Žayn (ژ) used to represent the phoneme /ʒ/, is a letter in the Persian alphabet, based on zayn (ز) with two additional diacritic dots. It is one of the four letters that the Persian alphabet adds to the original Arabic script, others being چ ,پ and گ.

It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Pashto, Kurdish, other Iranian languages, Uyghur, Ottoman Turkish (j in the modern Turkish alphabet), Azerbaijani and Urdu, but not in Arabic.

In Kashmiri , this letter is called "tse" and represents the phoneme [t͡s].

In most of the Levant, Iraq and Northwestern Africa, the letter ج ǧīm is used for /ʒ/.

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
ژ ـژ ـژ ژ

Character encodingsEdit

Character information
Preview ژ
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1688 U+0698
UTF-8 218 152 DA 98
Numeric character reference ژ ژ

In other scriptsEdit


In Devanagari the letter झ़ (jha with a nuqta or dot) is used to represent the sound of /ʒ/, e.g. टेलिविझ़न ṭēlivizhan "television". The letter corresponds to the Urdu Perso-Arabic ژ.


The letter ж, common in some Slavic languages, has an equivalent sound to the "s" in "television" e.g. Zharkov (Russian Cyrillic: Жарков).

See alsoEdit