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The 1000 Kilometres of Monza (known after 1966 as "Trofeo Filippo Caracciolo") was an endurance race, mainly for sports cars, which was held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Italy.

1000 kilometres of Monza
Monza track map.svg
VenueAutodromo Nazionale Monza
First race1949
First LMS race2004
Last race2008
Distance1,000 km (620 mi)
Previous namesCoppa Inter-Europa
Supercortemaggiore
Most wins (driver)Jacky Ickx (3)
Most wins (team)Scuderia Ferrari (9)
Most wins (manufacturer)Ferrari (18)

OverviewEdit

Despite its title, the race has been run at shorter lengths (most notably in the late 1970s and early 1990s, before the demise of the World Sportscar Championship in 1992). The Coppa Intereuropa was first held in 1949[1] on a 6.3-km (3.9-mi) circuit. The race length was expanded to 1,000 km in 1954; in 1956, it was held on a 10-km (6.2-mi) circuit. The race was shortened and returned to the 6.3-km track the following year. In 1960 and 1961, it was part of the FIA GT Cup.

In 1963, the race was held as a three-hour event for production-based cars in the World Sportscar Championship before its expansion to 1,000 km in 1965. Until 1969, the full Monza circuit (including the banked oval) was used. To slow the cars, chicanes were installed in 1965 at the beginning of the second bank (the south curve) and in 1966 at the beginning of the other bank. A lap was 10.1 km long, for a total distance of 1,010 km (100 laps). From 1970 to 2008, the shorter Grand Prix circuit (about 5.8 km) was used for 173 laps.

HistoryEdit

  • 1976 - The World Sportscar Championship was split into two series. The first, for production cars, was called the World Championship for Makes. The second, for prototype cars, was called the World Sports car Championship. The Monza race was eligible for the latter in 1976 and 1977.
  • 1978 - The World Sports Car Championship was cancelled and the race was reconfigured for 320 km, making it eligible for the European Sportscar Championship.
  • 1979 - After the European Championship was cancelled, the race was eligible for the Italian championship.
  • 1980 - The race again became eligible for the World Sportscar Championship.
  • 1989 - It was cancelled due to financial problems with the Automobile Club of Milan and for the rebuilding of boxes and paddock facilities.
  • 1992 - The race was used on and off by various series, including the BPR Global GT Series, the Italian GT Championship, and the Challenge Endurance Italia series in 1997 and 1998. The FIA Sportscar Championship hosted the 1,000 km in 2001.
  • 1995 and 1996 - The race was valid for the BPR Global GT Series, reserved for GT cars with the four-hour format.
  • 1998 - Did not qualify for an international championship. It returned to the 1,000-kilometre distance, and was re-opened to sports cars.
  • 1999 - The distance was reduced to 500 km, and it again became eligible for the international SportsRacing World Cup championship.
  • 2000 - Although the race was run at 500 km, it was called "1,000 km" because another 500-km race (for the FIA GT Championship) was held that morning.
  • 2001 - Returning to the 1,000-kilometre distance, the race was eligible for the FIA Sportscar Championship.
  • 2003 - After a year off, the race returned to the 500-kilometre distance.
  • 2004 - the race was resumed as part of the Le Mans Series.
  • 2006 - The race, part of the Le Mans Series, was cancelled due to protests about noise pollution.[2]
  • 2007 - Agreements were reached to allow the event to return to the Le Mans Series.

The race was not held from 2008 to 2017, when a four-hour race was scheduled as part of the 2017 European Le Mans Series.

