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The 10K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of ten kilometres (6.2 miles). Also referred to as the 10K road race, 10 km, or simply 10K, it is one of the most common types of road running event, alongside the shorter 5K and longer half marathon and marathon. It is usually distinguished from the 10,000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, rather than metres.

Athletics
10K run
Men's records
World Leonard Patrick Komon (KEN) 26:44 (2010)
Women's records
World Joyciline Jepkosgei (KEN) 29:43 (2017)
The mass public race at the 2012 London 10000 race
Amateur runners completing the very large 2006 Peachtree Road Race

As one of the shortest common road distances, many 10K races attract high levels of public participation. Among the largest 10K races, the Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, United States had over 55,000 participants in 2011 while the Vancouver Sun Run and Bolder Boulder both had close to 50,000 runners.[1][2][3] The popularity of 10K races lies in the fact that, for most adults, the 10K distance is long enough to represent a challenge but short enough to remain accessible for an untrained runner.[4][5]

Most popular 10K races are an annual fixture in a city or area and typically incorporate an element of charity running, where participants raise funds for a cause based upon their completion of the course. Members of the public may take part in the races as a competition or simply for pleasure as a fun run. Some races also allow wheelchair racers to enter. Traditional New Year's Day races in Europe (Silvesterlauf) are often held over 10K.

The accessibility of the distance, and road running in general, has meant that local governments and health charities often form partnerships with races as a way of promoting physical fitness among the general public.[6] Medical organisations, fitness groups, drinks manufacturers and sportswear companies are typical commercial sponsors of 10K events.[7][8]

The 10-kilometre metric distance has been used for road running events for a large portion of the modern era of athletics – the BěchovicePrague race is one of the longest-running events over the distance, having first been held in 1897.[9][10] In Western countries using imperial measurements, the 6-mile run (9.7 km) was once more prevalent, but many long-running events (such as the Cincinnati Thanksgiving Day Race and Saltwell Road Race) have adapted their courses to match the metric distance.[11]

Professional 10K runningEdit

At the professional level, there are many races which offer significant prize money to athletes who achieve a high finishing position in the race. At the highest level, annual prize money can total over US$100,000 at races such as the World's Best 10K, Peachtree Road Race, Apryle Showers Run - Florida's Fastest 10K and World 10K Bangalore.[12][13]

 
Mo Farah, Micah Kogo and Chris Thompson in the elite men's race at the London 10000 in 2010

The 10K road distance has never featured on the event programmes of the Athletics at the Summer Olympics or the IAAF World Championships in Athletics. However, it did briefly have its own individual championship for women in the form of the IAAF World Women's Road Race Championships, which was contested over ten kilometres in 1983 and 1984.[14] As a result, the highest level 10K road competitions occur at individual races run by race promoters, who attract elite international level runners through prize money and appearance fees. These types of races are held in all parts of the world, but the highest calibre races are mainly concentrated in the United States, Canada, Europe and East Asia.

The world records for the 10K road distance are 26:44 minutes for men (Leonard Patrick Komon, 2010) and 29:43 minutes for women (Joyciline Jepkosgei, 2017).[15][16] Performances over ten kilometres on the roads were not recognised as world records by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) until 2003 and instead the fastest times were referred to as "world bests". This changed in August 2003 when the IAAF Congress approved world record status for a number of specified road distances, including the 10 km.[17]

As with other forms of professional long-distance running, East African athletes have been dominant in the 10K distance since the 1990s. As of September 2018, all ten of the fastest male 10K runners are East African (nine of them Kenyan), while nine of the top ten female runners are Kenyan.

Area recordsEdit

  • World records are in bold. Correct as of June 2018.[18][19]
Area Men   Women
Time Athlete Nation   Time Athlete Nation
Africa 26:44 Leonard Komon   Kenya 29:43 Joyciline Jepkosgei   Kenya
Asia 27:51 Abraham Cheroben   Bahrain 30:05 Violah Jepchumba   Bahrain
Europe 27:25 Julien Wanders    Switzerland 30:05 Lonah Chemtai Salpeter   Israel
North, Central America
and Caribbean
27:23 Mark Nenow   United States 30:52 Shalane Flanagan   United States
Oceania 27:28 Zane Robertson   New Zealand 31:17 Benita Willis   Australia
South America 27:48 Marilson dos Santos   Brazil 32:03 Carmem de Oliveira   Brazil

All-time Top 25Edit

  • + = en route to longer performance
  • a = aided road course according to IAAF rule 260.28

