Štefan Tiso

Štefan Tiso (October 18, 1897, Nagybiccse, Kingdom of Hungary – March 28, 1959, Mírov, Czechoslovakia) was a lawyer and president of the Supreme Court of the 1939–1945 Slovak Republic which was a puppet state of Nazi Germany. He was a cousin of Josef Tiso, the president of the Republic.

Štefan Tiso
Štefan Tiso foto.jpg
Štefan Tiso in 1944.
Prime Minister of the First Slovak Republic
In office
September 5, 1944 (1944-09-05) – April 4, 1945 (1945-04-04)
PresidentJozef Tiso
Preceded byVojtech Tuka
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Foreign Minister of the First Slovak Republic
In office
September 5, 1944 (1944-09-05) – April 4, 1945 (1945-04-04)
Preceded byVojtech Tuka
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Minister of Justice of the First Slovak Republic
In office
September 5, 1944 (1944-09-05) – April 4, 1945 (1945-04-04)
Preceded byGejza Fritz
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1897-10-18)October 18, 1897
Nagybiccse, Kingdom of Hungary
(now Bytča, Slovakia)
DiedMarch 28, 1959(1959-03-28) (aged 61)
Mírov, Czechoslovakia
(now Mírov, Czech Republic)
NationalitySlovak
Political partySlovak People's Party
OccupationPolitician, lawyer

He became prime minister (replacing Vojtech Tuka), Foreign Minister (replacing also Vojtech Tuka) and minister of Justice (replacing Gejza Fritz) of the Slovak Republic. In the latter position in 1944 he pressed for death sentences against leaders of the pro-allied Slovak National Council.[citation needed] Tiso also emphasized his desire to see a Final Solution to the Jewish Question in Slovakia, in discussions with Joseph Witiska [de; fr; sv], the commander of Einsatzgruppe H. He believed that the uprising was the work of Judeo-Bolshevik plotters and considered Jews "enemies of the state".[1]

In a postwar trial, Štefan Tiso was given a life sentence. He died in prison.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hradská, Katarína (1996). "Vorgeschichte der slowakischen Transporte nach Theresienstadt" [The History of Slovak Transports to Theresienstadt]. Theresienstädter Studien und Dokumente (in German) (3): 89. CEEOL 274407.

Národný (Ľudový) súd 1945 – 48