svetlana Smirnova (URS)
1991   Stavanger   Marina Logvinenko (URS)   Shuanghong Li (CHN)   Margit Stein (GER)
1994   Milan   Jasna Šekarić (IOP)   Margit Stein (GER)   Galina Belyayeva (KAZ)
1998   Barcelona   Munkhbayar Dorjsuren (MGL)   Yoko Inada (JPN)   Lalita Yauhleuskaya (BLR)
2002   Lahti   Olena Kostevych (UKR)   Nino Salukvadze (GEO)   Olga Kousnetsova (RUS)
2006   Zagreb   Natalia Paderina (RUS)   Jun Hu (CHN)   Viktoria Chaika (BLR)
2010   Munich   Zorana Arunovic (SRB)   Lalita Yauhleuskaya (AUS)   Viktoria Chaika (BLR)
2014   Granada   Jung Hee-hae (KOR)   Olena Kostevych (UKR)   Chiaying Wu (TPE)

World Championships, Women TeamEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1970   Phoenix   Soviet Union
Nina Stoliarova
Nina Rasskazova
Nadezda Ibragimova
  West Germany
Ortrud Feickert
Karin Fitzner
Ruth Kasten
  United States
Lucile Chambliss
Sally Carroll
Barbara Hile
1974   Thun   Soviet Union
Zinaida Simonian
Nina Stoliarova
Galina Zarikova
  United States
Sharon Best
Barbara Hile
Ruby Fox
  West Germany
Karin Fitzner
Ruth Kasten
Ortrud Feickert
1978   Seoul   Sweden
Kerstin Hansson
Gun Näsman
Ingridh Strömqvist
  Australia
Julie Aitken
Patricia Dench
Maureen Hill
  South Korea
Kwan Seok Kang
Yang Ja Kim
Yang Ja Moon
1979   Seoul   United States
Sally Carroll
Ruby Fox
Patricin Olsowsky
  Sweden
Kerstin Hansson
Gun Naesman
Sally Remmert
  Great Britain
Carol Bartlett
Rosemarie Edgar
Trudy Henry
1981   Santo Domingo   Soviet Union
Marina Dobrantcheva
Nonna Kalinina
Zinaida Simonian
  Switzerland
Veronica Edelmann
Doris Hafen
Elisabeth Sager
  United States
Carol Baker
Ruby Fox
Sally Carroll
1982   Caracas   Soviet Union
Marina Dobrantcheva
Inna Rose
Auksne Treinite
  China
Jianmin Gao
Yi Nang
Zhifang Wen
  Sweden
Monica Aberg
Chris Johansson
Gun Naesman
1983   Innsbruck   Sweden
Monica Aberg
Kerstin Bodin
Sally Remmert
  Austria
Corinna Hoffmann
Christine Strahalm
Christa Werk
  United States
Sally Carroll
Ruby Fox
Cathy Graham
1985   Mexico City   Soviet Union
Irada Ashumova
Marina Dobrantcheva
Inna Rose
  Sweden
Kerstin Bodin
Britt Marie Ellis
Maritha Karlsson
  West Germany
Angelika Hermann
Kirsten Steinert
Margit Stein
1986   Suhl   Soviet Union
Marina Dobrantcheva
Irina Kotcherova
Lalita Tsvetkova
  East Germany
Diana Mueller
Heidrun Richter
Anke Voelker
  Sweden
Kerstin Bodin
Britt Marie Ellis
Maritha Karlsson
1987   Budapest   Soviet Union
Nino Salukvadze
Svetlana Smirnova
Lalita Tsvetkova
  Poland
Dorota Bidolach
Maria Janicka-Janda
Julita Macur
  West Germany
Lieselotte Breker
Anetta Kalinowski
Margit Stein
1989   Sarajevo   West Germany
Lieselotte Breker
Anetta Kalinowski
Margit Stein
  Soviet Union
Olga Shilenok
Nino Salukvadze
Svetlana Smirnova
  Hungary
Agnes Ferencz
Anna Gonczi
Marta Kotroczo
1990   Moscow   Soviet Union
Marina Logvinenko
Nino Salukvadze
Svetlana Smirnova
  Federal Republic of Germany
Lieselotte Breker
Monika Schilleder
Margit Stein
  Bulgaria
Mariya Grozdeva
Margarita Shkodrova
Tania Staneva
1991   Stavanger   Soviet Union
Olga Klochneva
Marina Logvinenko
Nino Salukvadze
  Germany
Lieselotte Breker
Margit Stein
Anke Voelker
  Yugoslavia
Ksenja Macek
Jasna Šekarić
Mirela Skoko
1994   Milan   China
Xiaoping Fan
Duihong Li
Ge Ma
  Bulgaria
Diana Iorgova
Mariya Grozdeva
Tania Staneva
  Germany
Doreen Mueller
Margit Stein
Anke Voelker
1998   Barcelona   Russia
Galina Beliaeva
Svetlana Smirnova
Marina Logvinenko
  China
Yeqing Cai
Jie Ren
Luna Tao
  Germany
Carmen Meininger
Margit Stein
Anke Schumann
2002   Lahti   Russia
Olga Kousnetsova
Svetlana Smirnova
Galina Beliaeva
  Belarus
Viktoria Chaika
Liudmila Chabatar
Yuliya Alipava
  China
Luna Tao
Ying Chen
Jie Ren
2006   Zagreb   China
Jun Hu
Fengji Fei
Ying Chen
  Belarus
Viktoria Chaika
Liudmila Chabatar
Yauheniya Haluza
  Russia
Natalia Paderina
Olga Kousnetsova
Svetlana Smirnova
2010   Munich   Australia
Lalita Yauhleuskaya
Dina Aspandiyarova
Linda Ryan
  South Korea
Lee Ho-Lim
Kim Byung-Hee
Park Min-Jin
  China
Guo Wenjun
Su Yuling
Zhang Jingjing
2014   Granada   Serbia
Jasna Šekarić
Bobana Veličković
Zorana Arunović
  China
Guo Wenjun
Zhang Mengyuan
Zhou Qingyuan
  Hungary
Renáta Tobai-Sike
Zsófia Csonka
Adrienn Nemes