MenEdit

  • Correct as of September 2019.[20]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 26:41 a Jacob Kiplimo   Uganda 31 December 2018 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [21]
2 26:44 Leonard Patrick Komon   Kenya 26 September 2010 Singelloop Utrecht Utrecht
3 26:46 Rhonex Kipruto   Kenya 8 September 2018 Prague Grand Prix Prague [22]
4 26:54 a Eliud Kipchoge   Kenya 31 December 2006 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid
26:54 a Zersenay Tadese   Eritrea 31 December 2006 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid
26:54 a Abadi Hadis   Ethiopia 31 December 2018 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [23]
7 27:01 Micah Kipkemboi Kogo   Kenya 29 March 2009 Parelloop Brunssum
8 27:02 Haile Gebrselassie   Ethiopia 11 December 2002 QSI 10k Road Race Doha [24]
Geoffrey Koech   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [25]
10 27:04 Joseph Kimani   Kenya 4 July 1996 Peachtree Road Race Atlanta
27:04 Josphat Kiprono Menjo   Kenya 18 April 2010 Cursa de Bombers Barcelona
12 27:07 Mathew Kimeli   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [26]
13 27:09 Peter Kamais Lotagor   Kenya 6 September 2009 Tilburg 10K Tilburg
14 27:10 Benard Kimeli   Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague [27]
15 27:11 Sammy Kipketer   Kenya 30 March 2002 Crescent City Classic New Orleans
Sammy Kirop Kitwara   Kenya 26 September 2010 Singelloop Utrecht Utrecht
17 27:12 Bravin Kiptoo   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [28]
18 27:13 Stephen Kissa   Uganda 17 March 2019 10K de Laredo Laredo
19 27:15+ James Mwangi Wangari   Kenya 18 September 2016 Copenhagen Half Marathon Copenhagen
20 27:16 Joshua Cheptegei   Uganda 14 October 2018 City to Surf Run 10K Durban [29]
21 27:19 Moses Ndiema Masai   Kenya 28 February 2010 World's Best 10K San Juan
Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai   Kenya 26 June 2011 Boston 10K Boston
23 27:21 Vincent Kibet   Kenya 14 October 2018 Grand 10 Berlin Berlin [30]
Shadrack Koech   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [31]
25 27:22 Martin Irungu Mathathi   Kenya 28 March 2010 Parelloop Brunssum
Maxwell Kortek   Uganda 20 May 2018 Tribuna FM-Unilus Santos [32]
27:22+ Joseph Ebuya   Kenya 24 October 2010 Great South Run Portsmouth
Samuel Tsegay   Eritrea 18 September 2011 Dam tot Damloop Amsterdam

NotesEdit

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 27:22:

WomenEdit

  • Correct as of September 2019.[33]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 29:43 Joyciline Jepkosgei   Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague [27]
2 29:54 a Brigid Kosgei   Kenya 31 December 2018 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [34]
3 29:57 Sheila Chepkirui   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [35]
Dorcas Kimeli   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [36]
5 29:59 a Hellen Obiri   Kenya 31 December 2018 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [37]
6 30:05+ Violah Jepchumba   Bahrain 1 April 2017 Prague Half Marathon Prague [38]
30:05 Lonah Chemtai Salpeter   Israel 1 September 2019 Tilburg Ten Miles Tilburg [39]
8 30:06 Fancy Chemutai   Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague [27]
9 30:07 Norah Jeruto   Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [40]
10 30:14+ Joan Chelimo   Kenya 7 April 2018 Prague Half Marathon Prague [41]
11 30:15 Tsehay Gemechu   Ethiopia 13 January 2019 10K Valencia Ibercaja Valencia [42]
12 30:19 Caroline Chepkoech Kipkirui   Kenya 8 September 2018 Prague Grand Prix Prague [43]
13 30:21 Paula Radcliffe   United Kingdom 23 February 2003 World's Best 10K San Juan
14 30:23 Diana Kipyokei   Kenya 8 September 2018 Prague Grand Prix Prague [44]
15 30:26 Gloriah Kite   Kenya 13 January 2019 10K Valencia Ibercaja Valencia [45]
16 30:27 a Isabella Ochichi   Kenya 26 March 2005 Crescent City Classic New Orleans
30:27 Caroline Kimosop   Kenya 14 May 2016 Apuana Trail Uberlândia
18 30:29 Asmae Leghzaoui   Morocco 8 June 2002 New York Mini 10K New York City
19 30:30 Tirunesh Dibaba   Ethiopia 1 September 2013 Tilburg 10K Tilburg
20 30:32 a Lornah Kiplagat   Kenya 4 July 2002 Peachtree Road Race Atlanta
21 30:34+ Worknesh Degefa   Ethiopia 2 April 2016 Prague Half Marathon Prague
22 30:35+ Mary Jepkosgei Keitany   Kenya 8 February 2018 Ras al-Khaimah Half Marathon Ras al-Khaimah
23 30:37 Joyce Chepkirui   Kenya 13 October 2013 Grand 10 Berlin Berlin
30:37+ Sifan Hassan   Netherlands 16 September 2018 Copenhagen Half Marathon Copenhagen [46]
25 30:38 Tadelech Bekele   Ethiopia 13 October 2013 Grand 10 Berlin Berlin
Senbere Teferi   Ethiopia 3 September 2017 Tilburg 10K Tilburg

