101 Dalmatians (franchise)

101 Dalmatians is an American media franchise owned by The Walt Disney Company and based on Dodie Smith's 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians. It began in 1961 with the release of the traditionally animated feature film, One Hundred and One Dalmatians. Various adaptations produced from Disney have been released over the years.

101 Dalmatians
101 Dalmatians Logo.svg
Official franchise logo
Created by
Original workThe Hundred and One Dalmatians
by Dodie Smith
OwnerThe Walt Disney Company
Films and television
Television seriesOnce Upon a Time (2014-2016)‡
Animated series
Television film(s)Descendants (2015)‡
Direct-to-video101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure (2003)
Video game(s)
  • 101 Dalmatian Street had sneak peek airings in 2018 before its official debut in 2019.
  • Work contains characters based on those from this franchise.


The source for the first film is the 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians, written by Dodie Smith. From this The Walt Disney Company developed and expanded the franchise into other media. Smith wrote a 1967 sequel, The Starlight Barking, but this has not been used as source material for any of Disney's work.



Film U.S.
release date
Directed by Written by Produced by
One Hundred and One Dalmatians January 25, 1961 (1961-01-25) Wolfgang Reitherman, Hamilton S. Luske & Clyde Geronimi Bill Peet Walt Disney
101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure January 21, 2003 (2003-01-21) Jim Kammerud & Brian Smith Screenplay by: Jim Kammerud, Brian Smith, Michael Lucker & Temple Mathews
Story by: Jim Kammerud, Dan Root, Garrett K. Schiff & Brian Smith
Carolyn Bates & Leslie Hough

One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961)Edit

A 1961 American animated adventure comedy-drama film produced by Walt Disney based on the novel by Dodie Smith. The 17th Disney animated feature film, it was originally released to theaters on January 25, 1961 by Buena Vista Distribution.[1]

101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure (2003)Edit

A 2003 American direct-to-video animated adventure musical comedy-drama film produced by Disney Television Animation, and released by Walt Disney Home Entertainment on January 21, 2003. The film is the sequel to the 1961 Disney animated film One Hundred and One Dalmatians.[2]

The plot involves the titular scrappy puppy who must come to the rescue of his 98 siblings, after villainous Cruella dognaps them once again.

Live actionEdit

Film U.S.
release date
Directed by Written by Produced by
101 Dalmatians November 27, 1996 (1996-11-27) Stephen Herek John Hughes John Hughes & Ricardo Mestres
102 Dalmatians November 22, 2000 (2000-11-22) Kevin Lima Screenplay by: Kristen Buckley, Brian Regan, Bob Tzudiker & Noni White
Story by: Kristen Buckley & Brian Regan
Edward S. Feldman
Cruella May 28, 2021 (2021-05-28) Craig Gillespie Screenplay by: Dana Fox & Tony McNamara
Story by: Aline Brosh McKenna, Kelly Marcel & Steve Zissis
Andrew Gunn, Marc Platt & Kristin Burr
Untitled Cruella sequel TBA Tony McNamara TBA

101 Dalmatians filmsEdit

101 Dalmatians (1996)Edit

A 1996 American live-action family comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Stephen Herek. It is the second adaptation of Dodie Smith's 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians produced by Walt Disney Pictures following the 1961 animated adventure comedy film of the same name. The film stars Glenn Close as the iconic villainess Cruella de Vil, and Jeff Daniels as Roger, the owner of the 101 dalmatians.

102 Dalmatians (2000)Edit

A 2000 British-American live-action family comedy film directed by Kevin Lima in his directorial debut and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It is the sequel to the 1996 film 101 Dalmatians and stars Glenn Close reprising her role as Cruella de Vil as she attempts to steal puppies for her "grandest" fur coat yet. Among the puppies she plans to use are the children of Dipstick, a son of Pongo and Perdita. Glenn Close and Tim McInnerny were the only actors from the first film to return for the sequel.

Potential third 101 Dalmatians filmEdit

In May 2021, Glenn Close revealed that while working on Cruella as an executive producer, she wrote a new story as a sequel to the films where she would reprise the role of Cruella De Vil. The plot would involve the character in New York City, New York.[3]

Cruella filmsEdit

Cruella (2021)Edit

In September 2013, it was announced that a reboot film, centered around Cruella de Vil titled Cruella, was in development. Andrew Gunn and Glenn Close signed on as producer and executive producer, respectively.[4] By October, Aline Brosh McKenna was hired to write the screenplay.[5] In January 2016, Kelly Marcel was announced to serve as screenwriter, replacing McKenna.[6] In April 2016, after being in early-negotiations to star in the film, Emma Stone accepted the titular role.[7] By December, it was announced that Marc Platt will also serve as a producer on the project, while Alex Timbers entered negotiations to direct. The story was confirmed to be an origin story for the character, and to take place during the 1970s.[8] Costume designer Jenny Beavan, later stated that her role on the film was to help Stone appear as a younger 1970s portrayal of Close's 1990s role in 101 Dalmatians; confirming the shared continuity between the films.[9] By December 2018, Timbers dropped out of his directing role due to scheduling conflicts, while Craig Gillespie was hired to replace him.[10] In May 2019, Emma Thompson and Paul Walter Hauser joined production in co-starring roles.[11] By July, Tony McNamara and Dana Fox were hired to co-write a new draft of the script.[12] Additionally in the same month, Joel Fry, Paul Walter Hauser, Mark Strong, Emily Beecham and Kirby Howell-Baptiste joined the cast, respectively.[13][14][15]

