.22 caliber, or 5.6 mm, refers to a common firearms bore diameter of 0.22 inch (5.6 mm) in both rimfire and centerfire cartridges.

Cartridges in this caliber include the very widely used .22 Long Rifle and .223 Remington/5.56×45mm NATO.

.22 inch is also a popular air gun pellet caliber, second only to the ubiquitous .177 caliber.



.22-inch caliber rimfire variations include:

In production
  • .22 Long, a cartridge predating the .22 LR, with the same case length using the lighter .22 short bullet
  • .22 Long Rifle (LR), the most common cartridge type of this caliber, often referred to simply as ".22 caliber" or "22".
  • .22 Long Rifle Extra Long (LR EX), a variant of .22LR with a longer casing but identical overall cartridge dimensions (see CCI Stinger)
  • .22 Short, a cartridge used mostly in pocket pistols and mini-revolvers
  • .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (WMR), a magnum cartridge that is longer and more powerful than the .22 LR
  • .22 Winchester Rimfire (WRF), a cartridge originally introduced to provide higher velocity than the .22 LR
  • .22 BB (Bulleted Breech Cap), a low-velocity cartridge with a case shorter than the 22 short
  • .22 CB (Conical Bullet Cap), a low-velocity cartridge with a case shorter than the 22 short
  • Quiet-22 (40 Grain lead projectile), a low-velocity cartridge with the same case as the .22 LR



.22-inch caliber centerfire cartridges include:

  • .22 Accelerator, a special loading of the .30-30, .308, and .30-06 cartridges that is manufactured by Remington
  • .22 BR Remington, a wildcat cartridge commonly used in varmint hunting and benchrest shooting
  • .22 CHeetah, a cartridge based on the Remington 308 BR, modified to .22 caliber
  • .22 Eargesplitten Loudenboomer, a cartridge based on a .378 Weatherby Magnum case intended to deliver high muzzle velocity
  • .22 Hornet (5.6×36mmR), a powerful cartridge variant introduced in 1930
  • .22 Nosler, a cartridge introduced in 2017 intended for use in AR-15-style rifles
  • .22 PPC, a firearm cartridge used primarily in benchrest shooting
  • .22 Remington Jet, a cartridge designed for the Smith & Wesson Model 53 revolver
  • .22 Savage Hi-Power (5.6×52mmR), a cartridge introduced by Savage in 1912 for use in the Savage Model 99 rifle
  • .22 TCM (22 Micro-Mag), a shortened .223 Remington case designed to load into standard 9mm pistol magazines
  • .22 Winchester Centerfire (WCF), a cartridge introduced in 1885 for use in a Winchester single-shot rifle
  • .22-250 Remington, a very high velocity cartridge
  • .220 Rook (.220 Long Centrefire), an obsolete British cartridge of the 1880s
  • .220 Russian (5.6×39mm), a 7.62×39mm cartridge necked down to hold a 5.6 mm bullet
  • .220 Swift (5.56×56mmSR), the first cartridge (1935) with a muzzle velocity of over 4,000 ft/s (1,200 m/s)
  • .222 Remington, the first commercial rimless .22 (5.56 mm) cartridge made in the United States (1950)
  • .222 Remington Magnum, a short-lived commercially produced cartridge derived from the .222 Remington
  • .222 Rimmed, an Australian cartridge of the 1960s for single-shot rifles
  • .22 Spitfire (5.7mm Johnson, originally MMJ 5.7), a cartridge introduced in 1963 for .224 cal. re-barreled or lined US 30 Carbines
  • .224 Weatherby Magnum (5.56×49mmB), a cartridge developed in 1963 for use in the Weatherby Varmintmaster rifle
  • .224 Boz, a cartridge developed in the late 1990s, intended to defeat body armor
  • .224 Valkyrie (5.6×41mm), a cartridge similar to the 5.56×45mm NATO, with a shorter case length
  • .224-32 FA, a cartridge designed in 2009 for use in the Freedom Arms Model 97 revolver
  • .225 Winchester, a replacement for the .220 Swift cartridge, introduced in 1964

See also