NotesEdit

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 30:38:

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Largest races. Running USA. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  2. ^ Peachtree Through the Years 1970-2013. Peachtree Road Race. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  3. ^ History of The Vancouver Sun Run. Vancouver Sun Run (2012-11-19). Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  4. ^ Ryder, Samantha (2009-01-20). Running: Top 10k races. Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  5. ^ Run your fastest 10K. Men's Health. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  6. ^ 5k, 10k and 10 mile runs. British Heart Foundation. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  7. ^ Bupa Running. Bupa. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  8. ^ Partners and Sponsors. Great Run. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  9. ^ Bechovice-Prague 10 km. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  10. ^ Běchovice Praha. Běchovice–Praha. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  11. ^ Longest Running Road Races. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  12. ^ Welcome to World Class Running. Professional Road Running Organization. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  13. ^ AWARDS & ACCOLADES WORLD 10K CATEGORY (Including Nation's Challenge) Archived 2013-07-02 at Archive.today. Procam Running. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  14. ^ IAAF World Women's Road Race Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  15. ^ 10 Kilometres - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  16. ^ 10 Kilometres - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  17. ^ IAAF Congress approves world records for selected events on the road and agrees to accept World Antidoping Code. IAAF (2003-08-21). Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  18. ^ Road Running - 10 Kilometres Men. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  19. ^ Road Running - 10 Kilometres Women. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  20. ^ "All-time men's best 10km road race". alltime-athletics.com. 1 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  21. ^ Emeterio Valiente (31 Dec 2018). "Kiplimo Clocks 26:41 over 10km". IAAF. Retrieved 31 Dec 2018.
  22. ^ Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2018). "Kipruto threatens world 10km record at Prague Grand Prix". IAAF. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  23. ^ Emeterio Valiente (31 Dec 2018). "Kiplimo Clocks 26:41 over 10km". IAAF. Retrieved 31 Dec 2018.
  24. ^ https://www.generali-berliner-halbmarathon.de/news-center/newsarchiv/detail/iaaf-golden-league-in-bruessel-maria-mutola-kann-eine-million-dollar-gewinnen/
  25. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  26. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  27. ^ a b c Bob Ramsak (9 September 2017). "Jepkosgei smashes world 10km record in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  28. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Wanders smashes European 10km record with 27:32 in Durban". European Athletics. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Vincent Kibet Grand 10 Berlin 2018 Result". mikatiming.de. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Shadrack Koech Prague Grand Prix 2019 Result". runczech.com. 8 September 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Atleta de Uganda faz terceiro melhor tempo do ano na Tribuna". revistacontrarelogio.com.br (in Portuguese). 21 May 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  33. ^ "All-time women's best 10km road race". alltime-athletics.com. 1 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  34. ^ Emeterio Valiente (31 December 2018). "Kiplimo Clocks 26:41 over 10km". IAAF. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  35. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  36. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  37. ^ Emeterio Valiente (31 December 2018). "Kiplimo Clocks 26:41 over 10km". IAAF. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  38. ^ Jon Mulkeen (1 April 2017). "Jepkosgei breaks four world records at Prague Half Marathon". IAAF. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  39. ^ "Chemtai Salpeter smashes European 10km record with 30:05 in Tilburg". European Athletics. 1 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  40. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  41. ^ "Joan Melly Chelimo Prague Half Marathon 2018 Result". runczech.com. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  42. ^ Emeterio Valiente (13 January 2019). "Gemechu smashes Ethiopian 10km record in Valencia". IAAF. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  43. ^ Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2018). "Kipruto threatens world 10km record at Prague Grand Prix". IAAF. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  44. ^ Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2018). "Kipruto threatens world 10km record at Prague Grand Prix". IAAF. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  45. ^ Emeterio Valiente (13 January 2019). "Gemechu smashes Ethiopian 10km record in Valencia". IAAF. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  46. ^ "Sifan Hassan Copenhagen Half Marathon 2018 Result". cphhalf.dk. 16 September 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-09-19. Retrieved 18 September 2018.