World Championships, total medalsEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   USSR 29 11 9 49
2   China 7 6 4 17
3   Sweden 6 5 7 18
4   Russia 6 2 3 11
5   United States 4 3 5 12
6   Yugoslavia 3 2 1 6
7   Hungary 2 2 3 7
8   Finland 2 2 0 4
9   East Germany 1 5 4 10
10   West Germany 1 3 5 9
11   Germany 1 3 3 7
12   Australia 1 3 0 4
13   France 1 2 6 9
14   Bulgaria 1 2 3 6
15   Serbia 1 2 0 3
15    Switzerland 1 2 0 3
17   South Korea 1 1 6 8
18   Georgia 1 1 0 2
18   Japan 1 1 0 2
20   Great Britain 1 0 1 2
20   Ukraine 1 0 1 2
22   Colombia 1 0 0 1
22   Mongolia 1 0 0 1
24   Belarus 0 4 5 9
25   Romania 0 2 2 4
26   Italy 0 2 1 3
27   Poland 0 2 0 2
28   Brazil 0 1 1 2
29   Austria 0 1 0 1
29   Canada 0 1 0 1
29   Thailand 0 1 0 1
32   Belgium 0 0 1 1
32   Kazakhstan 0 0 1 1
Total 72 72 72 216

Current world recordsEdit

Current world records in 10 metre air pistol
Men Qualification 594   Jin Jong-oh (KOR) April 12, 2009 Changwon (KOR) edit
Final 206.6   DI MARTINO Dario (ITA) September 15, 2016 BYDGOSZCZ (POL) edit
Teams 1759   Russia (Isakov, Nestruyev, Yekimov) 16 March 2007 Deauville (FRA) edit
Junior Men Individual 588   Leonid Yekimov (RUS)
  Lukas Grunder (SUI)
March 16, 2007
May 24, 2009
Deauville (FRA)
Milan (ITA)
edit
Teams 1730   China (Zhang B., He Q., Sun K.) December 20, 2009 Doha (QAT) edit
Women Qualification 393   Svetlana Smirnova (RUS) May 23, 1998 Munich (GER) edit
Final 203.8   Heena Sidhu (IND) October 11, 2013 Munich (GER) edit
Teams 1161   Russia (Khomileva, Logvinenko, Smirnova)
  China (Chen, Guo, Tao)
August 5, 1993
December 3, 2006
Brno (CZE)
Doha (QAT)
edit
Junior Women Individual 391   Marija Mladenović (YUG) June 19, 1995 Milan (ITA) edit
Teams 1146   China (Fei, Sun, Wang) July 8, 2002 Lahti (FIN) edit

