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The Škoda 03 T (sold as Škoda Astra, later Škoda Anitra (Asynchronní zkopodlažní tramvaj; Asynchronous Low-floor Tram)) is a three-carbody-section low-floor tram developed by Škoda Transportation and Inekon Group. The design was introduced in 1996,[1] and the first car was completed in 1998. The joint venture between Škoda and Inekon was dissolved in 2001, after which Škoda continued to sell the 03 T, while Inekon formed a new partnership with DPO (Dopravní podnik Ostrava, the city transport company of Ostrava),[2] known as DPO Inekon, and in 2002 began selling a nearly identical version of the Astra, under the name Trio.[3]

Škoda 03 T Astra (Anitra)
Tram 03T Brno.jpg
ManufacturerŠkoda Transportation
AssemblyPlzeň, Czech Republic
Constructed1998–2005
Capacity42 (Seated)
113 (Standing)
Specifications
Train length20,090 mm (791 in)
Width2,460 mm (97 in)
Height3,440 mm (135 in)
Floor height350 mm (13.78 in)/780 mm (30.71 in)
Low-floor50%
Articulated sections2
Maximum speed70 km/h (43 mph)
Weight24.2 t (23.8 long tons; 26.7 short tons)
Steep gradient(?)
Power output340 kW (460 hp)
(4 × 85 kW or 114 hp)
360 kW (480 hp)
(4 × 90 kW or 120 hp)
Wheels driven100% (8/8)
Bogiesfixed
Minimum turning radius(?)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The 03 T is uni-directional and has a low floor over half of its length. The front and rear sections, under which the wheels are placed, have a high floor; the middle section, between these, has a low floor.

Some other Škoda trams, such as the 05 T and 10 T, are based on the Astra.

Deliveries and operationEdit

City Year Delivered In operation Numbers Note
Brno   2003–2006 17 17 1805–1821
Most-Litvínov   2001–2002 2 2 201, 202
Olomouc   1999 4 4 201-204
Ostrava   1998–2001 14 14 1201–1214
Plzeň   1998–2000 11 10 300-310 Nr. 300 scrapped in 2007[4]
TOTAL 48 47
 
Škoda Astra in yellow livery of Plzeň transport company inside of the tram depot
 
Mechanism for regenerative brake on the roof of a Škoda Astra.
 
Interior of a Škoda Astra
 
Operator's cab of a Škoda Astra.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tatra's new Czech rival launches its new low-floor ASTRA tram" (October 1996). Light Rail and Modern Tramway, p. 374. Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  2. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, March 2002, p. 103. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  3. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2003, p. 347. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  4. ^ Šlehofer, Jan. "Astra 300". Plzensketramvaje.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2009-09-12.

External linksEdit