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Je (Cyrillic)

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Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.[1]

Cyrillic letter Je - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage: [j]
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С С́ Т Ћ
Ќ У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч
Џ Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
А́ А̀ Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ
Ӓ̄ В̌ Ә Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ
Ғ Г̧ Г̑ Г̄ Г̣ Г̌ Ҕ
Ӻ Ғ̌ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Д̆ Д̣ Ԫ Ԭ Д̆ Ӗ
Е̄ Е̃ Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ
Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ З̌ З̱ З̣
Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ И̃ Ҋ
Ӥ И́ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ
Ԟ К̣ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О̆ О̃ О̄ Ӧ
Ө Ө̄ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌
Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ С̣ С̱ Ԍ Т̌
Т̣ Ҭ Ԏ У̃
Ӯ Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ Ү Ү́ Ұ
Х̣ Х̱ Х̮ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ
Һ Һ̈ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ
Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄
Э̇ Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́
Ю̄ Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
Ѹ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

It commonly represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in "yes".

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Cyrillic letter ј was introduced in the 1818 Serbian dictionary of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, on the basis of the Latin letter j.[1] Karadžić had previously used ї instead for the same sound, a usage he took from Dositej Obradović.[2]

UsageEdit

Language pronunciation notes
Altai voiced postalveolar affricate /dʒ/
Azerbaijani /j/ corresponds to ⟨y⟩ in the official Latin alphabet
Kildin Sami voiceless palatal approximant /j̊/ the letter Short I with tail (Ҋ ҋ) is also used
Macedonian /j/ Prior to the development of the Macedonian alphabet in 1944-45, Macedonian authors used either І і or Й й.[3]
Orok
Ossetian /j/ used in the original (pre-1923) Cyrillic orthography
Serbian /j/ in Vuk Karadžić's alphabet, the letter Je replaced the traditional letter Short I (Й й), which invited accusations of submission to the Latin script and Catholic Church (in Austria) from the Orthodox clergy

Related letters and other similar charactersEdit

Computing codesEdit

Character Ј ј
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER JE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER JE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1032 U+0408 1112 U+0458
UTF-8 208 136 D0 88 209 152 D1 98
Numeric character reference Ј Ј ј ј
Code page 855 143 8F 142 8E
Windows-1251 163 A3 188 BC
ISO-8859-5 168 A8 248 F8
Macintosh Cyrillic 183 B7 192 C0

External linksEdit

  •   The dictionary definition of Ј at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of ј at Wiktionary

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.
  3. ^ Dontchev Daskalov, Roumen; Marinov, Tchavdar (2013), Entangled Histories of the Balkans: Volume One: National Ideologies and Language Policies, Balkan Studies Library, BRILL, pp. 451,454–456, ISBN 900425076X