The film was scheduled to be theatrically released on December 23, 2020,[16] but was later pushed back to May 28, 2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The film was eventually released on May 28, 2021 theatrically and on Disney+ with Premier Access.[17]


Craig Gillespie and each of the film's respective stars expressed interest in a sequel that would have the style of The Godfather Part II.[18] By June 2021, a sequel was announced to be officially in development. Gillespie will return as director with a script by Tony McNamara.[19] In August 2021, Stone closed a deal to reprise her role in the sequel.[20]

Additional crew and production detailsEdit

Film Crew/Detail
Composer Cinematographer Editor Production
Running time
One Hundred and One Dalmatians George Bruns   Roy M. Brewer, Jr.
Donald Halliday
Walt Disney Productions Buena Vista Distribution Company 1hr 19mins
101 Dalmatians II:
Patch's London Adventure
Richard Gibbs   Ron Price
Robert S. Bichard
Walt Disney Pictures
Disney Video Premieres
Walt Disney Television Animation
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment 1hr 10mins
101 Dalmatians Michael Kamen Adrian Biddle Trudy Ship Wizzer Productions
Walt Disney Pictures
Great Oaks Entertainment
Buena Vista Pictures Distribution 1hr 43mins
102 Dalmatians David Newman Gregory Perler Cruella Productions
Walt Disney Pictures
Kanzaman S.A.M. Films
Buena Vista Pictures 1hr 40mins
Cruella Nicholas Britell Nicolas Karakatsanis Tatiana S. Riegel Walt Disney Pictures
Gunn Films
Marc Platt Productions
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures 2hrs 14mins

Television seriesEdit

SeriesSeasonSegmentsEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwork
101 Dalmatians: The Series12112September 13, 1997 (1997-09-13)January 10, 1998 (1998-01-10)ABC
28453September 1, 1997 (1997-09-01)March 4, 1998 (1998-03-04)Syndication
101 Dalmatian Street14726March 18, 2019 (2019-03-18)February 22, 2020 (2020-02-22)Disney Channel

101 Dalmatians: The Series (1997-1998)Edit

An American animated television series produced by Walt Disney Television Animation in association with Jumbo Pictures. The show ran from 1997 to 1998. It is based on a combination of the 1961 original animated film, and its 1996 live-action remake. The series as a whole, follows the adventures of the numerous puppies from the Disney franchise. Three puppies in particular, Lucky, Rolly and Cadpig, are the main focus of the show along with their friend Spot, a chicken who wants to be a dog.

101 Dalmatian Street (2019-2020)Edit

A British-Canadian Toon-Boom animated television comedy series, set in 21st-century London, which follows the adventures of Dylan and his sister Dolly. Dylan and Dolly are descendants of Pongo and Perdita, who protect and take care of their 97 younger siblings. After first airing sneak peeks in 2018, the series officially premiered in the UK on March 18, 2019, and concluded on February 22, 2020, after only one season. Meanwhile, in Canada, the entire series was released as a streaming television series on Disney+ on February 28, 2020.

Related productionsEdit

Once Upon a Time (2014-2018)Edit

The Disney's version of Cruella De Vil appears in the fourth and fifth seasons of the live-action television series Once Upon a Time. She is portrayed by actress Victoria Smurfit. In the series, Cruella is a witch who possesses the power to control animals.[21] Smurfit also played an alternate version of the character in the series' penultimate episode, "Homecoming".[22]

Descendants (2015)Edit

Cruella De Vil appears in the 2015 American live-action musical Disney Channel Original Movie Descendants. She is portrayed by actress Wendy Raquel Robinson.

The film's plot involves Ben, the teenage son of King Beast and Queen Belle, who invites the exiled children of defeated villains to attend a preparatory school with the heroes' children; among them is Carlos, the 14-year-old son of Cruella, whom she abuses and treats like a servant, making him sleep near the bear traps she uses to guard her fur coats. Along with other villains, Cruella has been exiled to the Isle of the Lost, where she has lived for at least twenty years.