WinnersEdit

Year Drivers Team Car Time Distance Championship
6.3 km (3.9 mi) circuit
1949   Bruno Sterzi   Bruno Sterzi Ferrari 166 S 392.867 km (244.116 mi) Non-championship
1950   Consalvo Sanesi Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Sperimentale 2:00:00.000 294.867 km (183.222 mi) Non-championship
1951   Luigi Villoresi   Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 212 MM 2:00:00.000 286.940 km (178.296 mi) Non-championship
1952   Bruno Sterzi   Bruno Sterzi Ferrari 225 S 2:00:00.000 305.460 km (189.804 mi) Non-championship
1953   Luigi Villoresi   Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 MM Berlinetta 2:30:49.700 441.000 km (274.025 mi) Non-championship
1954   Mike Hawthorn
  Umberto Maglioli
  Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 735 S 6:13:28.600 1,000 km (620 mi) Non-championship
1955   Jean Behra
  Luigi Musso
  Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 300S 5:41:41.200 1,000 km (620 mi) Non-championship
10.1 km (6.3 mi) circuit
1956   Mike Hawthorn
  Peter Collins
  Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 TR 5:07:13.900 1,000 km (620 mi) Non-championship
5.8 km (3.6 mi) circuit
1957   Camillo Luglio   Cornelia Vassali Ferrari 250 GT 166.796 km (103.642 mi) Non-championship
1958   Luigi Taramazzo Ferrari 250 GT Non-championship
1959   Alfonso Thiele Ferrari 250 GT 173.863 km (108.033 mi) Non-championship
1960   Carlo Mario Abate   Scuderia Serenissima Ferrari 250 GT SWB 518.055 km (321.904 mi) FIA GT Cup
1961   Pierre Noblet Pierre Noblet Ferrari 250 GT SWB 3:00:00.000 533.327 km (331.394 mi) FIA GT Cup
1962 No race
1963   Roy Salvadori   David Brown Aston Martin DP214 3:00:00.000 580.437 km (360.667 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1964   Rob Slotemaker   Ben Pon Porsche 904 GTS 3:00:00.000 550.094 km (341.813 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
10.1 km (6.3 mi) circuit
1965   Jean Guichet
  Mike Parkes
  SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275 P2 4:56.08.000 1,000 km (620 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1966   John Surtees
  Mike Parkes
  SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 330 P3 6:05:11.600 1,000 km (620 mi) International Manufacturers' Championship
1967   Lorenzo Bandini
  Chris Amon
  SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 330 P4 5:07:43.000 1,000 km (620 mi) International Manufacturers' Championship
1968   David Hobbs
  Paul Hawkins
  J.W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 Mk.I 5:18:23.400 1,000 km (620 mi) International Championship for Makes
1969   Jo Siffert
  Brian Redman
  Porsche System Engineering Porsche 908LH 4:53:41.200 1,000 km (620 mi) International Championship for Makes
5.8 km (3.6 mi) circuit
1970   Pedro Rodríguez
  Leo Kinnunen
  J.W. Automotive Engineering Porsche 917K 4:18:01.700 1,000 km (620 mi) International Championship for Makes
1971   Pedro Rodríguez
  Jackie Oliver
  J.W. Automotive Engineering Porsche 917K 4:14:32.600 1,000 km (620 mi) International Championship for Makes
1972   Jacky Ickx
  Clay Regazzoni
  SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB 5:52:05.600 1,000 km (620 mi) World Championship for Makes
1973   Jacky Ickx
  Brian Redman
  SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB 4:04:34.400 1,000 km (620 mi) World Championship for Makes
1974   Arturo Merzario
  Mario Andretti
  Autodelta SpA Alfa Romeo 33TT12 4:45:57:400 1,000 km (620 mi) World Championship for Makes
1975   Arturo Merzario
  Jacques Laffite
  Willi Kauhsen Racing Team Alfa Romeo 33TT12 4:43:21.800 1,000 km (620 mi) World Championship for Makes
1976   Jacky Ickx
  Jochen Mass
  Martini Racing Porsche 936 4:00:54.400 882.810 km (548.553 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1977   Vittorio Brambilla   Autodelta SpA Alfa Romeo 33SC12 2:40:06.000 500 km (310 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1978[3]   Reinhold Joest   Joest Racing-Liquymoly- Porsche 908/3 1:51:17.300 320 km (200 mi) European Sportscar Championship
1979   Renzo Zorzi
  Marco Capoferri
Lola T286-Ford 5:47:26.000 1,000 km (620 mi) Italian Group 6 Championship
1980   Alain de Cadenet
  Desiré Wilson
Alain de Cadenet De Cadenet-Ford 6:01:08.880 [note 1] 1,061.4 km (659.5 mi)[5] World Championship for Makes
Italian Group 6 Championship
