Open main menu

100 Greatest African Americans

100 Greatest African Americans is a biographical dictionary of one hundred historically great Black Americans (in alphabetical order; that is, they are not ranked), as assessed by Temple University professor Molefi Kete Asante in 2002.

100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia
100 Greatest African Americans.jpg
AuthorMolefi Kete Asante
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
SubjectAfrican-American biographies
Published2002
PublisherPrometheus Books
Media typePrint
Pages345
ISBN978-1-57392-963-9

Contents

CriteriaEdit

Asante used five factors in establishing the list:

  • "significance in the general progress of African-Americans toward full equality in the American social and political system"
  • "self-sacrifice and a willingness to take great risks for the collective good"
  • "unusual will and determination in the face of great danger and against the most stubborn odds"
  • "a consistent posture toward raising the social, cultural and economic status of African Americans"
  • "personal achievement that reveals the best qualities of the African American people"

It was positively reviewed in Reference and User Services Quarterly in 2003, while noting the subjectivity in judging greatness, particularly for contemporary individuals.[1]

The listEdit

  1. Hank Aaron
  2. Ira Aldridge
  3. Muhammad Ali
  4. Richard Allen
  5. Marian Anderson
  6. Maya Angelou
  7. Arthur Ashe
  8. Crispus Attucks
  9. James Baldwin
  10. Benjamin Banneker
  11. Amiri Baraka
  12. Romare Bearden
  13. Mary McLeod Bethune
  14. Guion Bluford
  15. Arna Bontemps
  16. Edward W. Brooke
  17. Gwendolyn Brooks
  18. Blanche K. Bruce
  19. Ralph Bunche
  20. George Washington Carver
  21. Shirley Chisholm
  22. Kenneth B. Clark
  23. John Henrik Clarke
  24. John Coltrane
  25. Alexander Crummell
  26. Countee Cullen
  27. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
  28. Martin R. Delany
  29. Frederick Douglass
  30. Charles Drew
  31. W. E. B. Du Bois
  32. Paul Laurence Dunbar
  33. Katherine Dunham
  34. Duke Ellington
  35. James Forten
  36. John Hope Franklin
  37. Henry Highland Garnet
  38. Marcus Garvey
  39. Prince Hall
  40. Fannie Lou Hamer
  41. Lorraine Hansberry
  42. Dorothy Height
  43. Matthew Henson
  44. Charles Hamilton Houston
  45. Langston Hughes
  46. Zora Neale Hurston
  47. Jesse Jackson
  48. Mae Jemison
  49. Jack Johnson
  50. James Weldon Johnson
  51. John H. Johnson
  52. Percy Julian
  53. Ernest Just
  54. Maulana Karenga
  55. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  56. Edmonia Lewis
  57. Alain Locke
  58. Joe Louis
  59. Thurgood Marshall
  60. Benjamin E. Mays
  61. Elijah McCoy
  62. Claude McKay
  63. Oscar Micheaux
  64. Dorie Miller
  65. Garrett Morgan
  66. Toni Morrison
  67. Elijah Muhammad
  68. Jesse Owens
  69. Rosa Parks
  70. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
  71. Colin Powell
  72. A. Philip Randolph
  73. Hiram Revels
  74. Paul Robeson
  75. Jackie Robinson
  76. John Russwurm
  77. Arturo Schomburg
  78. Benjamin "Pop" Singleton
  79. Mary Church Terrell
  80. William Monroe Trotter
  81. Sojourner Truth
  82. Harriet Tubman
  83. Kwame Ture
  84. Henry McNeal Turner
  85. Nat Turner
  86. David Walker
  87. Madame C. J. Walker
  88. Booker T. Washington
  89. Ida B. Wells-Barnett
  90. Phillis Wheatley
  91. Walter F. White
  92. Roy Wilkins
  93. Daniel Hale Williams
  94. August Wilson
  95. Oprah Winfrey
  96. Tiger Woods?
  97. Carter G. Woodson
  98. Richard Wright
  99. Malcolm X}}

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hughes, M. Elaine (Summer 2003). "'100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia' Book Review". Reference and User Services Quarterly. 42 (4): 356.