Olympic and World ChampionsEdit

The ISSF publishes lists of historical champions.[37][38]

MenEdit

A green background indicates the Olympic champion.

Year Venue Individual Team
1970 Phoenix   Kornel Marosvari (HUN)   Soviet Union
1974 Thun   Grigori Kosych (URS)   Soviet Union
1978 Seoul   Paavo Palokangas (FIN)   Finland
1979 Seoul   Geoffrey Robinson (GBR)   Sweden
1981 Santo Domingo   Don Nygord (USA)   Bulgaria
1982 Caracas   Vladas Turla (URS)   Soviet Union
1983 Innsbruck   Ragnar Skanåker (SWE)   Soviet Union
1985 Mexico City   Rolf Beutler (SUI)   Soviet Union
1986 Suhl   Igor Basinski (URS)   Soviet Union
1987 Budapest   Zoltan Papanitz (HUN)   Soviet Union Junior Men
1988 Seoul   Tanyu Kiryakov (BUL) Individual Team
1989 Sarajevo   Sergei Pyzhianov (URS)   Soviet Union   Andrei Kandikov (URS)   Hungary
1990 Moscow   Bernardo Tobar (COL)   Soviet Union
1991 Stavanger   Uwe Potteck (GER)   Soviet Union   Kanstantsin Lukashyk (URS)   France
1992 Barcelona   Wang Yifu (CHN)
1994 Milan   Franck Dumoulin (FRA)   China   Alexander Wiskepzev (RUS)   Hungary
1996 Atlanta   Roberto Di Donna (ITA)
1998 Barcelona   Wang Yifu (CHN)   China   Teemu Tiainen (FIN)   Germany
2000 Sydney   Franck Dumoulin (FRA)
2002 Lahti   Mikhail Nestruyev (RUS)   Russia   Denis Kulakov (RUS)   South Korea
2004 Athens   Wang Yifu (CHN)
2006 Zagreb   Pang Wei (CHN)   China   Pu Qifeng (CHN)   China
2008 Beijing   Pang Wei (CHN)
2010 Munich   Tomoyuki Matsuda (JPN)   Russia   Zhang Bin (CHN)   China
2012 London   Jin Jong-Oh (KOR)
2016 Rio de Janeiro   Hoàng Xuân Vinh (VIE)

WomenEdit

A green background indicates the Olympic champion.

