C with bar

  (Redirected from )


The C with bar (majuscule: , minuscule: ), also known as barred C, is a modified letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from C with the addition of a bar. It was used in the final version of the Unified Northern Alphabet, approved in 1932, for Saami, Selkup, Khanty, Evenki, Even, Nanai, Udege, Chukchi, Koryak and Nivkh languages [1] to denote the sound IPA: [t͡ʃ], although in some of these languages in practice, several other alphabets were used. Also, this letter was used in the Latinized Shugnan alphabet (1931-1939) to denote the sound IPA: [d͡ʒ][2][3][4].

C with bar
Ꞓ ꞓ
Capital and lowercase barred C
Usage
Writing systemLatin script
TypeAlphabetic
Language of originUnified Northern Alphabet
Phonetic usage[t͡ʃ]
[d͡ʒ]
Unicode valueU+A792, U+A793
History
Development
  • Ꞓ ꞓ
Other

The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee uses the capital barred C to represent the Cambrian Period in geologic history.[5] In phonetic transcription, the lowercase barred C may denote a voiceless palatal fricative (IPA: [ç]), and in 1963 it was proposed as a symbol for a voiceless flat postalveolar fricative [ɻ̊˔] by William A. Smalley.[6] In 19th-century American English dictionaries such as those by Noah Webster and William Holmes McGuffey, the letter was used to denote ⟨c⟩ pronounced as /k/.[7]

Computer encodingEdit

Its Unicode codepoints are U+A792 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH BAR and U+A793 LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH BAR.

Character
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH BAR LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH BAR
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 42898 U+A792 42899 U+A793
UTF-8 234 158 146 EA 9E 92 234 158 147 EA 9E 93
Numeric character reference Ꞓ Ꞓ ꞓ ꞓ

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Материалы I всероссийской конференции по развитию языков и письменности народов Севера (3000 экз ed.). М.-Л.: Учпедгиз. Я. П. Алькор (Кошкин), И. Д. Давыдов. 1932.
  2. ^ SHUGHNI: Phonology—consonant/vowel inventories; syllable structure
  3. ^ Луқо Инҷӣл = Luqo Inǰīl. ИПБ. 2001. ISBN 5-93943-018-X.
  4. ^ Template:Публикация
  5. ^ Federal Geographic Data Committee, ed. (August 2006). FGDC Digital Cartographic Standard for Geologic Map Symbolization FGDC-STD-013-2006 (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey for the Federal Geographic Data Committee. p. A-32-1.
  6. ^ Pullum, Geoffrey K.; Ladusaw, William A. (1996). Phonetic Symbol Guide. University of Chicago Press. pp. 28–9. ISBN 0-226-68536-5.
  7. ^ Priest, Lorna A.; Iancu, Laurentiu; Everson, Michael (14 October 2010). "Proposal to encode C WITH BAR" (PDF). Unicode.org. Retrieved 23 February 2018.