101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery
|101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery|
|Part of||1st Artillery Brigade|
|Garrison/HQ||Napier Armoury, Gateshead|
|Equipment||M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System|
The origins of the Regiment can be traced back to 1860 when Artillery Volunteer units were raised in the United Kingdom, as a result of threats of a French invasion. This continued through the formation of the Territorial Force in 1908, and the re-forming of the Territorial Army in 1947.
The Regiment was formed on the restructuring of the Territorial Army in April 1967. It was formed from 272 Field Regiment RA (Northumbrian) TA (formed in 1916, known as 72 Field Regiment until 1947 and based at the Barrack Road drill hall in Newcastle upon Tyne), 274 Field Regiment (Northumbrian) RA (TA) (formed in 1938, known as 74 Field Regiment until 1947 and based at South Shields), 324 Heavy Air Defence Regiment RA (TA) (raised in 1947 and based in Gosforth) and 439 Light Air Defence Regiment (formed in 1955 and based in Tynemouth).
The new regiment was equipped with BL 5.5-inch Medium Guns and had its headquarters at the Army Reserve centre at Barrack Road in Newcastle upon Tyne. In 1976, it was redesignated as a Field Regiment and re-equipped with the 105mm light gun. Around 1990, the regimental headquarters moved to Gateshead. In 2006, 269 (West Riding) Battery Royal Artillery was transferred from 106th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery to this regiment.
Under Army 2020, its role is more specific. All batteries were re-roled to the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System. It was paired with 39 Regiment until the end of March 2015, and with 3 RHA afterwards. It will also support 1 RHA, 19 and 26 RA.
The batteries are as follows:
- 203 (Elswick) Battery Royal Artillery (MLRS)
- 204 (Tyneside Scottish) Battery Royal Artillery (STA)--Re-role to Multiple Launch Rocket System by Army 2020
- 205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery (MLRS)
- 269 (West Riding) Battery Royal Artillery (STA)--Re-role to Multiple Launch Rocket System by Army 2020
- 101 Regt RA Workshop REME
The Regiment has received the Freedom of several locations throughout its history; these include:
- "History of the Army Reserve". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- Hewitson, p. 173
- "101st (Northumbrian) Regiment". Archived from the original on December 18, 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Army 2020 Report, page 12" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 10, 2014.
- "101 Regiment Batteries". Archived from the original on 22 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Summary of Army 2020 Reserve Structure and Basing Changes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2013.
- "Freemen of Newcastle | Newcastle City Council". www.newcastle.gov.uk.
- "Northumberland County Council - Roads to close temporarily for Saturday's freedom parade".
- Hewitson, T L (2006). Weekend Warriors. Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-3756-9.
- Litchfield, Norman E H, 1992. The Territorial Artillery 1908-1988, The Sherwood Press, Nottingham. ISBN 0-9508205-2-0
- Osborne, Mike, 2006. Always Ready: The Drill Halls of Britain's Volunteer Forces, Partizan Press, Essex. ISBN 1-85818-509-2