(minuscule: ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from H with the addition of a dot diacritic.


Ḥ is used to represent the voiceless pharyngeal fricative (/ħ/) in Arabic, some Syriac languages (such as Turoyo and Chaldean Neo-Aramaic), and traditional Hebrew (whereas Ashkenazi Jews and Israelis usually pronounce the letter Ḥet as a voiceless uvular fricative (/χ/)). This sound also exists in the Tigrinya and Somali languages, in Modern South Arabian languages and in smaller North East African languages.


Ḥ is used in Asturian to represent a voiceless glottal fricative (/h/) sound in Asturian words such as ḥou and ḥue, as well as some place names in the eastern part of Asturias (such as Ḥontoria and Villaḥormes).[1]


Ḥ represents visarga, the phone [h] in Sanskrit phonology in the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration. Other transliteration systems use different symbols.


  1. ^ Normes Ortográfiques, Academia de la Llingua Asturiana, Oviedo/Uviéu (Spain), 2012.

See alsoEdit