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Žabalj (Serbian Cyrillic: Жабаљ) pronounced [ʒǎːbaʎ] is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Žabalj town has a population of 9,107, and Žabalj municipality 25,777. It is located in southeastern part of Bačka, known as Šajkaška. All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.

Žabalj

Жабаљ
Orthodox church in Žabalj
Orthodox church in Žabalj
Coat of arms of Žabalj
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Žabalj within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Žabalj within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°22′N 20°04′E / 45.367°N 20.067°E / 45.367; 20.067Coordinates: 45°22′N 20°04′E / 45.367°N 20.067°E / 45.367; 20.067
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSouth Bačka
Settlements4
Government
 • MayorČedomir Božić
Area
 • Municipality400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation
72 m (236 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
9,107
 • Municipality
25,777
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21230
Area code+381 21
Car platesNS
Websitewww.zabalj.rs
Map of Žabalj municipality
Map of the Žabalj municipality and Šajkaška region

NameEdit

Its name came from the Serbian word "žaba"/жаба ("frog" in English). In Serbian, the town is known as Žabalj (Жабаљ), in Hungarian as Zsablya or Józseffalva (between 1886 and 1919), in German as Josefdorf, and in Croatian as Žabalj.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

Žabalj was first mentioned in 1514 as Zeble, a fortress captured by György Dózsa. During the Ottoman rule (16th-17th century), it was populated by ethnic Serbs.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Žabalj was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier (Šajkaš Battalion). First church in Žabalj was mentioned in 1720, but it was later razed. After 1763, the village was part of Šajkaš Battalion until the military administration was abolished in 1783. Present-day Orthodox church dedicated to Saint Nicholas was built in 1835. In 1901, a Catholic church was built as well.

It belonged to Hungary 1920, when by the Treaty of Trianon it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states.

After the 1941 annexation of the town by Hungary, in a 1942 raid, 666 inhabitants of the town were murdered: 355 men, 141 women, 101 children, and 69 elderly people. Those who were liable, were convicted by Hungary in 1943.

During the Communist purges in Serbia in 1944–45, about 1500, mostly civilian Hungarians and Germans were murdered. None of the perpetrators were convicted, and during the Communist regime, the topic of the genocide was suppressed in both Hungary and Yugoslavia.

Inhabited placesEdit

Žabalj municipality encompasses the town of Žabalj, and the following villages:

DemographicsEdit

Historical population of the townEdit

  • 1961: 7,457
  • 1971: 7,851
  • 1981: 8,503
  • 1991: 8,766

Ethnic groupsEdit

The population of the Žabalj municipality:

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[3]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 253
Mining 21
Processing industry 664
Distribution of power, gas and water 32
Distribution of water and water waste management 84
Construction 138
Wholesale and retail, repair 937
Traffic, storage and communication 216
Hotels and restaurants 98
Media and telecommunications 17
Finance and insurance 30
Property stock and charter 3
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 112
Administrative and other services 59
Administration and social assurance 217
Education 406
Healthcare and social work 284
Art, leisure and recreation 47
Other services 91
Total 3,708

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991.
  • Dr Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 March 2019.

External linksEdit