1981   Edgar Dören
  Jürgen Lässig
  Gerhard Holup
  Weralit Racing Team Porsche 935 K3 6:33:48.000 1,000 km (620 mi) World Endurance Championship
1982   Henri Pescarolo
  Giorgio Francia
  Automobiles Jean Rondeau Rondeau M382-Ford 5:33:56.200 1,000 km (620 mi) World Endurance Championship
1983   Bob Wollek
  Thierry Boutsen
  Joest Racing Porsche 956 5:12:06.900 1,000 km (620 mi) World Endurance Championship
1984   Stefan Bellof
  Derek Bell
  Rothmans Porsche Porsche 956 5:06:15.800 1,000 km (620 mi) World Endurance Championship
1985   Manfred Winkelhock
  Marc Surer
  Kremer Racing-Porsche Porsche 962C 4:04:41.310 800 km (500 mi)[note 2] World Endurance Championship
1986   Hans-Joachim Stuck
  Derek Bell
  Rothmans Porsche Porsche 962C 1:48:40.290 360 km (220 mi) World Sports Prototype Championship
1987   John Watson
  Jan Lammers
  Silk Cut Jaguar Jaguar XJR-8 5:03:55.370 1,000 km (620 mi) World Sports Prototype Championship
1988   Martin Brundle
  Eddie Cheever
  Silk Cut Jaguar Jaguar XJR-9 4:52:13.520 1,000 km (620 mi) World Sports Prototype Championship
1989 No race
1990   Mauro Baldi
  Jean-Louis Schlesser
  Team Sauber Mercedes Mercedes-Benz C11 2:17:11.735 480 km (300 mi) World Sports Prototype Championship
1991   Martin Brundle
  Derek Warwick
  Silk Cut Jaguar Jaguar XJR-14 2:05:42.844 430 km (270 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1992   Geoff Lees
  Hitoshi Ogawa
  Toyota Team Tom's Toyota TS010 2:16:42.659 500 km (310 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1993-1994 No race
1995   Thomas Bscher
  John Nielsen
  West Competition McLaren F1 GTR 4:01:29.206 725 km (450 mi) BPR Global GT Series
1996   Thomas Bscher
  John Nielsen
  West Competition McLaren F1 GTR 4:01:31.046 736 km (457 mi) BPR Global GT Series
1997   Thomas Bscher
  John Nielsen
  Kremer Racing Kremer K8 Spyder-Porsche 5:33:44.800 1,000 km (620 mi) Challenge Endurance Italia
1998   Thomas Bscher
  Geoff Lees
  GTC Team Davidoff McLaren F1 GTR 5:08:55.952 1,000 km (620 mi) Italian GT Championship
Challenge Endurance Italia
1999   Emmanuel Collard
  Vincenzo Sospiri
  JB Giesse Team Ferrari Ferrari 333 SP 2:29:31.944 500 km (310 mi) SportsRacing World Cup
2000   Mauro Baldi
  Gary Formato
  R & M Riley & Scott Mk III-Judd 2:42:31.807 500 km (310 mi) SportsRacing World Cup
2001   Giovanni Lavaggi
  Christian Vann
  GLV Brums Ferrari 333 SP-Judd 5:17:08.756 1,000 km (620 mi) FIA Sportscar Championship
2002 No race
2003   Jan Lammers
  John Bosch
  Racing For Holland Dome S101-Judd 2:30:30.857 486.612 km (302.367 mi) FIA Sportscar Championship
2004   Jamie Davies
  Johnny Herbert
  Audi Sport UK Veloqx Audi R8 5:05:52.043 1,000 km (620 mi) Le Mans Endurance Series
2005   Emmanuel Collard
  Jean-Christophe Boullion
  Pescarolo Sport Pescarolo C60 Hybrid-Judd 5:02:32.220 1,000 km (620 mi) Le Mans Endurance Series
2006 No race
2007   Nicolas Minassian
  Marc Gené
  Team Peugeot Total Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
4:59:20.735 1,000 km (620 mi) Le Mans Series
2008   Stéphane Sarrazin
  Pedro Lamy
  Team Peugeot Total Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
4:59:07.955 1,000 km (620 mi) Le Mans Series
2009 - 2016 No race
2017   Léo Roussel
  Ryo Hirakawa
  Memo Rojas
  No. 22 G-Drive Racing Oreca 07 - Gibson 4:01:43.628 764.676 km (475.148 mi) European Le Mans Series
2018   Andrea Pizzitola
  Roman Rusinov
  Jean-Éric Vergne
  #26 G-Drive Racing Oreca 07 - Gibson 4:01:02.607 718.332 km (446.351 mi) European Le Mans Series

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The 1980 race maintained the title of 1000km of Monza but was actually run over six hours.[4]
  2. ^ The 1985 race was scheduled for 1000km but was stopped early as trees had been blown onto the track.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Coppa Intereuropa: Overview in English and Italian". www.velocetoday.com. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  2. ^ Redmayne, Tim. "Monza race officially cancelled - GP Masters - Autosport". Autosport.com. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  3. ^ Denominated as "Trofeo Filippo Caracciolo"
  4. ^ a b Zana, Aldo (2016). The Monza 1000km 1965-2008. ISBN 9788879116268.
  5. ^ "Monza 1000 Kilometres 1980 Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 15 November 2019.

External linksEdit