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Ghayn (Cyrillic)

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Ghayn (Ғ ғ; italics: Ғ ғ) also known as Ge with stroke, or as Ayn (in Kazakh), is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Unicode this letter is called "Ghe with stroke".[1]

Cyrillic letter Ghayn.svg
Phonetic usage:[ʁ], [ɣ]
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

It is used in the Bashkir, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Uzbek and Tajik languages, where it represents the voiced uvular fricative /ʁ/. Despite having a similar shape, it is not related to the Latin letter F (F f) or the Greek letter Digamma (Ϝ ϝ). In Kazakh and Tofa, this letter may also represent the voiced velar fricative /ɣ/. In Nivkh, ғ represents /ɣ/, while /ʁ/ is represented by ӻ, which looks like ғ with a hook. The Khakas language also uses ғ.

In earlier, Arabic-alphabet-based orthographies for some of these languages, the same sound was written with the letter ﻍ (ġayn/ghain).

Contents

TransliterationEdit

The Cyrillic letter Ғ is most commonly romanized using the Latin letter Ǧ, and Ğ as in Azerbaijani and Kazakh. In Uzbek it is transliterated as ⟨gʻ⟩ and in Tajik, it is transliterated as ⟨ġ⟩, ⟨gh⟩, or ⟨ḡ⟩.

Computing codesEdit

Character Ғ ғ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
GHE WITH STROKE
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
GHE WITH STROKE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1170 U+0492 1171 U+0493
UTF-8 210 146 D2 92 210 147 D2 93
Numeric character reference Ғ Ғ ғ ғ

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cyrillic: Range: 0400–04FF". pp 38–43 of The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0 (2010). p. 42. http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0400.pdf Accessed 2011-04-25.