Teth, also written as Ṭēth or Tet, is a letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Ṭēt , Hebrew Ṭēt ט, Aramaic Ṭēth , Syriac Ṭēṯ ܛ, and Arabic Ṭāʾ ط. It is the 16th letter of the modern Arabic alphabet. The Persian ṭa is pronounced as a hard "t" sound and is the 19th letter in the modern Persian alphabet. The Phoenician letter also gave rise to the Greek theta (Θ), originally an aspirated voiceless dental stop but now used for the voiceless dental fricative. The Arabic letter (ط) is sometimes transliterated as tah in English, for example in Arabic script in Unicode.
|Position in alphabet||9|
|Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician|
The Phoenician letter name ṭēth may mean "spinning wheel" pictured as (compare Hebrew root ט-ו-י meaning 'spinning' (a thread) which begins with Teth). According to another hypothesis (Brian Colless), the letter possibly continues a Middle Bronze Age glyph named ṭab 'good', Aramaic טַב 'tav', Hebrew טוב 'tov', Syriac ܛܒܐ 'tava', modern Arabic طَيّب 'ṭayyib', all of identical meaning, whose picture is based on the Nefer 'good' hieroglyph common in ancient Egyptian names (e.g. Nefertiti):
Jewish scripture books about the "holy letters" from the 10th century onward discuss the connection or origin of the letter Teth with the word tov "good". This was especially emphasized ever since the late 1600s after the Baal Shem Tov became influential, since the letter Teth was in his Acronym standing for Tov, and goodness was part of his philosophy. The acrostic poems of the Bible use 'Tov' to represent the letter (e.g. Psalm 119:65-72).
The letter is named ṭāʾ طَاءْ; Modern Standard Arabic pronunciation: /tˤ/.
|Position in word:||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial|
The Hebrew spelling of name of the letter: טֵית
In gematria, Tet represents the number nine. When followed by an apostrophe, it means 9,000. The most common example of this usage is in the numbers of the Hebrew years (e.g., ט'תשנד in numbers would be the date 9754).
As well, in gematria, the number 15 is written with Tet and Vav, (9+6) to avoid the normal construction Yud and Hei (10+5) which spells a name of God. Similarly, 16 is written with Tet and Zayin (9+7) instead of Yud and Vav (10+6) to avoid spelling part of the Tetragrammaton.
A symbol similar to the Phoenician teth is used for the tensor product, as , but this is presumably an independent development, by modification of the multiplication sign ×. The Hebrew ט is also visually similar to the letter Ʋ.
|Unicode name||HEBREW LETTER TET||ARABIC LETTER TAH||SYRIAC LETTER TETH||SAMARITAN LETTER TIT|
|UTF-8||215 152||D7 98||216 183||D8 B7||220 155||DC 9B||224 160 136||E0 A0 88|
|Numeric character reference||ט
|Unicode name||UGARITIC LETTER TET||IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER TETH||PHOENICIAN LETTER TET|
|UTF-8||240 144 142 137||F0 90 8E 89||240 144 161 136||F0 90 A1 88||240 144 164 136||F0 90 A4 88|
|UTF-16||55296 57225||D800 DF89||55298 56392||D802 DC48||55298 56584||D802 DD08|
|Numeric character reference||𐎉
- ""ﻄ" U+FEC4 Arabic Letter Tah Medial Form Unicode Character". comport. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- Albright, William F. (1969). The Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions and Their Decipherment. Harvard University Press.
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