Year Venue Individual Team
1970 Phoenix   Sally Carroll (USA)   Soviet Union
1974 Thun   Zinaida Simonian (URS)
1978 Seoul   Kerstin Hansson (SWE)   Sweden
1979 Seoul   Ruby Fox (USA)   United States
1981 Santo Domingo   Nonna Kalinina (URS)   Soviet Union
1982 Caracas   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)   Soviet Union
1983 Innsbruck   Kerstin Bodin (SWE)   Sweden
1985 Mexico City   Marina Dobrantcheva (URS)   Soviet Union
1986 Suhl   Anke Völker (GDR)   Soviet Union
1987 Budapest   Jasna Brajković (YUG)   Soviet Union Junior Women
1988 Seoul   Jasna Šekarić (YUG) Individual Team
1989 Sarajevo   Nino Salukvadze (URS)   West Germany   Mirosława Sagun-Lewandowska (POL)   Poland
1990 Moscow   Jasna Šekarić (YUG)   Soviet Union
1991 Stavanger   Marina Logvinenko (URS)   Soviet Union   Stefanie Koch (GER)   France
1992 Barcelona   Marina Logvinenko (EUN)
1994 Milan   Jasna Šekarić (YUG)   China   Karen Macary (FRA)   Denmark
1996 Atlanta   Olga Klochneva (RUS)
1998 Barcelona   Dorjsürengiin Mönkhbayar (MGL)   Russia   Viktoria Chaika (BLR)   Hungary
2000 Sydney   Tao Luna (CHN)
2002 Lahti   Olena Kostevych (UKR)   Russia   Katarzyna Szymanska (POL)   China
2004 Athens   Olena Kostevych (UKR)
2006 Zagreb   Natalia Paderina (RUS)   China   Brankica Zarić (SRB)   China
2008 Beijing   Guo Wenjun (CHN)
2010 Munich   Zorana Arunovic (SRB)   Australia   Khongorzul Tsagaandalai (MGL)   South Korea
2012 London   Guo Wenjun (CHN)
2016 Rio de Janeiro   Zhang Mengxue (CHN)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ISSF RuleBook 2013, Rule 6.4.6.1
  2. ^ Rules 6.3.12 and 6.3.15. General Technical Rules for all Shooting Disciplines, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  3. ^ Rule 6.3.6.3.4. General Technical Rules for all Shooting Disciplines, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  4. ^ Rule 6.3.15.4. General Technical Rules for all Shooting Disciplines, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  5. ^ Rule 6.3.2.6. General Technical Rules for all Shooting Disciplines, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-18 
  6. ^ Rule 8.12.2. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  7. ^ Rule 8.6.3.1.1.1 Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  8. ^ a b Rule 8.15.0. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  9. ^ Rule 8.6.3.1.1.2. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  10. ^ Rule 3.5.1.4. ISSF General Regulations, International Shooting Sport Federation, November 30, 2005, archived from the original on June 10, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  11. ^ International Shooting Events, SIUS-ASCOR, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  12. ^ For example, the Megalink target system is used on club level in its native Norway. Klubber, luftpistol.no, retrieved 2008-06-16 
  13. ^ Rule 8.16.0. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  14. ^ Rowling, Patrick, Air Pistol Competition – A Brief History, The Air Pistol Home Page, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  15. ^ Rule 8.4.3.1. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  16. ^ Air Gun Testing Target Pellets Archived March 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Rule 8.4.7. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  18. ^ Rule 8.4.2.3. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  19. ^ Rule 8.2.8. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  20. ^ Air Gun Shooting Sports Safety Guide (PDF), National Rifle Association, p. 5, retrieved 2008-06-04 
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  23. ^ Rule 8.4.2.6.3. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  24. ^ Rules 3.3.6 and 3.6.8.4.1. ISSF General Regulations, International Shooting Sport Federation, November 30, 2005, archived from the original on June 10, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  25. ^ Rules 8.2.7 and 8.5.1. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  26. ^ Rule 8.7.2. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  27. ^ Rule 8.6.4.1. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  28. ^ Rule 8.6.4.4.1. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  29. ^ Rule 8.6.4.4.2. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  30. ^ Rule 8.14.2.1. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  31. ^ Rule 8.12.2. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  32. ^ http://www.issf-sports.org/news.ashx?newsid=2700
  33. ^ http://www.issf-sports.org/results/records/final_world_records.ashx
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  35. ^ Rule 8.14.8. Special Technical Rules for Pistol Shooting, International Shooting Sport Federation, January 16, 2006, archived from the original on June 17, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  36. ^ a b World Championships, International Shooting Sport Federation, archived from the original on May 15, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-04 
  37. ^ a b List of Olympic medalists (PDF), International Shooting Sport Federation, archived from the original (PDF) on April 10, 2008, retrieved 2008-06-04 
  38. ^ a b List of World Championship medalists (PDF), International Shooting Sport Federation, archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2007, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  39. ^ ISSF World Championships Zagreb: Final results, 10m Air Rifle Men (PDF), ISSF TV, July 24, 2006, retrieved 2008-06-19 
  40. ^ Quigley, Bm (1982), "Men's world records", Medicine and science in sports and exercise, International Shooting Sport Federation, 14 (4): 303–7, doi:10.1249/00005768-198204000-00009, ISSN 0195-9131, PMID 7132649, archived from the original on September 27, 2007, retrieved 2008-06-04 
  41. ^ ESC Calendar, European Shooting Confederation, retrieved 2008-06-04