Żukowo [ʐuˈkɔvɔ] (Kashubian: Żukòwò, German: Zuckau, Latin: Sucovia) is a town in the Kartuzy County, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of northern Poland, in the geographical region of Kashubia, with 6,236 inhabitants (2005). It is located along the Radunia river, in the historic Pomerelia, about 19 km (12 mi) southwest of Gdańsk.

Żukowo
Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Coat of arms of Żukowo
Żukowo is located in Poland
Żukowo
Żukowo
Żukowo is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Żukowo
Żukowo
Coordinates: 54°20′45″N 18°21′38″E / 54.34583°N 18.36056°E / 54.34583; 18.36056Coordinates: 54°20′45″N 18°21′38″E / 54.34583°N 18.36056°E / 54.34583; 18.36056
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyKartuzy
GminaŻukowo
Area
 • Total4.73 km2 (1.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,135
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationGKA
Primary airportGdańsk Airport
Websitehttp://www.zukowo.pl

HistoryEdit

 
St. Mary's Assumption Church
 
The embroidery was made with gold threads
 
The embroidery of Zukowo school of Kashubian embroidery

Żukowo was the site of a Premonstratensian (Norbertine) monastery established about 1209[1] by Duke Mestwin I of Pomerania. The church features alabaster figures made in England. Here the Kashubian embroidery is still in use.[2] In Kashubia decorated women's bonnets were called zlotnice. Norbertine nuns in Żukowo made them in the 18th century. The embroidery was made with silver or gold threads. Women's bonnets designing contains motifs similar to church embroideries and this were based on baroque style. The nuns were teaching noblemen's and rich Kashubian peasants' daughters how to make embroidery – one of them was Marianna Okuniewska from Żukowo (born 1818). Żukowo was a church village administered by the local monastery, located in the Gdańsk County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.[3]

Zlotnice were very expensive. The nuns probably stopped making them after the region was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Partition of Poland in 1772 and the nunnery was closed in 1834. Granddaughters of Marianna – Zofia (born 1896) and Jadwiga Ptach started reactivating of Kashubian embroidery called Żukowo's school before World War II. Embroideries made here in this time link often to the zlotnice bonnets and antependiums. Kashubian embroidery was again made after the war at Żukowo. Its main decorative elements are flowers and plant motifs. Embroidresses who are deserved for the Kashubian embroidery, for example are: Marianna Ptach, Zofia Ptach, Jadwiga Ptach, Maria Nowicka, Wanda Dzierzgowska, Bernadeta Reglinska,[4] Ewa Wendt and others. Zukowo school of Kashubian embroidery is important intangible cultural heritage. The town's coat of arms since 1989 feature among other things the palmette of Kashubian embroidery.

Until 1920, the town, as Zuckau belonged to the Karthaus district in the province of West Prussia in Germany. According to the census of 1910, it had a population of 1,379, of which 339 were Germans and 1,037 were Kashubians or Poles.[5]

Żukowo was restored to Poland, after the country regained independence following World War I in 1918. During World War II it was under German occupation, and was a place of internment for prisoners of war from the United Kingdom. Local priest Bernard Gołomski was among 10 Polish priests murdered by the German Einsatzkommando 16 in the forest near Kartuzy in September 1939, and inhabitants of Żukowo were among Poles massacred in nearby Kaliska in October and November 1939.[6] There are graves of prisoners of the Stutthof concentration camp in Żukowo. It was restored to Poland in 1945.

SportsEdit

The town's most notable sports club is handball team GKS Żukowo, which competes in the I Liga (Polish second tier).[7]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Zuko Lynx (born 1945 in Żukowo) a Polish Roman Catholic bishop.
  • Ambroży Mikołaj Skarżyński a Polish General who was the commander of a Napoleon's Imperial Guard squadron (Polish 1st Light Cavalry Regiment of the Imperial Guard).

LiteratureEdit

  • Wilhelm Brauer (ed.): Der Kreis Karthaus - Ein westpreußisches Heimatbuch, Radke, Lübeck 1978 (in German)
  • Joshua C. Blank: Creating Kashubia: History, Memory, and Identity in Canada's First Polish Community, 2016, p. 47 [1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hirsch, Theodor (1853). Das Kloster Zuckau und seine Umgebungen während des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts. Neue Preußische Provinzialblätter. Band 3 (Jahrgang 1853, Januar–Juni), Königsberg 1853, p. 4-71.
  2. ^ "Interklasa".
  3. ^ Biskup, Marian; Tomczak, Andrzej (1955). Mapy województwa pomorskiego w drugiej połowie XVI w. (in Polish). Toruń. p. 92.
  4. ^ "The colours of Pomeranian tradition. Kashubian embroidery - exhibition".
  5. ^ Landesamt, Prussia (Kingdom) Statistisches (1912). Gemeindelexikon für die regierungsbezirke Allenstein, Danzig, Marienwerder, Posen, Bromberg und Oppeln: Auf grund der ergebnisse der volkszählung vom. 1. Dezember 1910 und anderer amtlicher quellen bearbeitet vom Königlich Preussischen Statistischen Landesamte (in German). verlag des Königlichen Statistischen Landesamts.
  6. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. pp. 107, 154.
  7. ^ "I Liga Mężczyzn Grupa A". ZPRP (in Polish). Retrieved 28 November 2020.

External linksEdit