Żukowo

Żukowo [ʐuˈkɔvɔ] (Kashubian: Żukòwò, German: Zuckau, Latin: Sucovia) is a town in Kartuzy County, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of northern Poland in the cultural region of Kashubia, with 6,236 inhabitants (2005). It is located along the Radunia river in the historic Pomerelia, about 19 km (12 mi) southwest of Gdańsk.

Żukowo
Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Coat of arms of Żukowo
Coat of arms
Żukowo is located in Poland
Żukowo
Żukowo
Żukowo is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Żukowo
Żukowo
Coordinates: 54°20′45″N 18°21′38″E / 54.34583°N 18.36056°E / 54.34583; 18.36056Coordinates: 54°20′45″N 18°21′38″E / 54.34583°N 18.36056°E / 54.34583; 18.36056
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyKartuzy
GminaŻukowo
Area
 • Total4.73 km2 (1.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total6,688
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationGKA
Primary airportGdańsk Airport
Websitehttp://www.zukowo.pl

It is one of the youngest towns in Poland, having received its city charter in 1989, and a cultural centre of the Kashubians.

HistoryEdit

 
St. Mary's Assumption Church
 
The embroidery was made with gold threads
 
The embroidery of Zukowo school of Kashubian embroidery

Żukowo was the site of a Premonstratensian (Norbertine) monastery established about 1209[1] by Duke Mestwin I of Pomerania. The church features alabaster figures made in England. Here the Kashubian embroidery is still in use.[2] In Kashubia decorated women's bonnets were called zlotnice. Norbertine nuns in Żukowo made them in the 18th century. The embroidery was made with silver or gold threads. Women's bonnets designing contains motifs similar to church embroideries and this were based on baroque style. The nuns were teaching noblemen's and rich Kashubian peasants' daughters how to make embroidery – one of them was Marianna Okuniewska from Żukowo (born 1818). Żukowo was a church village administered by the local monastery, located in the Gdańsk County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.[3]

Zlotnice were very expensive. The nuns probably stopped making them after the region was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Partition of Poland in 1772 and the nunnery was closed in 1834. Granddaughters of Marianna – Zofia (born 1896) and Jadwiga Ptach started reaktivating of Kashubian embroidery called Żukowo's school before World War II. Embroideries made here in this time link often to the zlotnice bonnets and antependiums. Kashubian embroidery was again made after the war at Żukowo. Its main decorative elements are flowers and plant motifs. Embroidresses who are deserved for the Kashubian embroidery, for example are: Marianna Ptach, Zofia Ptach, Jadwiga Ptach, Maria Nowicka, Wanda Dzierzgowska, Bernadeta Reglinska,[4] Ewa Wendt and others. Zukowo school of Kashubian embroidery is important intangible cultural heritage. The town's coat of arms since 1989 feature among other things the palmette of Kashubian embroidery.

Żukowo was restored to Poland, after the country regained independence following World War I in 1918. During World War II it was under German occupation, and was a place of internment for prisoners of war from the United Kingdom. Local priest Bernard Gołomski was among 10 Polish priests murdered by the German Einsatzkommando 16 in the forest near Kartuzy in September 1939, and inhabitants of Żukowo were among Poles massacred in nearby Kaliska in October and November 1939.[5] There are graves of prisoners of the Stutthof concentration camp in Żukowo.

SportsEdit

The town's most notable sports club is handball team GKS Żukowo, which competes in the I Liga (Polish second tier).[6]

Notable peopleEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Wilhelm Brauer (ed.): Der Kreis Karthaus - Ein westpreußisches Heimatbuch, Radke, Lübeck 1978 (in German)
  • Joshua C. Blank: Creating Kashubia: History, Memory, and Identity in Canada's First Polish Community, 2016, p. 47 [1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hirsch, Theodor. Das Kloster Zuckau und seine Umgebungen während des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts. Neue Preußische Provinzialblätter. Band 3 (Jahrgang 1853, Januar–Juni), Königsberg 1853, p. 4-71.
  2. ^ http://szkola.interklasa.pl/f019/strona/ang/embroidery.html
  3. ^ Biskup, Marian; Tomczak, Andrzej (1955). Mapy województwa pomorskiego w drugiej połowie XVI w. (in Polish). Toruń. p. 92.
  4. ^ http://www.nck.org.pl/en/event/2804/the-colours-of-pomeranian-tradition-kashubian-embroidery-exhibition
  5. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. pp. 107, 154.
  6. ^ "I Liga Mężczyzn Grupa A". ZPRP (in Polish). Retrieved 28 November 2020.

External linksEdit