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Che (Persian letter)

  (Redirected from چ)

Che, or čīm (چ), is a letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet, used to represent [t͡ʃ], and which derives from ǧīm (ج) by the addition of two dots. It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Persian, Urdu, Pashto, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Malay (Jawi), and other Iranian languages.

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
(Help)
چ ـچ ـچـ چـ

In ArabicEdit

 
The initial form of the Persian Che used to represent [ɡ] in an Israeli road sign on the road to Giv'at Shmuel.

It can be used to transcribe [t͡ʃ] of Persian Gulf: Gulf Arabic and Iraqi Arabic, where they have that sound natively. In these countries and the rest of Arabic-speaking geographic regions, the combination of tāʾ-šīn (تش) is more likely used to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound which is often realized as two consonants ([t]+[ʃ]) elsewhere; this letter combination is used for loanwords and foreign names, including those of Spanish origin in Moroccan Arabic.

In the case of Moroccan Arabic, the letter ڜ is used instead to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound aside from چ, this letter derives from šīn (ش) with additional 3 dots below.

In Egypt, this letter represents [ʒ], which can be a reduction of /d͡ʒ/. The /ʒ/ pronunciation is also proposed for South Arabian minority languages, like Mehri and Soqotri.

In Israel, where official announcements are often trilingual, this letter is used as the letter gīm on roadsigns to represent [ɡ], when transcribing Hebrew or foreign names of places, since Palestinian Arabic does not have a /g/ in its phonemic inventory.


Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
(Help)
ڜ ـڜ ـڜـ ڜـ

Character encodingsEdit

Character چ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER TCHEH
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1670 U+0686
UTF-8 218 134 DA 86
Numeric character reference چ چ
Character ڜ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER SEEN WITH THREE DOTS BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1692 U+069C
UTF-8 218 156 DA 9C
Numeric character reference ڜ ڜ

See alsoEdit