Other mediaEdit

Video gamesEdit

  • Math Antics with Disney's 101 Dalmatians (1996): a video game developed by Appaloosa Interactive, Disney Interactive and published by Sega on the Sega Pico.
  • 101 Dalmatians: Activity Center (1996): Part of the Disney's Activity Center series of games released by Disney Interactive.
  • 101 Dalmatians Print Studio (1997): Part of the Disney's Print Studio series of games released by Disney Interactive.
  • Disney's Animated Storybook: 101 Dalmatians (1997): A point-and-click video game released by Disney Interactive for the PC. The game retold the plot of the 1996 live action film through an animated storybook with interactive games, and songs.
  • 101 Dalmatians: Escape from DeVil Manor (1997): A computer game created by Disney Interactive. The game was based on the 1996 live-action movie, although the character designs were based on the original animated film.
  • 102 Dalmatians: Puppies to the Rescue (2000): A video game based on the live-action Disney film 102 Dalmatians. The game was released on the Sega Dreamcast and Sony PlayStation.
  • 102 Dalmatians Activity Center (2001): A part of the Disney's Activity Center series of games, released by Disney Interactive.
  • 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure (2003): An action-adventure/platforming game based on the film of the same name. It was developed by Digital Eclipse Software, Inc. and published by Eidos Interactive for the Sony PlayStation. It was released on November 20, 2003 exclusively in North America.

Disney Parks and ResortsEdit

One Hundred and One Dalmatians has a small presence at the Disney Parks and Resorts mainly through shops and occasional shows. Cruella is the only meetable character from the franchise and is usually located on Main Street, U.S.A.

Recurring cast and charactersEdit

List indicator(s)

This section shows characters who will appear or have appeared in more than two films in the series.

  • An empty, dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film, or that the character's official presence has not yet been confirmed.
  •  A indicates an appearance through archival footage.
  •  C indicates a cameo role.
  •  V indicates a voice-only role.
  •  Y indicates a younger version of the character.
Characters Animated films Live-action films Animated series Video game
One Hundred and One Dalmatians 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure 101 Dalmatians 102 Dalmatians Cruella 101 Dalmatians:
The Series
101 Dalmatian Street 102 Dalmatians:
Puppies to the Rescue
Season 1 Season 2


Pongo Rod Taylor Samuel West Frank WelkerV   Uncredited Dalmatian Kevin Schon Photograph  
Perdita Cate Bauer Kath Soucie   Pam Dawber  
Lucky Mimi Gibson Ben Tibber   Pamela Adlon  
Debi Mae West
Patch Mickey Maga Bobby Lockwood   Justin Shenkarow  
Rolly Barbara Baird Eli Russel Linnetz   Kath Soucie  
Sergeant Tibbs David Frankham   Jeff Bennett   Eddie Izzard
Colonel J. Pat O'Malley   Uncredited Old English Sheepdog   Jim Cummings  
Thunderbolt Silent role Barry Bostwick   Frank Welker  
Dipstick   Uncredited Dalmatian   Thom Adcox-Hernandez   Jeff Bennett
Waddlesworth   Eric IdleV   Eric Idle


Cruella de Vil
Estella "Ella" von Hellman
Betty Lou Gerson Susanne Blakeslee Glenn Close Emma Stone April Winchell Michelle Gomez Susanne Blakeslee
Tipper Seifert-ClevelandY Tress MacNeille
Jasper Badun J. Pat O'Malley Jeff Bennett Hugh Laurie   Joel Fry Michael McKean   Jeff Bennett
Ziggy GardnerY
Horace Badun Frederick Worlock Maurice LaMarche Mark Williams   Paul Walter Hauser David L. Lander   Maurice LaMarche
Joseph MacDonaldY
Nanny Martha Wentworth Mary MacLeod Joan Plowright   Charlotte Rae  
Roger Radcliffe / Dearly Bill Lee Tim Bentinck Jeff Daniels   Kayvan Novak Jeff Bennett  
Anita Radcliffe / Dearly
Anita "Tattletale" Darling
Lisa Davis Jodi Benson Joely Richardson   Kirby Howell-Baptiste Kath Soucie  
Florisa KamaraY
Alonzo   Tim McInnerny  
Jean-Pierre LePelt   Gérard Depardieu   Jess Harnell


Box office and financial performanceEdit

Film Box office gross Box office ranking Worldwide
video sales
gross income
Budget Ref.
North America Other territories Worldwide All time
North America
One Hundred and One Dalmatians $302,698,419 $301,581 $303,000,000 #365 #11,972 $88,120,888 $391,120,888 $3,300,000 [23][24][25]
101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Information not publicly available
101 Dalmatians $136,189,294 $168,010,706 $304,200,000 #447 #556 Information not publicly available >$304,200,000 $75,000,000 [26][27]
102 Dalmatians $66,957,026 $116,654,745 $183,611,771 #1,239 #2,302 Information not publicly available >$183,611,771 $85,000,000 [28][29]

Critical and public responseEdit

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
One Hundred and One Dalmatians 98% (52 reviews)[30] 83/100 (10 reviews)[31] B+[32]
101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure 67% (6 reviews)[33] N/A N/A
101 Dalmatians 41% (37 reviews)[34] 49/100 (20 reviews)[35] A[32]
102 Dalmatians 31% (92 reviews)[36] 35/100 (24 reviews)[37] B+[32]
Cruella 74% (373 reviews)[38] 60/100 (24 reviews)[39] A[32]


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  3. ^ Malkin, Marc (May 5, 2021). "Glenn Close Talks Wanting to Play Cruella Again and Her New Jazz Album (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
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  5. ^ "Disney is making a live-action Cruella de Vil movie". Entertainment Weekly. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
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