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.kr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Registrations are processed via registration agents.

.kr
Introduced1986
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryKRNIC (KISA)
SponsorKISA
Intended useEntities connected with
 South Korea
Actual usePopular in South Korea
Registration restrictionsRegistrants must have a local presence within South Korea; varying restrictions exist for registration under different second-level names
StructureRegistrations are only allowed at the third level beneath second-level domains (.co.kr, .or.kr, ...) for standard domain names while internationalized domain names have to registered at the second level.
DocumentsPolicies
IDNyes
Registry websitekrnic.or.kr
.한국
Introduced2011
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
Actual useFairly popular in South Korea
Registration restrictionsRegistrants must have a local presence within South Korea[1]
StructureDomain names contains Korean Hangul only plus optional numbers and hyphens, and are registered at the second level.
IDNonly
Registry websitekrnic.or.kr

From September 2006, it became possible to register domain names directly under .kr (although this is currently only possible for internationalized domain names). Trademark holders and public bodies benefited from an "early registration period", after which the owners of .kr third-level domains had priority to get the corresponding second-level domains.

1. Sunrise I (September 18–November 20, 2006)

  • Governmental Bodies only

2. Sunrise II (November 21–February 27, 2007)

  • A holder of 3rd level .kr domain
  • The registered 3rd level domain and the 3rd level domain should be registered before March 13, 2006
  • The full name of registered trademark using same alphabetical order

3. Landrush (March 28–April 11, 2007)

  • Anyone or any business entity who has an address in the territory

4.General Registration (from April 19. 2007)

  • First-come first-served basis

In 2011 a new top-level domain was registered for South Korea, intended for domain names in the local language. The top-level domain is .한국 domain names and working sites became active during 2011.

Domains and subdomainsEdit

Domains and Subdomains Areas Registration qualifications
.kr Commercial Organizations or individuals
.co.kr Commercial
.ne.kr Network
.or.kr Non-commercial
.re.kr Research
.pe.kr Personal Individuals
.go.kr Government Administration, Legislation and Judicature
.mil.kr Military Military organizations
.ac.kr Colleges or universities Colleges or universities
.hs.kr High schools High schools
.ms.kr Middle schools Middle schools
.es.kr Elementary schools Elementary schools
.sc.kr Schools Other education organizations
.kg.kr Kindergartens Kindergartens
.seoul.kr Seoul Organizations or individuals that have a connection with the relevant areas[a]
.busan.kr Busan
.daegu.kr Daegu
.incheon.kr Incheon
.gwangju.kr Gwangju
.daejeon.kr Daejeon
.ulsan.kr Ulsan
.gyeonggi.kr Gyeonggi-do
.gangwon.kr Gangwon-do
.chungbuk.kr Chungcheongbuk-do (Chungbuk)
.chungnam.kr Chungcheongnam-do (Chungnam)
.jeonbuk.kr Jeollabuk-do (Jeonbuk)[b]
.jeonnam.kr Jeollanam-do (Jeonnam)[b]
.gyeongbuk.kr Gyeongsangbuk-do (Gyeongbuk)
.gyeongnam.kr Gyeongsangnam-do (Gyeongnam)
.jeju.kr Jeju-do
한글.kr[c] unlimited Organizations or individuals
.한국[d] unlimited

Defunct domains and subdomainsEdit

Domains and Subdomains Areas Reasons for cessation
.pusan.kr Busan (Pusan) Revision of the Korean romanization[e]
.taegu.kr Daegu (Taegu)
.inchon.kr Incheon (Inch'ŏn)
.kwangju.kr Gwangju (Kwangju)
.taejon.kr Daejeon (Taejŏn)
.kyonggi.kr Gyeonggi-do (Kyŏnggi)
.kangwon.kr Gangwon-do (Kangwon)
.chonbuk.kr Jeollabuk-do (Chŏnbuk)
.chonnam.kr Jeollanam-do (Chŏnnam)
.kyongbuk.kr Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyŏngbuk)
.kyongnam.kr Gyeongsangnam-do (Kyŏngnam)
.cheju.kr Jeju-do (Cheju)
.nm.kr Network Changed to the .ne.kr

Domain hacksEdit

.kr domains are sometimes used as domain hacks such as flic.kr, an alternative address for Flickr.

New generic top level domains (new gTLDs) registered by South Korean organizations or individualsEdit

  • .doosan: A new brand gTLD for the Doosan Group.
  • .hyundai: A new brand gTLD for the Hyundai Motor Group.
  • .kia: A new brand gTLD for Kia Motors.
  • .samsung: A new brand gTLD for the Samsung Group.
  • .lotte: A new brand gTLD for the Lotte Group.
  • .닷넷 (.xn--t60b56a; .dat-net): A new technology gTLD. Korean Hangul transliteration of English "dotnet."
  • .닷컴 (.xn--mk1bu44c; .dat-keom): A new technology gTLD. Korean Hangul transliteration of English "dotcom."
  • .삼성 (.xn--cg4bki; .Samseong): A new brand gTLD for the Samsung Group.

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Two-syllable short names of upper level local autonomies (provinces or provincial-level cities).
  2. ^ a b Jeolla's Hangul spelling is 전라 (Jeon-la) but the current romanization of Korean transcribes actual pronunciation, so the region is romanized as Jeolla. In the Korean phonology, the /nl/ sequence should be assimilated to [ll] or [nn]. However, the original [n] phoneme is preserved in Jeonbuk and Jeonnam, the short names for the North and South Jeolla Provinces.
  3. ^ Internationalized domain names (IDNs) under .kr. IDNs contains Korean Hangul only plus optional numbers and hyphens.
  4. ^ Internationalized domain names (IDNs) under .한국 (Punycode: .xn--3e0b707e; Revised Romanization of Korean: .Han-guk). IDNs contains Korean Hangul only plus optional numbers and hyphens.
  5. ^ The government has changed the official Korean romanization from its own variant of McCune–Reischauer to the current scheme in 2000. Hyphens (-), apostrophes (') and breves (˘) were omitted in defunct subdomains for autonomous regions.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit