Železný Brod

Železný Brod (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʒɛlɛzniː ˈbrot]; German: Eisenbrod) is a town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,100 inhabitants. Located on the Jizera River, the town is on a railway line connecting Pardubice and Liberec.

Železný Brod
Town
Town square
Town square
Flag of Železný Brod
Flag
Coat of arms of Železný Brod
Coat of arms
Etymology: Iron ford
Železný Brod is located in Czech Republic
Železný Brod
Železný Brod
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°38′30″N 15°15′24″E / 50.64167°N 15.25667°E / 50.64167; 15.25667Coordinates: 50°38′30″N 15°15′24″E / 50.64167°N 15.25667°E / 50.64167; 15.25667
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictJablonec nad Nisou
First mentioned1346
Government
 • MayorFrantišek Lufinka
Area
 • Total22.51 km2 (8.69 sq mi)
Elevation
305 m (1,001 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total6,051
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
468 22
Websitewww.zeleznybrod.cz

HistoryEdit

Železný Brod is an old glass-producing town founded in the eleventh century. It was originally known as Brod ("ford") or Brodek ("little ford"). In 1501, the town received its coat of arms, representing the law restoration in the town that was carried out by the King Vladislaus II of Bohemia. Probably at the same time Železný ("iron") was added to its name, alluding to the town's steelworks.[2] In 1880, the town had 2,698 inhabitants and was the seat of the district court. Its cotton spinning mill was using 50,000 spindles.

The town's main industry is represented by jewellers, as well as producers of blow-moulded glass, thermometers, and small glass commodities.

DemographicsEdit

Year 1970 1980 1991 2001 2011 2019
Inhabitants 5,663 7,099 6,826 6,544 6,276 6,069

SightsEdit

The Town Hall of Železný Brod was built in 1890 replacing the earlier wooden hall. The Town Theatre (located in the first floor) and the Town Gallery of Vlastimil Rada (located on the ground floor) are both located within the town hall building. The town's coat-of-arms is displayed on the ground floor.

Běliště is the location of the ethnographic exposition of the Town Museum, focusing on the history of Železný Brod and its close surroundings. The building is a one-storey partly timbered house that served as a tannery and a dye-house since 1807. The exposition presents archaeological discoveries, photocopy of records, half-precious stones from Kozákov, iron, slate, limestone, fossils and residue of sea, sculpture of sandstone, artwork by Josef Scheybal, old classes and school's aids, gingerbread products and old baker's bread, flax processing tools, weaving room, textiles, printer's forms, some old clothing, wooden Bethlehems, old ski and sleds, models of citizen's houses.

The Town Museum is located in May 3 Square in the former citizens timber house built in 1792 (since 1936, it served as a part of the savings bank building). It holds the exposition of the Železný Brod glass-making: glass-making room from the last century, personages of the local secondary glass school, businessmen and exporters of the 20th and 40th years of the 20th century, unique glass Bethlehem.

The old Trávníky district is situated behind the brooks Žernovník and is remarkable for the empire houses Grosovsko and Knopovsko, timbered houses in Zahradnická, Hluboká and Fr. Balatky lanes, and St. James Church with wooden belfry.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Železný Brod is twinned with:[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "History of the town". Železný Brod. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  3. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Železný Brod. Retrieved 2020-08-16.

External linksEdit